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quinine definition

Overview

This page has 3 definitions of quinine in English and French. Quinine is a noun and verb. Also define these 23 related words and terms: pharmacology, alkaloid, chemical formula, derive, cinchona, bark, plant, genus, Cinchona, use, treat, malaria, ingredient, tonic water, present, bitter, colourless, powder, drug, contain, chemical compound, quinine, and quininize.

English quinine definition

Etymology

The skeletal formula of quinine.
The red cinchona (Cinchona pubescens), one of the Cinchona species from which quinine is obtained.

The noun is either:

Spanish quinaquina and French quinquina are both derived from Quechua kina-kina, a reduplication of kina (bark; (specifically) Cinchona bark).[3]

The verb is derived from the noun.[4]

Pronunciation

Noun

quinine (countable and uncountable, plural quinines)

  1. (pharmacology) An alkaloid with the chemical formula C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ derived from cinchona bark (from plants of the genus Cinchona) used to treat malaria and as an ingredient of tonic water, which presents as a bitter colourless powder; also, a drug containing quinine or a chemical compound derived from it. [from early 19th c.]
    • 1821, The Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, and the Arts, volume 10:
      The alkali of yellow bark may be distinguished from cinchonine by the name of quinine.
    • 1828, The Medical Guide, Quinine, cinchonine, and sulphate of quinine:
      The quinine, being more potent than cinchonine, is generally preferred.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “2/9/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days, London: W[illiam] Collins Sons & Co., OCLC 23842407:
      He hadn't the faintest idea what to do with a cold in the head, he just took quinine and continued to blow his nose.
    • 1979, Lucile H. Brockway, Science and Colonial Expansion, New Haven, Conn.; London: Yale University Press, published 2002, →ISBN, page 127:
      I propose that the availability of increased stores of quinine under British control had a similar facilitating effect on the British colonial expansion into Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
    • 2014, Olivia Williams, “Gin is the Tonic”, in Gin Glorious Gin: How Mother’s Ruin Became the Spirit of London, London: Headline Publishing Group, →ISBN, page 163:
      So far, the daily dose of quinine had been bitter and very unpalatable. [] To make the medicine go down more easily, colonialists occasionally mixed the powder with sugar, water and gin.
    • Plant definition
      An organism that is not an animal, especially an organism capable of photosynthesis. Typically a small or herbaceous organism of this kind, rather than a tree. (1 of 15 plant definitions)
    • Powder definition
      The fine particles which are the result of reducing dry substance by pounding, grinding, or triturating, or the result of decay; dust. (1 of 5 powder definitions)

Derived terms

 

Related terms

 

Translations

See also

Verb

quinine (third-person singular simple present quinines, present participle quinining, simple past and past participle quinined)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To treat (someone) with quinine.
    Synonym: quininize (obsolete)
    • Quininize definition
      To treat with quinine.

Derived terms

Translations

References

  1. ^ quinine, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ quinine, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
  3. ^ quinaquina, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “quinaquina, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  4. ^ quinine, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2019.

Further reading


French quinine definition

Pronunciation

Noun

quinine f (plural quinines)

  1. quinine

References

  • quinine” in the Dictionnaire de l’Académie française, 8th Edition (1932–35).

Further reading