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planet definition

Overview

This page has 18 definitions of planet with English translations in 10 languages. Planet is a noun and verb. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: Planet, planèt, and plånet

English planet definition

Etymology

From Middle English planete, from Old French planete, from Latin planeta, planetes, from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer) (ellipsis of πλάνητες ἀστέρες (plánētes astéres, wandering stars)), from Ancient Greek πλανάω (planáō, wander about, stray), of unknown origin. Cognate with Latin pālor (wander about, stray), Old Norse flana (to rush about), and Norwegian flanta (to wander about). More at flaunt.

Pronunciation

Noun

planet (plural planets)

  1. (now historical or astrology) Each of the seven major bodies which move relative to the fixed stars in the night sky—the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. [from 14thc.]
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 12, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes [], book II, London: [] Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount [], OCLC 946730821, page 260:
      Be they not dreames of humane vanity, [] to make of our knowne earth a bright shining planet [transl. astre]?
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society, published 1973, page 288:
      The moon [] began to rise from her bed, where she had slumbered away the day, in order to sit up all night. Jones had not travelled far before he paid his compliments to that beautiful planet, and, turning to his companion, asked him if he had ever beheld so delicious an evening?
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society, published 2012, page 361:
      Another of Boehme's followers, the Welshman Morgan Llwyd, also believed that the seven planets could be found within man.
  2. (astronomy) A body which orbits a star (or star cluster), is massive enough to be in hydrostatic equilibrium (generally meaning a spheroid) but not enough to attain nuclear fusion and, in IAU usage, dominates the region of its orbit about the star; specifically, in the case of the Solar system, the eight major bodies of Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. (Pluto was considered a planet until it was reclassified as a dwarf planet by the IAU in 2006.) [from 17thc.]
    • 1640, John Wilkins, A Discovrse concerning a New Planet. Tending to prove, That 'tis probable our Earth is one of the Planets, title:
      A Discovrse concerning a New Planet. Tending to prove, That 'tis probable our Earth is one of the Planets
    • 2006 December 22, Alok Jha, The Guardian:
      Their decision will force a rewrite of science textbooks because the solar system is now a place with eight planets and three newly defined "dwarf planets"—a new category of object that includes Pluto.
  3. Found in phrases such as the planet, this planet to refer to the Earth.
    • 1907 August, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, chapter VIII, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
      "My tastes," he said, still smiling, "incline me to the garishly sunlit side of this planet." And, to tease her and arouse her to combat: "I prefer a farandole to a nocturne; I'd rather have a painting than an etching; Mr. Whistler bores me with his monochromatic mud; I don't like dull colours, dull sounds, dull intellects; []."
    • 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
      It is tempting to speculate about the incentives or compulsions that might explain why anyone would take to the skies in [the] basket [of a balloon]: []; perhaps to moralise on the oneness or fragility of the planet, or to see humanity for the small and circumscribed thing that it is; [].

Usage notes

The term planet originally meant any star which wandered across the sky, and generally included comets and the Sun and Moon. With the Copernican revolution, the Earth was recognized as a planet, and the Sun was seen to be fundamentally different. The Galileian satellites of Jupiter were at first called planets (satellite planets), but later reclassified along with the Moon. The first asteroids were also considered to be planets, but were reclassified when it was realized that there were a great many of them, crossing each other's orbits, in a zone where only a single planet had been expected. Likewise, Pluto was found where an outer planet had been expected, but doubts were raised when it turned out to cross Neptune's orbit and to be much smaller than the expectation required. When Eris, an outer body more massive than Pluto, was discovered, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) officially defined the word planet as above. However, a significant number have refused to accept the IAU definition, especially in the field of planetary geology. Some simply continue with the nine planets that had been recognized prior to the discovery of Eris. Others are of the opinion that orbital parameters should be irrelevant, and that either any equilibrium (ellipsoidal) body in direct orbit around a star is a planet (there are likely at least a dozen such bodies in the Solar system) or that any equilibrium body at all is a planet, thus re-accepting the Moon, the Galileian satellites and other large moons as planets.

Synonyms

Hypernyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

References

  • planet on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • First Steps to Astronomy and Geography, 1828, (Hatchard & Son: Piccadilly, London).

Anagrams


Albanian planet definition

Pronunciation

Noun

planet m (indefinite plural planete, definite singular planeti, definite plural planetet)

  1. planet

Declension


Azerbaijani planet definition

Other scripts
Cyrillic планет
Roman planet
Perso-Arabic پلانئت

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin planēta and Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer, planet).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [pɫɑˈnet]
  • Hyphenation: pla‧net

Noun

planet (definite accusative planeti, plural planetlər)

  1. planet
    Synonym: səyyarə

Declension

Derived terms


Danish planet definition

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

planet c (singular definite planeten, plural indefinite planeter)

  1. (astronomy) a planet

Inflection

Derived terms

 

German planet definition

Pronunciation

Verb

planet

  1. second-person plural subjunctive I of planen

Middle English planet definition

Noun

planet

  1. Alternative form of planete (planet)

Norwegian Bokmål planet definition

Etymology

From Old Norse planéta, from Latin planēta, from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer).

Noun

planet m (definite singular planeten, indefinite plural planeter, definite plural planetene)

  1. a planet

Derived terms

Related terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk planet definition

Etymology 1

From Old Norse planéta, from Latin planēta, from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer).

Noun

planet m (definite singular planeten, indefinite plural planetar, definite plural planetane)

  1. a planet
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

Noun

planet n

  1. definite singular of plan

References


Polish planet definition

Noun

planet f

  1. genitive plural of planeta

Romansch planet definition

Noun

planet m (plural planets)

  1. (astronomy, astrology) planet

Serbo-Croatian planet definition

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /plǎneːt/
  • Hyphenation: pla‧net

Noun

plànēt m (Cyrillic spelling пла̀не̄т)

  1. (usually Croatia) planet

Declension


Slovene planet definition

Pronunciation

Noun

planẹ̑t m inan

  1. (astronomy) planet

Inflection

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. planét
gen. sing. planéta
singular dual plural
nominative planét planéta planéti
accusative planét planéta planéte
genitive planéta planétov planétov
dative planétu planétoma planétom
locative planétu planétih planétih
instrumental planétom planétoma planéti

Derived terms

See also


Swedish planet definition

Etymology 1

Ultimately from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs).

Pronunciation

Noun

planet c

  1. (astronomy) planet
Declension
Declension of planet 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative planet planeten planeter planeterna
Genitive planets planetens planeters planeternas

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

planet

  1. definite singular of plan

Turkish planet definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French planète.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɫaˈnet/
  • Hyphenation: pla‧net

Noun

planet (definite accusative planeti, plural planetler)

  1. (astronomy, rare) planet
    Synonym: gezegen

Declension

Inflection
Nominative planet
Definite accusative planeti
Singular Plural
Nominative planet planetler
Definite accusative planeti planetleri
Dative planete planetlere
Locative planette planetlerde
Ablative planetten planetlerden
Genitive planetin planetlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular planetim planetlerim
2nd singular planetin planetlerin
3rd singular planeti planetleri
1st plural planetimiz planetlerimiz
2nd plural planetiniz planetleriniz
3rd plural planetleri planetleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular planetimi planetlerimi
2nd singular planetini planetlerini
3rd singular planetini planetlerini
1st plural planetimizi planetlerimizi
2nd plural planetinizi planetlerinizi
3rd plural planetlerini planetlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular planetime planetlerime
2nd singular planetine planetlerine
3rd singular planetine planetlerine
1st plural planetimize planetlerimize
2nd plural planetinize planetlerinize
3rd plural planetlerine planetlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular planetimde planetlerimde
2nd singular planetinde planetlerinde
3rd singular planetinde planetlerinde
1st plural planetimizde planetlerimizde
2nd plural planetinizde planetlerinizde
3rd plural planetlerinde planetlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular planetimden planetlerimden
2nd singular planetinden planetlerinden
3rd singular planetinden planetlerinden
1st plural planetimizden planetlerimizden
2nd plural planetinizden planetlerinizden
3rd plural planetlerinden planetlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular planetimin planetlerimin
2nd singular planetinin planetlerinin
3rd singular planetinin planetlerinin
1st plural planetimizin planetlerimizin
2nd plural planetinizin planetlerinizin
3rd plural planetlerinin planetlerinin