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sentence definition

Overview

This page has 22 definitions of sentence with English translations in 5 languages. Sentence is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use sentence in a sentence are shown. Also define these 28 related words and terms: judgement, verdict, punishment, crime, saying, maxim, apophthegm, grammar, subject, predicate, capital letter, full stop, logic, formula, free variable, computing, theory, string, formal grammar, opinion, pronounced, judgment, decree, announce, sententious, sentence, adage, and aphorism.

English sentence definition

Etymology

Borrowing from Middle French sentence, from Latin sententia (way of thinking, opinion, sentiment), from sentiēns, present participle of sentiō (to feel, think); see sentient, sentience, sense, scent.

Pronunciation

Noun

sentence (plural sentences)

  1. (dated) The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict. [from 14th c.]
    The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
    • Judgement definition
      Alternative spelling of judgment.
  2. The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime. [from 14th c.]
    The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous child rapist.
  3. A punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
  4. (obsolete) A saying, especially from a great person; a maxim, an apophthegm. [14th-19th c.]
    • Maxim definition
      A self-evident axiom or premise; a pithy expression of a general principle or rule. (1 of 2 maxim definitions)
    • Apophthegm definition
      Alternative spelling of apothegm
  5. (grammar) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop. [from 15th c.]
    The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
    • Predicate definition
      The part of the sentence (or clause) which states a property that a subject has or is characterized by. (1 of 3 predicate definitions)
    • Capital Letter definition
      An upper-case letter (A, B, C, ... as opposed to a, b, c, ...), used for emphasis, for starting sentences and proper names, etc.
    • Full Stop definition
      The punctuation mark.” (indicating the end of a sentence or marking an abbreviation).
  6. (logic) A formula with no free variables. [from 20th c.]
  7. (computing theory) Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar. [from 20th c.]
    • Formal Grammar definition
      A precise mathematical description of a formal language, consisting of terminal symbols, nonterminal symbols, a nonterminal symbol serving as start symbol, and a set of production rules that control the expansion of nonterminal symbols into strings consisting of both terminal and nonterminal symbols.
  8. (obsolete) Sense; meaning; significance.
    • 1387–1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales. General Prologue:
      Noght o word spak he moore than was neede,
      And that was seyd in forme and reverence
      And short and quyk and ful of hy sentence ...
    • 1649, John Milton, Eikonoklastes:
      now to the discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence, but that, for the most part, either specious rather than solid, or to his cause nothing pertinent.
    • 1915, T. S. Eliot, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, in Prufrock and Other Observations, published 1917:
      Full of high sentence, but a bit obtuse
  9. (obsolete) One's opinion; manner of thinking. [14th-17th c.]
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book II:
      My sentence is for open war.
  10. (now rare) A pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question. [from 14th c.]
    • 1687, Francis Atterbury, An Answer to some Considerations, the Spirit of Martin Luther and the Original of the Reformation
      By them [Luther's works] we might pass sentence upon his doctrines.

Synonyms

Hypernyms

Hyponyms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

sentence (third-person singular simple present sentences, present participle sentencing, simple past and past participle sentenced)

  1. To declare a sentence on a convicted person; to doom; to condemn to punishment.
    The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.
  2. (obsolete) To decree or announce as a sentence.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete) To utter sententiously.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Feltham to this entry?)

Translations

Further reading


Czech sentence definition

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈsɛntɛnt͡sɛ]
  • Hyphenation: sen‧ten‧ce

Noun

sentence f

  1. sentence (formula with no free variables)
  2. sentence (grammar)

Declension

Synonyms


French sentence definition

Etymology

From Old French sentence, from Latin sententia.

Pronunciation

Noun

sentence f (plural sentences)

  1. sentence
  2. verdict
  3. maxim, saying, adage

Latvian sentence definition

Noun

sentence f (5th declension)

  1. aphorism
    • Aphorism definition
      A concise, terse, laconic, or memorable expression of a general truth or principle.
  2. maxim

Declension

Synonyms


Middle French sentence definition

Etymology

From Latin sententia.

Noun

sentence f (plural sentences)

  1. sentence (judgement; verdict)
    • 1532, François Rabelais, Pantagruel:
      [] puis retourna s'asseoir et commença pronuncer la sentence comme s'ensuyt :
      [] then went back and sat down and started to give the verdict as follows:
  2. sentence (grammatically complete series of words)
    • 1552, François Rabelais, Le Tiers Livre:
      tant a cause des amphibologies, equivocques, & obscuritez des motz, que de la briefveté des sentences
      (please add an English translation of this quote)