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rough definition

Overview

This page has 25 definitions of rough in English. Rough is an adjective, noun, verb and adverb. Examples of how to use rough in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: Rough

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English rough, rogh, roȝe, row, rou, ru, ruȝ, ruh, from Old English rūg, rūh, from Proto-Germanic *rūhaz. Cognate with Scots ruch, rouch (rough), Saterland Frisian ruuch, rouch (rough), West Frisian rûch (rough), Low German ruuch (rough), Dutch ruig (rough), German rau(h) (rough).

Pronunciation

Adjective

rough (comparative rougher, superlative roughest)

  1. Not smooth; uneven.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1
      The rock was one of those tremendously solid brown, or rather black, rocks which emerge from the sand like something primitive. Rough with crinkled limpet shells and sparsely strewn with locks of dry seaweed, a small boy has to stretch his legs far apart, and indeed to feel rather heroic, before he gets to the top.
  2. Approximate; hasty or careless; not finished.
    a rough estimate; a rough sketch of a building; a rough plan
  3. Turbulent.
    rough sea
  4. Difficult; trying.
    Being a teenager nowadays can be rough.
  5. Crude; unrefined
    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
  6. Violent; not careful or subtle
    This box has been through some rough handling.
  7. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating.
    a rough tone; a rough voice
  8. Not polished; uncut; said of a gem.
    a rough diamond
  9. Harsh-tasting.
    rough wine
  10. (chiefly Britain, colloquial, slang) Somewhat ill; sick
  11. (chiefly Britain, colloquial, slang) Unwell due to alcohol; hungover

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

rough (plural roughs)

  1. The unmowed part of a golf course.
  2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
    • 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 124:
      In Wellington Street my brother met a couple of sturdy roughs, who had just rushed out of Fleet Street with still wet newspapers and staring placards. "Dreadful catastrophe!" they bawled one to the other down Wellington Street. "Fighting at Weybridge!"
  3. (cricket) A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.
  4. The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.
  5. A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail but larger and more detailed, used for artistic brainstorming.
  6. (obsolete) Boisterous weather.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fletcher to this entry?)
  7. A piece inserted in a horseshoe to keep the animal from slipping.

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Translations

Verb

rough (third-person singular simple present roughs, present participle roughing, simple past and past participle roughed)

  1. To create in an approximate form.
    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
  2. (ice hockey) To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.
  3. To render rough; to roughen.
  4. To break in (a horse, etc.), especially for military purposes.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Crabb to this entry?)
  5. To endure primitive conditions.
    • 2013, Anne-Marie K. Kittiphanh, If Life Gave Me LEMONS, I Would Turn It into HONEY, →ISBN:
      I was able to help Trudy set up camp and everything else, of course there are different ways to camp the usual comfortable way or roughed we of course roughed it and I did my best to keep warm.
  6. (transitive) To roughen a horse's shoes to keep the animal from slipping.

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Translations

Adverb

rough (comparative more rough, superlative most rough)

  1. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.

Derived terms