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sand definition

Overview

This page has 29 definitions of sand with English translations in 7 languages. Sand is a noun, an adjective and verb. Examples of how to use sand in a sentence are shown. Also define these 37 related words and terms: ground, gravel, silt, beach, desert, construction, geology, particle, micron, mm, diameter, Wentworth scale, beige, grain, hourglass, abrade, sandpaper, cover, blot, sandpiper, sand, true, sandur, shoal, sea, floor, sending, embassy, mission, deputation, message, service, course, repast, mess, victuals, and seashore.

See also: Sand and sänd

English sand definition

Footprints in sand

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English sand, from Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz (compare West Frisian sân, Dutch zand, German Sand, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (compare Latin sabulum, Ancient Greek ἄμαθος (ámathos)), from *sem- (to pour) (compare English dialectal samel (sand bottom), Old Irish do·essim (to pour out), Latin sentina (bilge water), Lithuanian sémti (to scoop), Ancient Greek ἀμάω (amáō, to gather), ἄμη (ámē, water bucket)).

Noun

sand (usually uncountable, plural sands)

  1. (uncountable) Rock that is ground more finely than gravel, but is not as fine as silt (more formally, see grain sizes chart), forming beaches and deserts and also used in construction.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      For a spell we done pretty well. Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand.
    • 2018, The Guardian, "Riddle of the sands: the truth behind stolen beaches and dredged islands"
      We are addicted to sand but don't know it because we don't buy it as individuals, ―
    • 2018, The Guardian, "Riddle of the sands: the truth behind stolen beaches and dredged islands"
      China's hunger for sand is insatiable, its biggest dredging site at Lake Poyang produces 989,000 tonnes per day.
  2. (countable, often in the plural) A beach or other expanse of sand.
    The Canadian tar sands are a promising source of oil.
    • 1892, James Yoxall, chapter 7, in The Lonely Pyramid:
      It was the Lost Oasis, the Oasis of the vision in the sand. […] Deep-hidden in the hollow, beneath the cliffs, it lay; and round it the happy verdure spread for many a rood. [] Yes, the quest was ended, the Lost Oasis was the Found!
  3. (uncountable, dated, circa 1920) Personal courage.
    • 1884, Twain, Mark, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn:
      You may say what you want to, but in my opinion she had more sand in her than any girl I ever see; in my opinion she was just full of sand.
    • 1968, Charles Portis, True Grit:
      He said, “I admire your sand but I believe you will find I am not liable for such claims. Let me say too that your valuation of the horse is high by about two hundred dollars.”
    • 1979, L'Amour, Louis, Bendigo Shafter, →ISBN, OL 24369989M:
      There was youngsters all around him, and he stood there lookin’ at me and never turned a hair. He had sand, that Morrell.
  4. (uncountable, geology) A particle from 62.5 microns to 2 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.
    • Geology definition
      The science that studies the structure of the earth (or other planets), together with its origin and development, especially by examination of its rocks. (1 of 2 geology definitions)
    • Particle definition
      A very small piece of matter, a fragment; especially, the smallest possible part of something. (1 of 5 particle definitions)
  5. A light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
    sand:  
  6. (countable, obsolete) A single grain of sand.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. (countable, figuratively) A moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life (referring to the sand in an hourglass).
Derived terms
Translations

See sand/translations § Noun.

See also
Other terms

Adjective

sand

  1. Of a light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
Translations

See sand/translations § Adjective.

Etymology 2

From Middle English sanden, from the noun (see above).

Verb

sand (third-person singular simple present sands, present participle sanding, simple past and past participle sanded)

  1. (transitive) To abrade the surface of (something) with sand or sandpaper in order to smooth or clean it.
  2. (transitive) To cover with sand.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter IX, page 141, [1]
      Sudden stopping, which could be effected easily by sanding the rails and reversing the driving-gear, was dangerous, because the train might telescope and overwhelm the engine.
    • 1958, Boris Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago, translated by Max Hayward and Manya Harari, New York: Pantheon, Chapter 4, page 96,
      The golden domes of churches and the freshly sanded paths in the town gardens were a glaring yellow.
  3. (transitive, historical) To blot ink using sand.
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities:
      The officer wrote until he had finished, read over to himself what he had written, sanded it, and handed it to Defarge, with the words "In secret."
Translations

See sand/translations § Verb.

See also

Etymology 3

Abbreviation of sand(piper).

Noun

sand (plural sands)

  1. (colloquial) A sandpiper.

Anagrams


Afrikaans sand definition

Etymology

From Dutch zand, from Middle Dutch sant, from Old Dutch *sant, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation

Noun

sand (plural sande, diminutive sandjie)

  1. sand

Derived terms

  • sandkorrel

Danish sand definition

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /san/, [sanˀ]
  • Rhymes: -anˀ
  • Rhymes: -and

Etymology 1

From Old Norse sannr, saðr, from Proto-Germanic *sanþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sónts (being, existing), the present participle of *h₁es- (to be).

Adjective

sand

  1. true
Inflection
Inflection of sand
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular sand 2
Neuter singular sandt 2
Plural sande 2
Definite attributive1 sande
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Noun

sand n (singular definite sandet, not used in plural form)

  1. sand (finely ground rock)
Declension
See also

Faroese sand definition

Noun

sand

  1. accusative of sandur

Icelandic sand definition

Noun

sand

  1. indefinite accusative singular of sandur

Middle English sand definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /saːnd/, /sand/, /sɔnd/

Noun

sand (uncountable)

  1. sand (finely ground rock)
  2. A grain of sand.
  3. A shoal, the sea floor.
    • Floor definition
      The interior bottom or surface of a house or building; the supporting surface of a room. (1 of 17 floor definitions)
  4. Land, dry ground.

Derived terms

Descendants

References


Norwegian Bokmål sand definition

Etymology

From Old Norse sandr (sand, sandy ground, sandbanks), from Proto-Germanic *samdaz (sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (sand).

Pronunciation

Noun

sand m (definite singular sanden)

  1. sand

Derived terms



Norwegian Nynorsk sand definition

Etymology

From Old Norse sandr. Akin to English sand.

Pronunciation

Noun

sand m (definite singular sanden)

  1. sand

Derived terms


Further reading


Old English sand definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *sandō. See also the verb sendan.

Noun

sand f

  1. action of sending, embassy, mission, deputation; message
  2. sending, service, course of food, dish of food, repast, mess, victuals
    • Mess definition
      A disagreeable mixture or confusion of things; hence, a situation resulting from blundering or from misunderstanding. (1 of 4 mess definitions)
Descendants

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos. Compare Old Frisian sand, Old Saxon sand, Old High German sant, Old Norse sandr.

Noun

sand n

  1. sand, gravel
  2. sand by the sea, sands, seashore, sandy shore, beach
Derived terms
Descendants

Old Saxon sand definition

Etymology

Akin to Old Norse sandr.

Noun

sand n

  1. beach

Swedish sand definition

Etymology

From Old Swedish sander, from Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation

Noun

sand c

  1. sand (finely ground rock)

Declension

Declension of sand 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative sand sanden
Genitive sands sandens

Related terms

 

References

Anagrams