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protein definition

Overview

This page has 9 definitions of protein with English translations in 6 languages. Protein is a noun. Also define these 15 related words and terms: biochemistry, molecule, chain, amino acid, peptide bond, nutrition, food, energy, kcal, gram, legume, carbohydrate, fat, protein, and bílkovina.

See also: Protein

English protein definition

Etymology

Suggested by Berzelius in a letter to Mulder, from French protéine and German Protein, both coined based on Ancient Greek πρωτεῖος (prōteîos, primary), from πρῶτος (prôtos, first).[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

protein (countable and uncountable, plural proteins)

  1. (biochemistry, countable) Any of numerous large, complex naturally-produced molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids, in which the amino acid groups are held together by peptide bonds.
    • 2010, Siddhartha Mukherjee, The Emperor of All Maladies, Fourth Estate (2011), page 534:
      Proteins carry out the bulk of cellular functions, including relaying signals, providing structural support, and accelerating biochemical reactions.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:protein
    Meronym: amino acid
  2. (nutrition, uncountable) One of three major classes of food or source of food energy (4 kcal/gram) abundant in animal-derived foods (i.e. meat) and some vegetables, such as legumes.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:protein
    Coordinate terms: carbohydrate, fat
    • Nutrition definition
      The organic process by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance. (1 of 2 nutrition definitions)
  3. (nutrition, countable) A food rich in protein, often a meat or meat substitute.
    • 2015 April 29, Mandy Unanski Enright, “One Meal, Two Proteins”, in Nutrition Nuptials[1]:
      The preparation style should be the same for both proteins so that the side dishes compliment the meal.
    • 2017, Daphne's California Greek, Catering Menu[2]:
      Served with seasoned rice, classic Greek salad, pita, tzatziki, choice of 2 proteins & 2 sides
    • 2018 May 31, Mary Kekatos, Daily Mail[3]:
      What should you get for lunch at a halal cart? Nutritionists explain how to pick a protein that isn't packed with calories and why you should beware the white sauce

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading

References

  1. ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928) , “Protein”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), London: Clarendon Press, OCLC 15566697.

Anagrams


Czech protein definition

Noun

protein m inan

  1. protein
    Synonym: bílkovina
    • Bílkovina definition
      protein

Hungarian protein definition

Etymology

From English protein.[1]

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈprotɛjin]
  • Hyphenation: pro‧te‧in
  • Rhymes: -in

Noun

protein (plural proteinek)

  1. protein

Declension

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative protein proteinek
accusative proteint proteineket
dative proteinnek proteineknek
instrumental proteinnel proteinekkel
causal-final proteinért proteinekért
translative proteinné proteinekké
terminative proteinig proteinekig
essive-formal proteinként proteinekként
essive-modal
inessive proteinben proteinekben
superessive proteinen proteineken
adessive proteinnél proteineknél
illative proteinbe proteinekbe
sublative proteinre proteinekre
allative proteinhez proteinekhez
elative proteinből proteinekből
delative proteinről proteinekről
ablative proteintől proteinektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
proteiné proteineké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
proteinéi proteinekéi
Possessive forms of protein
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. proteinem proteinjeim
2nd person sing. proteined proteinjeid
3rd person sing. proteinje proteinjei
1st person plural proteinünk proteinjeink
2nd person plural proteinetek proteinjeitek
3rd person plural proteinjük proteinjeik

References

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading


Norwegian Bokmål protein definition

Noun

protein n (definite singular proteinet, indefinite plural protein or proteiner, definite plural proteina or proteinene)

  1. protein

References


Norwegian Nynorsk protein definition

Noun

protein n (definite singular proteinet, indefinite plural protein, definite plural proteina)

  1. protein

References


Swedish protein definition

Noun

protein n (uncountable)

  1. protein

Declension

Declension of protein 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative protein proteinet
Genitive proteins proteinets

Synonyms

Anagrams


Turkish protein definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French protéine.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: pro‧te‧in

Noun

protein (definite accusative proteini, plural proteinler)

  1. (biochemistry) protein

Declension

Inflection
Nominative protein
Definite accusative proteini
Singular Plural
Nominative protein proteinler
Definite accusative proteini proteinleri
Dative proteine proteinlere
Locative proteinde proteinlerde
Ablative proteinden proteinlerden
Genitive proteinin proteinlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular proteinim proteinlerim
2nd singular proteinin proteinlerin
3rd singular proteini proteinleri
1st plural proteinimiz proteinlerimiz
2nd plural proteininiz proteinleriniz
3rd plural proteinleri proteinleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular proteinimi proteinlerimi
2nd singular proteinini proteinlerini
3rd singular proteinini proteinlerini
1st plural proteinimizi proteinlerimizi
2nd plural proteininizi proteinlerinizi
3rd plural proteinlerini proteinlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular proteinime proteinlerime
2nd singular proteinine proteinlerine
3rd singular proteinine proteinlerine
1st plural proteinimize proteinlerimize
2nd plural proteininize proteinlerinize
3rd plural proteinlerine proteinlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular proteinimde proteinlerimde
2nd singular proteininde proteinlerinde
3rd singular proteininde proteinlerinde
1st plural proteinimizde proteinlerimizde
2nd plural proteininizde proteinlerinizde
3rd plural proteinlerinde proteinlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular proteinimden proteinlerimden
2nd singular proteininden proteinlerinden
3rd singular proteininden proteinlerinden
1st plural proteinimizden proteinlerimizden
2nd plural proteininizden proteinlerinizden
3rd plural proteinlerinden proteinlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular proteinimin proteinlerimin
2nd singular proteininin proteinlerinin
3rd singular proteininin proteinlerinin
1st plural proteinimizin proteinlerimizin
2nd plural proteininizin proteinlerinizin
3rd plural proteinlerinin proteinlerinin