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proletariat definition

Overview

This page has 7 definitions of proletariat with English translations in 4 languages. Proletariat is a noun. Also define these 31 related words and terms: derogatory, low, class, society, masses, proletary, Marxism, wage earner, exclude, salaried, worker, person, own, capital, depend, labour, survival, working class, see, engage, class struggle, bourgeoisie, proletarian, Ancient Rome, citizen, property, right, contribute, offspring, state, and proletariat.

English proletariat definition

Etymology

From French prolétariat (proletariats as a class; state of being a proletariat), from Latin prōlētārius (belonging to the lowest class of citizens, whose only contribution to the state was their offspring; member of this class) + French -at (suffix denoting actions or the results of actions).[1] Prōlētārius is derived from prōlēs (offspring, posterity) + -ārius (suffix forming adjectives from nouns, or forming nouns denoting agents of use from other nouns); prōlēs is from pro- (prefix meaning ‘bringing forth or into being; bringing into the open’) + *olēs (a variant of *oleō (to grow), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (to grow, nourish)).

Pronunciation

Noun

proletariat (plural proletariats)

  1. (often derogatory, also figuratively) The lowest class of society; also, the lower classes of society generally; the masses.
    Synonym: proletary
  2. (Marxism) Wage earners collectively, excluding salaried workers; people who own no capital and depend on their labour for survival; the working class, especially when seen as engaged in a class struggle with the bourgeoisie (the capital-owning class).
    Synonyms: proletarian, proletary
    Antonym: bourgeoisie
    • Wage Earner definition
      someone who works for wages, especially if that wage supports a household
    • Depend definition
      To be contingent or conditioned; to have something as a necessary condition; to hinge on. (1 of 4 depend definitions)
    • Working Class definition
      The social class of those who perform physical work for a living, as opposed to the professional or middle class, the upper class, or others.
    • Class Struggle definition
      Conflict between social or economic classes (especially between the capitalist and proletariat classes); the active expression of a theoretical class conflict looked at from any kind of socialist perspective
    • Proletarian definition
      Of or relating to the proletariat.
  3. (chiefly Ancient Rome, historical) The lowest class of citizens, who had no property and few rights, and were regarded as contributing only their offspring to the state.
    Synonyms: proletarian, proletary
    • Contribute definition
      To give something that is or becomes part of a larger whole.

Alternative forms

Derived terms

Related terms

 

Translations

References

  1. ^ proletariat, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “proletariat, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading

Anagrams


Azerbaijani proletariat definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Russian пролетариа́т (proletariát), from French prolétariat.

Noun

proletariat (definite accusative proletariatı, plural proletariatlar)

  1. proletariat

Declension

Further reading


Polish proletariat definition

Etymology

From French prolétariat, from Latin prōlētārius.

Pronunciation

Noun

proletariat m inan

  1. proletariat (working class or lower class)
  2. (historical) proletariat (lowest class of citizens in Rome)

Declension

Derived terms

  • (verbs) proletaryzować, sproletaryzować
  • (nouns) Proletariat, proletaryzm, proletaryzacja
  • (adjective) proletariacki

Related terms

Further reading

  • proletariat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • proletariat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian proletariat definition

Etymology

From French prolétariat

Noun

proletariat n (uncountable)

  1. proletariat

Declension