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reduce definition

Overview

This page has 28 definitions of reduce with English translations in 5 languages. Reduce is a verb, an adjective and noun. Examples of how to use reduce in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

English reduce definition

Etymology

From Middle English reducen, from Old French reducer, from Latin redūcō (reduce); from re- (back) + dūcō (lead). See duke, and compare with redoubt.

Pronunciation

Verb

reduce (third-person singular simple present reduces, present participle reducing, simple past and past participle reduced)

  1. (transitive) To bring down the size, quantity, quality, value or intensity of something; to diminish, to lower.
    to reduce weight, speed, heat, expenses, price, personnel etc.
    • 2012 January 1, Stephen Ledoux, “Behaviorism at 100”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, page 60:
      Becoming more aware of the progress that scientists have made on behavioral fronts can reduce the risk that other natural scientists will resort to mystical agential accounts when they exceed the limits of their own disciplinary training.
  2. (intransitive) To lose weight.
  3. (transitive) To bring to an inferior rank; to degrade, to demote.
    to reduce a sergeant to the ranks
    • 1815, Walter Scott, Guy Mannering
      My father, the eldest son of an ancient but reduced family, left me with little.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Folly of Scoffing at Religion
      nothing so excellent but a man may falten upon something or other belonging to it whereby to reduce it .
    • 1671, John Milton, Samson Agonistes
      Having reduced their foe to misery beneath their fears.
    • Hester Prynne was shocked at the condition to which she found the clergyman reduced.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page viii:
      Neither [Jones] [] nor I (in 1966) could conceive of reducing our "science" to the ultimate absurdity of reading Finnish newspapers almost a century and a half old in order to establish "priority."
  4. (transitive) To humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture.
    to reduce a province or a fort
  5. (transitive) To bring to an inferior state or condition.
    to reduce a city to ashes
  6. (transitive, cooking) To decrease the liquid content of food by boiling much of its water off.
    • 2011, Edward Behr and James MacGuire, The Art of Eating Cookbook: Essential Recipes from the First 25 Years.
      Serve the oxtails with mustard or a sauce made by reducing the soup, if any is left, to a slightly thick sauce.
  7. (transitive, chemistry) To add electrons / hydrogen or to remove oxygen.
  8. (transitive, metallurgy) To produce metal from ore by removing nonmetallic elements in a smelter.
  9. (transitive, mathematics) To simplify an equation or formula without changing its value.
  10. (transitive, computer science) To express the solution of a problem in terms of another (known) algorithm.
  11. (transitive, logic) To convert a syllogism to a clearer or simpler form
  12. (transitive, law) To convert to written form. (Usage note: this verb almost always appears as "reduce to writing".)
    It is important that all business contracts be reduced to writing.
  13. (transitive, medicine) To perform a reduction; to restore a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment.
  14. (transitive, military) To reform a line or column from (a square).
  15. (transitive, military) To strike off the payroll.
  16. (transitive, Scotland, law) To annul by legal means.
  17. (transitive, obsolete) To translate (a book, document, etc.).
    a book reduced into English

Synonyms

Antonyms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

References


Italian reduce definition

Etymology

From Latin redux (that returns).

Pronunciation

Adjective

reduce (plural reduci) (da)

  1. returning (from)
    Synonym: ritornato

Noun

reduce m or f (plural reduci)

  1. survivor
    Synonym: sopravvissuto
  2. veteran (of a conflict)
    Synonyms: veterano, ex combattente

Anagrams


Latin reduce definition

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Verb

redūce

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of redūcō

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Adjective

rĕduce

  1. ablative masculine singular of rē̆dux
  2. ablative feminine singular of rē̆dux
  3. ablative neuter singular of rē̆dux

Romanian reduce definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin reducere, French réduire, based on duce. Compare the inherited doublet arăduce.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /reˈdutʃe/, [re̞ˈd̪utʃe̞]

Verb

a reduce (third-person singular present reduce, past participle redus3rd conj.

  1. (transitive) to reduce, to lessen

Conjugation

Derived terms

Related terms

See also


Spanish reduce definition

Verb

reduce

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of reducir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of reducir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of reducir.