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red

Overview

This page has 78 definitions of red with English translations in 13 languages. Red is an adjective, noun and verb. Examples of how to use red in a sentence are shown. Also define these 114 related words and terms: color, nasturtians, ginger, card game, hearts, diamonds, black, capitalisation, left-wing, socialist, communist, Labour, Germany, Republican, derogatory, offensive, Amerind, Amerindian, First Nations, astronomy, particle physics, color charge, colour, nm, revolutionary, Communist, Bolshevik, snooker, wine, birdwatching, redshank, secobarbital, red light, red lemonade, quark, chili con carne, redfish, red drum, rede, redd, ride, first person, singular, present tense, indicative mood, redden, imperative mood, thing, object, item, matter, crimson, scarlet, pigment, reddened, dyed, blushing, bloody, blood-stained, ruddy, rosy, red-haired, clothed, wearing, golden, alchemy, vermillion, cinnabar, heraldry, gules, reddish, skin, eyes, irises, fabric, blood, disappear, ri, ræd, reda, row, mathematics, series, queue, order, line, chess, rank, religion, swath, hunting, web, mesh, fishing, net, spiderweb, trap, snare, communication, transport, network, sports, goal, electricity, grid, computing, Web, Internet, social networks, red social, rida, refusal, rejection, and refuse.

See also: -red, red-, Red, RED, and rěd

English

Various shades of red
A Caucasian woman with red hair.
A Uyghur girl in China who has red hair.
A glass of red wine

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English red, from Old English rēad, from Proto-West Germanic *raud, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz (compare West Frisian read, Low German root, rod, Dutch rood, German rot, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål rød, Norwegian Nynorsk raud), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from the root *h₁rewdʰ- (compare Welsh rhudd, Latin ruber, rufus, Tocharian A rtär, Tocharian B ratre, Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós), Albanian pruth (redhead), Old Church Slavonic рудъ (rudŭ), Czech rudý, Lithuanian raúdas, Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬌𐬛𐬌𐬙𐬀(raoidita), Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá, red, bloody)).

Adjective

red (comparative redder, superlative reddest)

  1. Having red as its color.
    The girl wore a red skirt.
    • Color definition
      The spectral composition of visible light. (1 of 23 color definitions)
  2. (of hair) Having an orange-brown or orange-blond colour; ginger.
    Her hair had red highlights.
  3. (card games, of a card) Of the hearts or diamonds suits. Compare black (of the spades or clubs suits)
    I got two red queens, and he got one of the black queens.
  4. (often capitalized) Supportive of, related to, or dominated by a political party or movement represented by the color red:
    1. Left-wing parties and movements, chiefly socialist or communist, including the U.K. Labour party and the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
      • "Only Nixon could go to China" was the refrain of conventional wisdom during Richard Nixon’s 1972 official visit to Mao Tse-tung’s regime. Nixon’s anti-communist credentials, however dubious, provided useful camouflage as he opened diplomatic relations with Red China and made breathtaking concessions that an undisguised liberal couldn’t get away with. [1]
      the red-black grand coalition in Germany
    2. (US, 21st century) the U.S. Republican party
      a red state
      a red Congress
    • Left-Wing definition
      Of political ideologies: favoring political and social equality.
    • Socialist definition
      Of, promoting, practicing, or characteristic of socialism.
    • Communist definition
      Of, relating to, supporting, or advocating communism.
  5. (chiefly derogatory, offensive) Amerind; relating to Amerindians or First Nations
  6. (astronomy) Of the lower-frequency region of the (typically visible) part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is relevant in the specific observation.
  7. (particle physics) Having a color charge of red.
    • Particle Physics definition
      A branch of physics that studies the elementary constituents of matter and radiation, and the interactions between them.
    • Color Charge definition
      In the Standard Model of particle physics, a property possessed by quarks, anti-quarks, and gluons that determine rules for how these particles may interact. There are three pairs of colors and anti-colors: red, green, blue, and their corresponding anti-colors (e.g. anti-red).
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
 
Translations

See red/translations § Adjective.

Noun

red (countable and uncountable, plural reds)

  1. (countable and uncountable) Any of a range of colours having the longest wavelengths, 670 nm, of the visible spectrum; a primary additive colour for transmitted light: the colour obtained by subtracting green and blue from white light using magenta and yellow filters; the colour of blood, ripe strawberries, etc.
    red:  
  2. (countable) A revolutionary socialist or (most commonly) a Communist; (usually capitalized) a Bolshevik, a supporter of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War.
    • Bolshevik definition
      A Russian communist revolutionary, member of the Bolshevik Party in the 1917 Communist Revolution of Russia. (1 of 2 Bolshevik definitions)
  3. (countable, snooker) One of the 15 red balls used in snooker, distinguished from the colours.
  4. (countable and uncountable) Red wine.
    • 1977, Billy Joel (music), “Scenes from an Italian Restaurant”, in The Stranger:
      A bottle of red, a bottle of white / It all depends upon your appetite / I'll meet you any time you want / in our Italian restaurant.
    • 2005, Jeffrey P. Landry, Temptation Mango:
      He produced a wine key from his jacket pocket and effortlessly removed the cork from the bottle of red.
    • 2008 January–February, “70 Ways to Improve Every Day of the Week”, in Men's Health, volume 23, number 1, ISSN 1054-4836, page 135:
      59 sneak in some red Smuggle a bottle of wine, two glasses, and a corkscrew into a long matinee. Red wine is rich in life-extending antioxidants, and the caper will add zest even to a bad movie.
  5. (countable, informal, Britain, birdwatching) A redshank.
  6. (derogatory, offensive) An Amerind.
  7. (slang) The drug secobarbital; a capsule of this drug.
    • 1970, “Truckin'”, in American Beauty, performed by Grateful Dead:
      What in the world ever became of sweet Jane? / She lost her sparkle, you know she isn't the same / Livin' on reds, vitamin C, and cocaine
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Harper Perennial, published 2005, page 202:
      The big market, these days, is in Downers. Reds and smack—Seconal and heroin—and a hellbroth of bad domestic grass sprayed with everything from arsenic to horse tranquillizers.
  8. (informal) A red light (a traffic signal)
    • 1974, Tom Waits (lyrics and music), “(Looking for) The Heart of Saturday Night”, in The Heart of Saturday Night[2]:
      Stopping on the red, you're going on the green / Cause tonight will be like nothing you've ever seen / And you're barreling down the boulevard / You're looking for the heart of Saturday night
    • Red Light definition
      A warning light, especially as a traffic signal indicating ‘stop’. (1 of 3 red light definitions)
  9. (Ireland, Britain, beverages, informal) red lemonade
    • Red Lemonade definition
      Lemonade coloured with natural food colouring, giving it a red appearance and a slightly sweeter taste.
  10. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.
  11. (US, colloquial, uncountable) chili con carne (usually in the phrase "bowl of red")
    • 1982, The Rotarian (volume 140, number 1, page 39)
      Houston visited a home in an early pioneer settlement where he was offered a bowl of red. Houston eagerly took his first large spoonful. His eyes watering, he spat out his bite []
  12. (informal) The redfish or red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, a fish with reddish fins and scales.
    • 2013 November, Catch Cormier, “Sightcasting for redfish”, in Louisiana Sportsman[3]:
      The species Sciaenops ocellatus certainly isn’t lacking for nicknames. [] Clear water also favors sightcasting. Against the dark background of marsh mud, a red will appear like a pumpkin — big, orange and round.
Derived terms
Terms derived from red (noun)
Translations

See also

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

References

Further reading

Etymology 2

From the archaic verb rede.

Verb

red

  1. (archaic) simple past tense and past participle of rede

Etymology 3

Verb

red (third-person singular simple present reds, present participle redding, simple past and past participle redded)

  1. Alternative spelling of redd

References

Anagrams


Bislama

Etymology

From English red.

Adjective

red

  1. red

Danish

Pronunciation

Verb

red

  1. past tense of ride

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

red

  1. first-person singular present indicative of redden
    • Present Tense definition
      A grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.
  2. imperative of redden

Anagrams


Italian

Noun

red

  1. A type of rice.

Manx

Etymology

From Old Irish rét.

Noun

red m (genitive singular red, plural reddyn)

  1. thing, object, item
    Cha daink reddyn dy mie.
    Things didn't pan out well.
    Cha nel shen deyr son y leagh t'er reddyn nish.
    That's not dear as things go.
    Kanys ta reddyn goll er?
    How are things?
    Son y chied red, t'eh ro vie dy ve firrinagh.
    For one thing, it is too good to be true.
    Ta reddyn couyral.
    Things are getting better.
    Ta reddyn ennagh ayn nagh vel niart ain orroo.
    There are some things we cannot help.
    Ta shen red aitt.
    That's a curious thing.
    T'eh yn un red.
    It amounts to the same thing.
    T'eh çheet stiagh rish yn red elley.
    It falls in with the other thing.
    She'n red hene eh y traa shoh.
    It's the real thing this time.
    Va shen yn red cooie dy ghra.
    That was the appropriate thing to say.
  2. matter

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

Old English rēad, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós.

Pronunciation

Adjective

red (comparative redder, superlative reddest)

  1. red, crimson, scarlet (in color)
    • Crimson definition
      A deep, slightly bluish red.
  2. red pigment
  3. reddened, dyed red
    • Reddened definition
      simple past tense and past participle of redden
    • Dyed definition
      simple past tense and past participle of dye
  4. blushing, red-faced
  5. bloody, blood-stained
    • Blood-Stained definition
      Alternative spelling of bloodstained
  6. ruddy, rosy
  7. red-haired
  8. red-clothed, wearing red
    • Clothed definition
      simple past tense and past participle of clothe
  9. (metal) golden
    • Golden definition
      Made of, or relating to, gold. (1 of 8 golden definitions)
  10. (alchemy) causing transmutation into gold

Descendants

References

Noun

red

  1. red (colour)
  2. red pigment, vermillion, cinnabar
    • Vermillion definition
      Alternative spelling of vermilion
  3. (heraldry) red, gules (tincture)
  4. reddish or ruddy skin
    • Reddish definition
      Somewhat red.
  5. reddish eyes or irises
  6. red fabric
  7. red wine
  8. blood

Related terms

Descendants

References

See also

Colors in Middle English · coloures, hewes (layout · text)
     whit      grey, hor      blak
             red; cremesyn, gernet              citrine, aumbre; broun, tawne              yelow, dorry; canevas
             grasgrene              grene             
             plunket; ewage              asure, livid              blewe, blo, pers
             violet; inde              rose, murrey; purpel, purpur              claret

Northern Kurdish

Verb

red

  1. to disappear.

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

Verb

red

  1. simple past of ri
  2. simple past of ride

Old English

Pronunciation

Noun

red m

  1. Alternative form of ræd
    • Ræd definition
      afraid

Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

red

  1. genitive plural of reda
    • Reda definition
      red

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation

Noun

rȇd m (Cyrillic spelling ре̑д)

  1. row
    • Row definition
      A line of objects, often regularly spaced, such as seats in a theatre, vegetable plants in a garden etc. (1 of 2 row definitions)
  2. (mathematics) series
    konvergentan redConvergent series
    divergentan redDivergent series
  3. queue
    • Queue definition
      A line of people, vehicles or other objects, in which one at the front end is dealt with first, the one behind is dealt with next, and so on, and which newcomers join at the opposite end (the back). (1 of 5 queue definitions)
  4. order (of magnitude)
  5. order (arrangement, disposition)
  6. line (of customers)
  7. (chess) rank
    • Rank definition
      The symbol for rank.
  8. (religion) order
    franjevački red - order of Saint Francis of Assisi

Declension

References

  • red” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation

Noun

rẹ̑d m inan

  1. order (arrangement, disposition)
Inflection
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. réd
gen. sing. réda
singular dual plural
nominative réd redôva redôvi
accusative réd redôva redôve
genitive réda redôv redôv
dative rédu redôvoma redôvom
locative rédu redôvih redôvih
instrumental rédom redôvoma redôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. réd
gen. sing. réda
singular dual plural
nominative réd réda rédi
accusative réd réda réde
genitive réda rédov rédov
dative rédu rédoma rédom
locative rédu rédih rédih
instrumental rédom rédoma rédi

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Noun

rẹ̑d f

  1. swath (the track cut out by a scythe in mowing)
Inflection
Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. réd
gen. sing. redí
singular dual plural
nominative réd redí redí
accusative réd redí redí
genitive redí redí redí
dative rédi redéma redém
locative rédi redéh redéh
instrumental redjó redéma redmí

Further reading

  • red”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU[4], portal Fran

Spanish

Etymology

From Old Spanish red, from Latin rēte (net). Cognate with English rete.

Pronunciation

Noun

red f (plural redes)

  1. (hunting, tools) web, mesh
    • Hunting definition
      The act of finding and killing a wild animal, either for sport or with the intention of using its parts to make food, clothes, etc. (1 of 4 hunting definitions)
  2. (fishing) net
    • 1911, Benito Pérez Galdós, De Cartago a Sagunto : 13
      Si se consigue pescar a Dorregaray con cuarenta mil duretes, a Cástor Andéchaga con veinticinco mil, y a otros tales, habremos hecho más que cogiendo en la red a los bicharracos de menor cuantía.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. (arachnid) spiderweb
  4. trap, snare
    • Trap definition
      A machine or other device designed to catch (and sometimes kill) animals, either by holding them in a container, or by catching hold of part of the body. (1 of 23 trap definitions)
    • Snare definition
      A trap (especially one made from a loop of wire, string, or leather). (1 of 6 snare definitions)
  5. (communication, transport) net, network
    red de carreterashighway network
    red de radiodifusorasradio broadcasters network
    red televisivaTV broadcasting network
  6. (sports) net, goal
  7. (electricity) grid
    fuera de la redoff the grid
    • Electricity definition
      Originally, a property of amber and certain other nonconducting substances to attract lightweight material when rubbed, or the cause of this property; now understood to be a phenomenon caused by the distribution and movement of charged subatomic particles and their interaction with the electromagnetic field. (1 of 4 electricity definitions)
  8. (computing) Web, Internet
    • 2013 January 16, “España: al 74% le gustaría acceder por Red a su historial clínico”, in El País[5]:
      La mayoría de la población (84%) accede a la red para temas relacionados con la sanidad.
      Most of the population (84%) accesses the web for health-related topics.
    • Internet definition
      The specific internet consisting of a global network of computers that communicate using Internet Protocol (IP) and that use Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to identify the best paths to route those communications.
  9. (used in plural) social networks
    Synonym: redes sociales

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


Swedish

Pronunciation

Verb

red

  1. imperative of reda.
  2. past tense of rida.

Anagrams


Turkish

Etymology

Possibly from Arabic رَدّ(radd).

Noun

red

  1. refusal
  2. rejection

Verb

red (with the auxiliary verb etmek)

  1. To refuse.

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from English red.

Pronunciation

Noun

red (nominative plural reds)

  1. the colour red

Declension

Derived terms

See also

Colors in Volapük · köls (layout · text)
     viet      ged      bläg
             red              rojan; braun              yelov
                          grün             
                                       blöv
             violät              purpur              redül