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spin definition

Overview

This page has 46 definitions of spin with English translations in 14 languages. Spin is a verb and noun. Examples of how to use spin in a sentence are shown. Also define these 82 related words and terms: rotate, revolve, gyrate, partially, completely, face, direction, yarn, present, describe, interpret, bias, slant, cricket, cooking, dout, computing, programming, wait, loop, condition, play, vinyl, record, disc jockey, exercise bicycle, law enforcement, search, drum, rapid, circular, motion, physics, quantum, angular, momentum, subatomic, particle, magnetic moment, favourable, comment, interpretation, unpleasant, situation, propaganda, sports, rotation, sideways, aviation, flight, stall, aircraft, pitching, yawing, rolling, spinning, spun, prison, slang, prisoner, cell, unmarried, spinster, nautical, spinnaker, spider, Araneae, political, spin, media, first person, singular, present tense, indicative mood, spinnen, imperative mood, sperm, thorn, sesame, spyne, spina, and spuin.

See also: Spin

English spin definition

Etymology

From Middle English spinnen, from Old English spinnan, from Proto-Germanic *spinnaną. Compare Low German spinnen, Dutch spinnen, German spinnen, Danish spinde, Swedish spinna.

Pronunciation

Verb

spin (third-person singular simple present spins, present participle spinning, simple past and past participle spun or span)

  1. (ergative) To rotate, revolve, gyrate (usually quickly); to partially or completely rotate to face another direction.
    I spun myself around a few times.
    Spin the ball on the floor.
    She spun around and gave him a big smile.
    • 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, “Hiawatha’s Fasting”, in The Song of Hiawatha, Boston: Ticknor and Fields, page 76:
      Round about him spun the landscape, / Sky and forest reeled together, / And his strong heart leaped within him, / As the sturgeon leaps and struggles / In a net to break its meshes.
    • Gyrate definition
      To revolve round a central point; to move spirally about an axis, as a tornado; to revolve.
    • Face definition
      The front part of the head of a human or other animal, featuring the eyes, nose and mouth, and the surrounding area. (1 of 26 face definitions)
    • Direction definition
      A theoretical line (physically or mentally) followed from a point of origin or towards a destination. May be relative (e.g. up, left, outbound, dorsal), geographical (e.g. north), rotational (e.g. clockwise), or with respect to an object or location (e.g. toward Boston). (1 of 6 direction definitions)
  2. (transitive) To make yarn by twisting and winding fibers together.
    They spin the cotton into thread.
    • 1718, Matthew Prior, “Solomon on the Vanity of the World”, in Poems on Several Occasions, volume II, Dublin: George Grierson, published 1738, book I, page 115:
      Along the Sunny Bank, or Wat’ry Mead, / Ten thouſand Stalks their various Bloſſoms ſpread : / Peaceful and lowly in their native Soil, / They neither know to ſpin, nor care to toil ; / Yet with confeſs’d Magnificence deride / Our vile Attire, and Impotence of Pride.
  3. To present, describe, or interpret, or to introduce a bias or slant, so as to give something a favorable or advantageous appearance.
    • 2006 February 9, “The Politics of Science”, in The Washington Post[1], page A22:
      In every administration there will be spokesmen and public affairs officers who try to spin the news to make the president look good. But this administration is trying to spin scientific data and muzzle scientists toward that end.
  4. (cricket, of a bowler) To make the ball move sideways when it bounces on the pitch.
  5. (cricket, of a ball) To move sideways when bouncing.
  6. (cooking) To form into thin strips or ribbons, as with sugar
  7. To form (a web, a cocoon, silk, etc.) from threads produced by the extrusion of a viscid, transparent liquid, which hardens on coming into contact with the air; said of the spider, the silkworm, etc.
  8. To shape, as malleable sheet metal, into a hollow form, by bending or buckling it by pressing against it with a smooth hand tool or roller while the metal revolves, as in a lathe.
  9. To move swiftly.
    to spin along the road in a carriage, on a bicycle, etc.
  10. To stream or issue in a thread or a small current or jet.
    Blood spins from a vein.
    • Dout definition
      Obsolete spelling of doubt
  11. (computing, programming, intransitive) To wait in a loop until some condition becomes true.
    • Wait definition
      To delay movement or action until the arrival or occurrence of; to await. (Now generally superseded by “wait for”.) (1 of 7 wait definitions)
  12. (transitive, informal) To play (vinyl records, etc.) as a disc jockey.
    • 2002, CMJ New Music Report (volume 70, number 12)
      However, for the past six years he has been spinning his novel blend of progressive house and trance music and is finally on the brink of becoming the next luminary DJ.
    • Disc Jockey definition
      A person who conducts a radio program of recorded music combined with talk, news, commercials, weather, etc. (1 of 2 disc jockey definitions)
  13. (intransitive) To use an exercise bicycle, especially as part of a gym class.
  14. An abnormal condition in journal bearings where the bearing seizes to the shaft that is rotating and rotates inside the journal, destroying both the shaft and the journal.
  15. (Britain, law enforcement, slang, transitive) To search rapidly.
    • 2013, Nick Oldham, Psycho Alley
      But then again, unless someone struck lucky in those first few hours, there weren't even enough detectives to spin a drum [house].

Synonyms

Hypernyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

Noun

spin (countable and uncountable, plural spins)

  1. Rapid circular motion.
    The car went into a spin.
    The skaters demonstrated their spins.
    He put some spin on the cue ball.
  2. (physics) A quantum angular momentum associated with subatomic particles, which also creates a magnetic moment.
    • Particle definition
      A very small piece of matter, a fragment; especially, the smallest possible part of something. (1 of 5 particle definitions)
  3. (countable, uncountable) A favourable comment or interpretation intended to bias opinion on an otherwise unpleasant situation.
    Try to put a positive spin on the disappointing sales figures.
    The politician was mocked in the press for his reliance on spin rather than facts.
    Synonym: propaganda
  4. (sports) Rotation of the ball as it flies through the air; sideways movement of the ball as it bounces.
  5. (aviation) A condition of flight where a stalled aircraft is simultaneously pitching, yawing and rolling in a spinning motion.
  6. A brief trip by vehicle, especially one made for pleasure.
    I'm off out for a spin in my new sports car.
    • 2020 December 2, Paul Bigland, “My weirdest and wackiest Rover yet”, in Rail, page 68:
      Time is running out, so I renounce a spin on a Class 387 for a fast run to Paddington on another Class 800 - a shame as the weather was perfect for pictures. Even so, it's enjoyable - boy, can those trains shift under the wires.
  7. A bundle of spun material; a mass of strands and filaments.
    • Spun definition
      simple past tense and past participle of spin
  8. A single play of a record by a radio station.
    • 1996, Billboard (volume 108, number 12, page 37)
      Although the Loveless title showed the smallest increase in airplay in the top 10, its number of detections outpaced the nearest bulleted title by more than 350 spins.
  9. (Britain, prison slang) A search of a prisoner's cell for forbidden articles.
    • 2002, Jeffrey Archer, A Prison Diary
      Mr Weedon explains that this is a cell search - known by prisoners as a spin - and for obvious reasons it has to be carried out without any warning.
  10. (dated) Unmarried woman, spinster.
    • 1893, Bithia Mary Croker, "To Let" in "To Let" etc., Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1906, p. 1, [2]
      Some years ago, when I was a slim young spin, I came out to India to live with my brother Tom []
  11. (uncountable) The use of an exercise bicycle, especially as part of a gym class.
  12. (nautical) Short for spinnaker.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams


Dutch spin definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch spinne.

Noun

spin f (plural spinnen, diminutive spinnetje n)

  1. spider, member of the order Araneae
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English spin.

Noun

spin m (plural spins)

  1. (physics) particle spin
Derived terms
  • kernspin

Etymology 3

Borrowed from English spin.

Noun

spin m (uncountable)

  1. political spin, media spin
    • Media definition
      The middle layer of the wall of a blood vessel or lymph vessel which is composed of connective and muscular tissue. (1 of 4 media definitions)
Derived terms

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

spin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of spinnen
    • Present Tense definition
      A grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.
    • Spinnen definition
      to spin: make yarn by twisting and winding fibres together
  2. imperative of spinnen

Faroese spin definition

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Noun

spin n (genitive singular spins, uncountable)

  1. sperm

Declension

Declension of spin (singular only)
n3s singular
indefinite definite
nominative spin spinið
accusative spin spinið
dative spini spininum
genitive spins spinsins

Synonyms

Anagrams


Finnish spin definition

Etymology

Borrowed from English spin.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈspin/, [ˈs̠pin]
  • Rhymes: -in
  • Syllabification: spin

Noun

spin

  1. (physics) spin

Declension

Inflection of spin (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative spin spinit
genitive spinin spinien
partitive spiniä spinejä
illative spiniin spineihin
singular plural
nominative spin spinit
accusative nom. spin spinit
gen. spinin
genitive spinin spinien
partitive spiniä spinejä
inessive spinissä spineissä
elative spinistä spineistä
illative spiniin spineihin
adessive spinillä spineillä
ablative spiniltä spineiltä
allative spinille spineille
essive spininä spineinä
translative spiniksi spineiksi
instructive spinein
abessive spinittä spineittä
comitative spineineen
Possessive forms of spin (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person spinini spinimme
2nd person spinisi spininne
3rd person spininsä

French spin definition

Etymology

Borrowed from English spin.

Noun

spin m (plural spins)

  1. (physics) spin

Derived terms


Friulian spin definition

Etymology

From Latin spīnus.

Noun

spin m (plural spins)

  1. thorn bush

Related terms


Garo spin definition

Etymology

Cognate with Kokborok siping (sesame).

Noun

spin

  1. sesame

Hungarian spin definition

Etymology

From English spin.[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

spin (plural spinek)

  1. (physics) spin (quantum angular momentum)

Declension

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative spin spinek
accusative spint spineket
dative spinnek spineknek
instrumental spinnel spinekkel
causal-final spinért spinekért
translative spinné spinekké
terminative spinig spinekig
essive-formal spinként spinekként
essive-modal
inessive spinben spinekben
superessive spinen spineken
adessive spinnél spineknél
illative spinbe spinekbe
sublative spinre spinekre
allative spinhez spinekhez
elative spinből spinekből
delative spinről spinekről
ablative spintől spinektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
spiné spineké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
spinéi spinekéi
Possessive forms of spin
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. spinem spinjeim
2nd person sing. spined spinjeid
3rd person sing. spinje spinjei
1st person plural spinünk spinjeink
2nd person plural spinetek spinjeitek
3rd person plural spinjük spinjeik

References

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Middle English spin definition

Noun

spin

  1. Alternative form of spyne

Polish spin definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From English spin.

Noun

spin m inan

  1. (physics) spin (quantum angular momentum)
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

spin f

  1. genitive plural of spina

Further reading

  • spin in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • spin in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese spin definition

Etymology

Borrowed from English spin.

Noun

spin m (plural spins)

  1. (physics) spin (quantum angular momentum of subatomic particles)

Romanian spin definition

Etymology

From Latin spīnus, from spīna, from Proto-Italic *speinā, from Proto-Indo-European *spey- (sharp point). Compare Aromanian schin

Noun

spin m (plural spini)

  1. thorn

Declension

Synonyms

Related terms


Scots spin definition

Pronunciation

Noun

spin (plural spins)

  1. (South Scots) Alternative form of spuin
    • Spuin definition
      spoon

Spanish spin definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from English spin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /esˈpin/, [esˈpĩn]

Noun

spin m (plural spines)

  1. spin (clarification of this definition is needed)

West Frisian spin definition

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

spin c (plural spinnen, diminutive spintsje)

  1. spider

Further reading

  • spin”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011