🤩 Discover new information from across the web

specific definition

Overview

This page has 16 definitions of specific in English and Romanian, Moldavian, Moldovan. Specific is an adjective and noun. Examples of how to use specific in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

English specific definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old French specifique, from Late Latin specificus (specific, particular), from Latin speciēs (kind) + faciō (make).

Pronunciation

Adjective

specific (comparative more specific, superlative most specific)

  1. explicit or definite
  2. (sciences) pertaining to a species
    • 2008, Richard Dawkins, The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing, Oxford 2009, p. 3:
      Science and literature, then, are the two achievements of Homo sapiens that most convincingly justify the specific name.
  3. (taxonomy) pertaining to a taxon at the rank of species
  4. special, distinctive or unique
  5. intended for, or applying to, a particular thing
  6. Serving to identify a particular thing (often a disease or condition), with little risk of mistaking something else for it.
    a highly specific test, specific and nonspecific symptoms
  7. being a remedy for a particular disease
    Quinine is a specific medicine in cases of malaria.
    • 1830 May 23, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Specific Medicines”, in Specimens of the Table Talk of the Late Samuel Taylor Coleridge, volume I, London: J. Murray, page 147:
      The study of specific medicines is too much disregarded now. No doubt, the hunting after specifics is a mark of ignorance and weakness in medicine, yet the neglect of them is proof also of immaturity ; for, in fact, all medicines will be found specific in the perfection of science.
  8. (immunology) limited to a particular antibody or antigen
  9. (physics) of a value divided by mass (e.g. specific orbital energy)
  10. (physics) similarly referring to a value divided by any measure which acts to standardize it (e.g. thrust specific fuel consumption, referring to fuel consumption divided by thrust)
  11. (physics) a measure compared with a standard reference value by division, to produce a ratio without unit or dimension (e.g. specific refractive index is a pure number, and is relative to that of air)

Synonyms

Antonyms

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.

Hyponyms

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.
 

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

Noun

specific (plural specifics)

  1. A distinguishing attribute or quality.
  2. A remedy for a specific disease or condition.
    • 1968, Charles Portis, True Grit:
      I had no unreasonable fear of bats, [] yet I knew them too for carriers of the dread “Hydrophobia,” for which there was no specific.
  3. Specification
  4. (in the plural) The details; particulars.

Further reading


Romanian specific definition

Etymology

From French spécifique.

Pronunciation

Adjective

specific m or n (feminine singular specifică, masculine plural specifici, feminine and neuter plural specifice)

  1. specific
    Antonym: nespecific

Declension

Related terms