This page has 4 definitions of preponderance in English. Preponderance is a noun. Also define these 24 related words and terms: great, physical, weight, preponderancy, weaponry, excess, part, cannon, trunnion, superiority, amount, number, bulk, majority, large, abundance, profusion, influence, power, quality, outweighing, predominance, preeminence, and preponderation.
From preponderant + -ance (suffix forming nouns indicating a condition or state); preponderant is derived from Latin praeponderāns, the present active participle, or praeponderant, the third-person plural present active indicative, of praeponderō (“to give more influence or weight to, preponderate”), from prae- (prefix meaning ‘before; in front’) + ponderō (“to weigh; to ponder, reflect on, weigh up”) (from pondus (“weight; a pound; consequence, importance”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pend- (“to stretch”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pɹɪˈpɒndəɹəns/, /pɹɪˈpɒndɹəns/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpɑndəɹəns/, /pɹəˈpɑndɹəns/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Hyphenation: pre‧pon‧der‧ance
- (obsolete) Greater physical weight.
- Synonym: (obsolete) preponderancy
- (specifically, weaponry, historical) The excess of weight of that part of a cannon behind the trunnions over that in front of them.
Preponderancy definitionArchaic form of .
- Superiority in amount or number; the bulk or majority; also, a large amount or number; an abundance, a profusion.
- Synonym: (obsolete) preponderancy
- 1857, R[obert] Harries Jones, “Part the Second”, in The Japhetic Races. A Historical and Ethnological Inquiry into the Consanguinity of Various European Races. […], Göttingen: Printed at the University Press by W. Fr. Kaestner, OCLC 1013331293, section II, page 36:
- [S]trong proofs are at hand to shew, that in the Irish people there is a large admixture, if not an overwhelming praeponderance, of Iberian elements.
- 1997 August 17, Patricia Holt, “Just add sand; trash fiction for end-of-the summer beach reading”, in San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, Calif.: Hearst Communications, ISSN 1932-8672, OCLC 5697914, page 1:
- Is there a preponderance of female protagonists in commercial fiction, and if so, what does it mean?
- 2000 April 17, Paul Van Slambrouck, “California’s brightest star is, well, gray”, in The Christian Science Monitor, Boston, Mass.: Christian Science Publishing Society, ISSN 0882-7729, OCLC 705641703:
- Subtle, institutional discrimination was evident in the preponderance of blacks and underprivileged whites fighting the war.
Abundance definitionA large quantity; many. (1 of 5 abundance definitions)
- Superiority of influence, power, a quality, etc.; an outweighing, predominance, pre-eminence.
- 1851, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter XI, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume III, London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 1069526323, page 49:
- In a few weeks he [William III of England] had changed the relative position of all the states in Europe, and had restored the equilibrium which the preponderance of one power had destroyed.
- 1953, Sigmund Freud, “Distortion in Dreams”, in James Strachey, transl., The Interpretation of Dreams (First Part) (The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud), volume IV, London: The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, published 1971, →ISBN, page 134:
- But even less disgruntled observers have insisted that pain and unpleasure are more common in dreams than pleasure: for instance, Scholz (1893, 57), Volkelt (1875, 80), and others. Indeed two ladies, Florence Hallam and Sarah Weed (1896, 499), have actually given statistical expression, based on a study of their own dreams, to the preponderance of unpleasure in dreaming.
Power definitionAbility to do or undergo something. (1 of 19 power definitions)
Preponderation definitionThe act or state of preponderating; preponderance.