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refuse definition

Overview

This page has 12 definitions of refuse in English, French, and Latin. Refuse is an adjective, noun, verb and participle. Examples of how to use refuse in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: refusé and re-fuse

English refuse definition

Etymology 1

Borrowed into late Middle English from Middle French refusé, past participle of refuser (to refuse).

Pronunciation

Adjective

refuse (comparative more refuse, superlative most refuse)

  1. Discarded, rejected.

Noun

refuse (uncountable)

  1. Collectively, items or material that have been discarded; rubbish, garbage.
Synonyms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old French refuser, from Vulgar Latin *refusare, a blend of Classical Latin refutō and recusō.

Pronunciation

Verb

refuse (third-person singular simple present refuses, present participle refusing, simple past and past participle refused)

  1. (transitive) To decline (a request or demand).
    My request for a pay rise was refused.
  2. (intransitive) To decline a request or demand, forbear; to withhold permission.
    I refuse to listen to this nonsense any more.
    I asked the star if I could have her autograph, but she refused.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Isaiah 1:20:
      If ye refuse [] ye shall be devoured with the sword.
    • 2011 September 27, Alistair Magowan, “Bayern Munich 2 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      City were outclassed thereafter and Roberto Mancini said that substitute Carlos Tevez refused to play.
    • 2018, Michael Cottakis – LSE, “Colliding worlds: Donald Trump and the European Union”, in LSE's blog[2]:
      Trump has explicitly refused to deal with the European Commission, seeking instead to conduct bilateral relations with individual EU countries.
  3. (military) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the centre, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular alignment when troops are about to engage the enemy.
    to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To disown.
Usage notes
Synonyms
Translations

Noun

refuse

  1. (obsolete) refusal
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fairfax to this entry?)

Etymology 3

re- +‎ fuse

Pronunciation

Verb

refuse (third-person singular simple present refuses, present participle refusing, simple past and past participle refused)

  1. To melt again.
Related terms

French refuse definition

Verb

refuse

  1. inflection of refuser:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams


Latin refuse definition

Participle

refūse

  1. vocative masculine singular of refūsus

References