This page has 3 definitions of quinine in English and French. Quinine is a noun and verb. Also define these 23 related words and terms: pharmacology, alkaloid, chemical formula, derive, cinchona, bark, plant, genus, Cinchona, use, treat, malaria, ingredient, tonic water, present, bitter, colourless, powder, drug, contain, chemical compound, quinine, and quininize.
English quinine definition
The noun is either:
- derived from Spanish quina (“quinine”) (a clipping of quinaquina (“Cinchona bark”)) + English -ine (suffix forming names of chemical substances, especially (among others) alkaloidal substances);; or
- borrowed from French quinine, from quin(quina) (“Cinchona bark”) + -ine (feminine form of -in (suffix forming nouns)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkwɪ.niːn/, /kwɪˈniːn/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkwaɪ.naɪn/, /ˈkwɪ.naɪn/, /kwɪˈnaɪn/, /ˈkwɪ.nin/, /ˈkɪ.nin/
- Rhymes: -iːn, -aɪn (some pronunciations)
- Hyphenation: qui‧nine
- (pharmacology) An alkaloid with the chemical formula C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ derived from cinchona bark (from plants of the genus Cinchona) used to treat malaria and as an ingredient of tonic water, which presents as a bitter colourless powder; also, a drug containing quinine or a chemical compound derived from it. [from early 19th c.]
- 1821, The Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, and the Arts, volume 10:
- The alkali of yellow bark may be distinguished from cinchonine by the name of quinine.
- 1828, The Medical Guide, Quinine, cinchonine, and sulphate of quinine:
- The quinine, being more potent than cinchonine, is generally preferred.
- 1979, Lucile H. Brockway, Science and Colonial Expansion, New Haven, Conn.; London: Yale University Press, published 2002, →ISBN, page 127:
- I propose that the availability of increased stores of quinine under British control had a similar facilitating effect on the British colonial expansion into Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
- 2014, Olivia Williams, “Gin is the Tonic”, in Gin Glorious Gin: How Mother’s Ruin Became the Spirit of London, London: Headline Publishing Group, →ISBN, page 163:
- So far, the daily dose of quinine had been bitter and very unpalatable. […] To make the medicine go down more easily, colonialists occasionally mixed the powder with sugar, water and gin.
Chemical Formula definitionSynonym of (1 of 2 chemical formula definitions)
Use definitionThe act of using. (1 of 10 use definitions)
- quinamicine (archaic)
- quinamidine (archaic)
- quinetum (obsolete)
- quinia (obsolete)
- quinidia (archaic)
- quinina (archaic)
- quinism (historical)
- quinoidine (archaic)
- quinologist (historical)
- quinology (archaic, historical)
- quinotannic (archaic)
- quinovatannic (archaic)
- quinovate (archaic)
- quinovin (archaic)
- quinovite (archaic)
- (transitive, archaic) To treat (someone) with quinine.
- Synonym: quininize (obsolete)
Quinine definitionAn alkaloid with the chemical formula C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ derived from cinchona bark (from plants of the genus Cinchona) used to treat malaria and as an ingredient of tonic water, which presents as a bitter colourless powder; also, a drug containing quinine or a chemical compound derived from it.
Quininize definitionTo treat with quinine.
- quinined (adjective)
- ^ “quinine, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “quinine, n.”, in OED Online
, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
- ^ “quinaquina, n.”, in OED Online
, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “quinaquina, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “quinine, v.”, in OED Online
, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2019.
French quinine definition
quinine f (plural quinines)
- “quinine” in the Dictionnaire de l’Académie française, 8th Edition (1932–35).