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short definition

Overview

This page has 48 definitions of short with English translations in 8 languages. Short is an adjective, an adverb, noun, verb and preposition. Examples of how to use short in a sentence are shown. Also define these 67 related words and terms: horizontal, vertical, height, duration, long, cricket, fielder, position, close, batsman, golf, brittle, crumbly, fat, shortbread, shortcake, shortcrust, shortening, undiluted, neat, abruptly, curtly, briefly, unawares, goal, requirement, cricket ball, far, full, finance, negative, ownership, short circuit, short film, garment, size, baseball, shortstop, short seller, short sale, phonetics, sound, syllable, vowel, programming, integer, variable, range, automobile, electrical, circuit, shortchange, business, security, sell short, shorten, drawing, sweepstakes, insane, crazy, malfunction, electrical engineering, short-circuit, shorts, short trousers, schort, and calção.

See also: Short

English short definition

Etymology

From Middle English schort, short, from Old English sċeort, sċort (short), from Proto-West Germanic *skurt, from Proto-Germanic *skurtaz (short), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker-.

Cognate with shirt, skirt, curt, Scots short, schort (short), French court, German kurz, Old High German scurz (short) (whence Middle High German schurz), Old Norse skorta (to lack) (whence Danish skorte), Albanian shkurt (short, brief), Latin curtus (shortened, incomplete), Russian коро́ткий (korótkij, short, brief). Doublet of curt. More at shirt.

Pronunciation

Adjective

short (comparative shorter, superlative shortest)

  1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically.
  2. (of a person) Of comparatively small height.
  3. Having little duration.
    Antonym: long
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 172:
      Last spring, the periodical cicadas emerged across eastern North America. Their vast numbers and short above-ground life spans inspired awe and irritation in humans—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.
    Our meeting was a short six minutes today. Every day for the past month it’s been at least twenty minutes long.
    • Long definition
      Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point . (1 of 8 long definitions)
  4. (followed by for) Of a word or phrase, constituting an abbreviation (for another) or shortened form (of another).
    “Phone” is short for “telephone” and "asap" short for "as soon as possible".
  5. (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position) that is relatively close to the batsman.
    • Close definition
      To remove a gap.
      1. To obstruct (an opening).
      2. To move so that an opening is closed. (1 of 13 close definitions)
  6. (cricket, of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman.
  7. (golf, of an approach shot or putt) that falls short of the green or the hole.
    • Golf definition
      A ball game played by individuals competing against one another in which the object is to hit a ball into each of a series of (usually 18 or nine) holes in the minimum number of strokes. (1 of 2 golf definitions)
  8. (of pastries) Brittle, crumbly, especially due to the use of a large quantity of fat. (See shortbread, shortcake, shortcrust, shortening.)
    • 2013, Heston Blumenthal, Historic Heston, →ISBN, page 122:
      I chose to interpret the references to butter and sugar as indicating that a short pastry was required. (Later editions suggest a biscuit-like texture.)
    • Shortcrust definition
      Describing a form of pastry that is relatively hard and brittle.
  9. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant.
    He gave a short answer to the question.
  10. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty.
    a short supply of provisions
  11. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied, especially with money; scantily furnished; lacking.
    to be short of money
    I'd lend you the cash but I'm a little short at present.
    The cashier came up short ten dollars on his morning shift.
  12. Deficient; less; not coming up to a measure or standard.
    an account which is short of the truth
    • 1829, Walter Savage Landor, “The Emperor Alexander and Capo D'Istria”, in Imaginary Conversations, volume IV:
      [] the people are worn down with taxes, and hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse them again to war.
  13. (colloquial) Undiluted; neat.
  14. (obsolete) Not distant in time; near at hand.
  15. Being in a financial investment position that is structured to be profitable if the price of the underlying security declines in the future.
    I'm short General Motors because I think their sales are plunging.

Usage notes

  • (having a small distance between ends or edges): Short is often used in the positive vertical dimension and used as is shallow in the negative vertical dimension; in the horizontal dimension narrow is more commonly used.

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • (having a small distance between ends or edges): tall, high, wide, broad, deep, long
  • (of a person, of comparatively little height): tall
  • (having little duration): long
  • (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position, relatively close to the batsman): long
  • (financial position expecting falling value): long

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb

short (not comparable)

  1. Abruptly, curtly, briefly.
    They had to stop short to avoid hitting the dog in the street.
    He cut me short repeatedly in the meeting.
    The boss got a message and cut the meeting short.
    • Abruptly definition
      In an abrupt manner; without giving notice, or without the usual forms; suddenly; precipitously.
  2. Unawares.
    The recent developments at work caught them short.
  3. Without achieving a goal or requirement.
    His speech fell short of what was expected.
  4. (cricket, of the manner of bounce of a cricket ball) Relatively far from the batsman and hence bouncing higher than normal; opposite of full.
  5. (finance) With a negative ownership position.
    We went short most finance companies in July.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

short (plural shorts)

  1. A short circuit.
  2. A short film.
    • 2012 July 12, Sam Adams, AV Club Ice Age: Continental Drift[2]
      Preceded by a Simpsons short shot in 3-D—perhaps the only thing more superfluous than a fourth Ice Age movie—Ice Age: Continental Drift finds a retinue of vaguely contemporaneous animals coping with life in the post-Pangaea age.
  3. A short version of a garment in a particular size.
    38 short suits fit me right off the rack.
    Do you have that size in a short?
  4. (baseball) A shortstop.
    Jones smashes a grounder between third and short.
    • Baseball definition
      A sport common in North America, the Caribbean, and Japan, in which the object is to strike a ball so that one of a nine-person team can run counter-clockwise among four bases, resulting in the scoring of a run. The team with the most runs after termination of play, usually nine innings, wins. (1 of 3 baseball definitions)
  5. (finance) A short seller.
    The market decline was terrible, but the shorts were buying champagne.
    • Short Seller definition
      A person or organization that participates in short selling
  6. (finance) A short sale.
    He closed out his short at a modest loss after three months.
  7. A summary account.
  8. (phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
    • 1877, Henry Sweet, A Handbook of Phonetics, page 18:
      If we compare the nearest conventional shorts and longs in English, as in ‘bit’ and ‘beat’, ‘not’ and ‘naught’, we find that the short vowels are generally wide (i, ɔ), the long narrow (i, ɔ), besides being generally diphthongic as well.
    • Phonetics definition
      The study of the physical sounds of human speech, concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds (phones), and the processes of their physiological production, auditory reception, and neurophysiological perception, and their representation by written symbols.
    • Syllable definition
      A unit of human speech that is interpreted by the listener as a single sound, although syllables usually consist of one or more vowel sounds, either alone or combined with the sound of one or more consonants; a word consists of one or more syllables. (1 of 3 syllable definitions)
  9. (programming) An integer variable having a smaller range than normal integers; usually two bytes long.
    • Integer definition
      English Wikipedia has an article on:
      Wikipedia
      A number that is not a fraction; an element of the infinite and numerable set {..., -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, ...}.
  10. (US, slang) An automobile; especially in crack shorts, to break into automobiles.
    • 1975, Mary Sanches, Ben G. Blount, Sociocultural Dimensions of Language Use (page 47)
      For example, one addict would crack shorts (break and enter cars) and usually obtain just enough stolen goods to buy stuff and get off just before getting sick.
    • 1982, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice, Career Criminal Life Sentence Act of 1981: Hearings (page 87)
      [] list of all crimes reported by these 61 daily criminals during their years on the street is: theft (this includes shoplifting; "cracking shorts", burglary and other forms of stealing), dealing, forgery, gambling, confidence games (flim-flam, etc.) []
    • Automobile definition
      A type of vehicle designed to move on the ground under its own stored power and intended to carry a driver, a small number of additional passengers, and a very limited amount of other load. A car or motorcar.

Translations

See also

Verb

short (third-person singular simple present shorts, present participle shorting, simple past and past participle shorted)

  1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit in (something).
  2. (intransitive) Of an electrical circuit, to short circuit.
  3. (transitive) To shortchange.
  4. (transitive) To provide with a smaller than agreed or labeled amount.
    This is the third time I’ve caught them shorting us.
  5. (transitive, business) To sell something, especially securities, that one does not own at the moment for delivery at a later date in hopes of profiting from a decline in the price; to sell short.
    • Security definition
      The condition of not being threatened, especially physically, psychologically, emotionally, or financially. (1 of 10 security definitions)
    • Sell Short definition
      To engage in the process of short selling (selling a stock one does not own on the premise of the stock's price going down). (1 of 3 sell short definitions)
  6. (obsolete) To shorten.

Translations

Preposition

short

  1. Deficient in.
    We are short a few men on the second shift.
    He's short common sense.
  2. (finance) Having a negative position in.
    I don’t want to be short the market going into the weekend.

Synonyms

Translations

Derived terms

Terms derived from the adjective, adverb, noun, verb, or preposition short

Anagrams


Albanian short definition

Etymology

Borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin sors, sortem.

Noun

short m

  1. drawing (action where the outcome is selected by chance using a draw)
  2. sweepstakes

Chinese short definition

Etymology

From English short.

Pronunciation


Note:
  • sot1 - Hong Kong;
  • sok1 - Guangzhou.

Adjective

short

  1. (Cantonese) insane; crazy

Derived terms

short short地

Verb

short

  1. (Cantonese, of electronics) to malfunction
  2. (Cantonese, electrical engineering) to short-circuit
    • Electrical Engineering definition
      the branch of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity, especially the design and application of circuitry and equipment for power generation and distribution, machine control, and communications

References

  • 《粵典》 [3]

French short definition

Etymology

From English shorts.

Pronunciation

Noun

short m (plural shorts)

  1. shorts, short trousers (UK)
    Avec un pantalon, j'ai moins froid aux jambes qu'avec un short.
    “With trousers on, my legs are not as cold as with shorts on.”
    • Short Trousers definition
      Trousers reaching as far as the knee, typically worn by young boys.

Further reading


Italian short definition

Etymology

From English short.

Noun

short m (invariable)

  1. short (short film etc)

Middle English short definition

Adjective

short

  1. Alternative form of schort
    • Schort definition
      Obsolete form of short.

Portuguese short definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From English shorts.

Noun

short m (plural shorts)

  1. shorts (pants that do not go lower than the knees)
    Synonym: calção
    • Calção definition
      (especially in plural) shorts

Spanish short definition

Etymology

From English shorts.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃoɾt/, [ˈʃoɾt̪]

Noun

short m (plural shorts)

  1. shorts