🤩 Discover new information from across the web

refuse

Overview

This page has 12 definitions of refuse in English, French, and Latin. Refuse is an adjective, noun, verb and participle. Examples of how to use refuse in a sentence are shown. Also define these 12 related words and terms: discarded, rejected, rubbish, garbage, decline, forbear, military, disown, refusal, melt, refuser, and refusus.

See also: refusé and re-fuse

English

Etymology 1

Borrowed into late Middle English from Middle French refusé, past participle of refuser (to refuse).

Pronunciation

Adjective

refuse (comparative more refuse, superlative most refuse)

  1. Discarded, rejected.
    • Discarded definition
      simple past tense and past participle of discard
    • Rejected definition
      simple past tense and past participle of reject

Noun

refuse (uncountable)

  1. Collectively, items or material that have been discarded; rubbish, garbage.
Synonyms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old French refuser, from Vulgar Latin *refusare, a blend of Classical Latin refutō and recusō.

Pronunciation

Verb

refuse (third-person singular simple present refuses, present participle refusing, simple past and past participle refused)

  1. (transitive) To decline (a request or demand).
    My request for a pay rise was refused.
  2. (intransitive) To decline a request or demand, forbear; to withhold permission.
    I refuse to listen to this nonsense any more.
    I asked the star if I could have her autograph, but she refused.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Isaiah 1:20:
      If ye refuse [] ye shall be devoured with the sword.
    • 2011 September 27, Alistair Magowan, “Bayern Munich 2 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      City were outclassed thereafter and Roberto Mancini said that substitute Carlos Tevez refused to play.
    • 2018, Michael Cottakis – LSE, “Colliding worlds: Donald Trump and the European Union”, in LSE's blog[2]:
      Trump has explicitly refused to deal with the European Commission, seeking instead to conduct bilateral relations with individual EU countries.
  3. (military) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the centre, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular alignment when troops are about to engage the enemy.
    to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To disown.
    • Disown definition
      To refuse to own, or to refuse to acknowledge one’s own. (1 of 3 disown definitions)
Usage notes
Synonyms
Translations

Noun

refuse

  1. (obsolete) refusal
    1600, [Torquato Tasso], “The Twelfth Booke of Godfrey of Bulloigne”, in Edward Fairefax [i.e., Edward Fairfax], transl., Godfrey of Bulloigne, or The Recouerie of Ierusalem. [], London: [] Ar[nold] Hatfield, for I[saac] Iaggard and M[atthew] Lownes, OCLC 940138160, stanza 13, page 215:
    This ſpoken, readie with a proud refuſe [...]

Etymology 3

re- +‎ fuse

Pronunciation

Verb

refuse (third-person singular simple present refuses, present participle refusing, simple past and past participle refused)

  1. To melt again.
Related terms

French

Pronunciation

Verb

refuse

  1. inflection of refuser:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative
    • Refuser definition
      One who refuses.

Anagrams


Latin

Participle

refūse

  1. vocative masculine singular of refūsus
    • Refusus definition
      poured back

References