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preponderance

Overview

This page has 4 definitions of preponderance in English. Preponderance is a noun. Also define these 24 related words and terms: great, physical, weight, preponderancy, weaponry, excess, part, cannon, trunnion, superiority, amount, number, bulk, majority, large, abundance, profusion, influence, power, quality, outweighing, predominance, preeminence, and preponderation.

See also: prépondérance

English

Etymology

From preponderant +‎ -ance (suffix forming nouns indicating a condition or state); preponderant is derived from Latin praeponderāns, the present active participle, or praeponderant, the third-person plural present active indicative, of praeponderō (to give more influence or weight to, preponderate),[1] from prae- (prefix meaning ‘before; in front’) + ponderō (to weigh; to ponder, reflect on, weigh up) (from pondus (weight; a pound; consequence, importance), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pend- (to stretch)).

Pronunciation

Noun

preponderance (countable and uncountable, plural preponderances)

  1. (obsolete) Greater physical weight.
    Synonym: (obsolete) preponderancy
    1. (specifically, weaponry, historical) The excess of weight of that part of a cannon behind the trunnions over that in front of them.
    • Weight definition
      The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by). (1 of 20 weight definitions)
  2. Superiority in amount or number; the bulk or majority; also, a large amount or number; an abundance, a profusion.
    Synonym: (obsolete) preponderancy
    • 1857, R[obert] Harries Jones, “Part the Second”, in The Japhetic Races. A Historical and Ethnological Inquiry into the Consanguinity of Various European Races. [], Göttingen: Printed at the University Press by W. Fr. Kaestner, OCLC 1013331293, section II, page 36:
      [S]trong proofs are at hand to shew, that in the Irish people there is a large admixture, if not an overwhelming praeponderance, of Iberian elements.
    • 1997 August 17, Patricia Holt, “Just add sand; trash fiction for end-of-the summer beach reading”, in San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, Calif.: Hearst Communications, ISSN 1932-8672, OCLC 5697914, page 1:
      Is there a preponderance of female protagonists in commercial fiction, and if so, what does it mean?
    • 2000 April 17, Paul Van Slambrouck, “California’s brightest star is, well, gray”, in The Christian Science Monitor[1], Boston, Mass.: Christian Science Publishing Society, ISSN 0882-7729, OCLC 705641703:
      Subtle, institutional discrimination was evident in the preponderance of blacks and underprivileged whites fighting the war.
  3. Superiority of influence, power, a quality, etc.; an outweighing, predominance, pre-eminence.
    Synonyms: (obsolete) preponderancy, preponderation
    • Preponderation definition
      The act or state of preponderating; preponderance.

Alternative forms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

References

  1. ^ preponderance, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “preponderance, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading