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shrub definition


This page has 4 definitions of shrub in English. Shrub is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use shrub in a sentence are shown. Also define these 19 related words and terms: woody, plant, tree, lop, prune, place of articulation, liquor, vegetable, acid, fruit juice, lemon, sugar, vinegar, spirit, preservative, alcoholic, brandy, rum, and liqueur.



Etymology 1

From Middle English schrub, schrob, (also unassibilated as scrub), from Old English *sċrob (in placenames) and sċrybb (a shrub; shrubbery; underbrush); akin to Norwegian skrubbe (the dwarf cornel tree).


shrub (plural shrubs)

  1. A woody plant smaller than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same base.
    • Plant definition
      An organism that is not an animal, especially an organism capable of photosynthesis. Typically a small or herbaceous organism of this kind, rather than a tree. (1 of 15 plant definitions)
    • Tree definition
      A perennial woody plant, not exactly defined, but differentiated from a shrub by its larger size (typically over a few meters in height) or growth habit, usually having a single (or few) main axis or trunk unbranched for some distance above the ground and a head of branches and foliage. (1 of 16 tree definitions)
Derived terms


shrub (third-person singular simple present shrubs, present participle shrubbing, simple past and past participle shrubbed)

  1. (obsolete) To lop; to prune.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Anderson (1573) to this entry?)
  2. (transitive, Kenyan English) To mispronounce a word by replacing its consonant sound(s) with another or others of a similar place of articulation.
    For example, /ʃɹʌb//sɹʌb/
    • Place Of Articulation definition
      The point of contact, where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an active (moving) articulator (typically some part of the tongue) and a passive (stationary) articulator (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).

Etymology 2

From Arabic شِرَاب(širāb, a drink, beverage), شَرِبَ(šariba, to drink), akin to syrup, sherbet


shrub (countable and uncountable, plural shrubs)

  1. A liquor composed of vegetable acid, fruit juice (especially lemon), sugar, sometimes vinegar, and a small amount of spirit as a preservative. Modern shrub is usually non-alcoholic, but in earlier times it was often mixed with a substantial amount of spirit such as brandy or rum, thus making it a liqueur.
    • Fruit Juice definition
      The juice of one or more fruits.
    • Spirit definition
      The soul of a person or other creature. What moves through experience into self-definition as souls purpose. (1 of 13 spirit definitions)
    • Liqueur definition
      A flavoured alcoholic beverage that is usually very sweet and contains a high percentage of alcohol. Cordials are a type of liqueur manufactured using the infusion process as opposed to the essence and distillation processes.