This page has 3 definitions of pernoctation in English. Pernoctation is a noun. Also define these 19 related words and terms: action, abide, night, location, instance, overnight, stay, walk, vigil, watch, religion, Christianity, religious, normal, sleeping, hour, prayer, ceremony, and perform.
Learned borrowing from Late Latin pernoctātiō (“act of spending of the night (doing something, particularly praying)”) + English -ion (suffix forming nouns indicating an action or process, or the result of an action or process). Pernoctātiō is derived from Latin pernoctātus (“having spent the night”) + -iō (suffix forming abstract nouns from verbs); pernoctātus is the perfect passive participle of pernoctō (“to spend the night”), from per- (prefix with the sense of completion or entirety forming verbs) + nox (“night; darkness”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *nókʷts (“night; evening (?)”), possibly from *negʷ- (“bare, naked”) in the sense of becoming bare of sunlight).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌpɜːnɒkˈteɪʃn̩/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌpɜɹnɑkˈteɪʃ(ə)n/, /pɜɹˌnɑk-/
Audio (US, Northern California) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪʃən
- Hyphenation: per‧noct‧a‧tion
- (uncountable) The action of abiding through the night at a location; (countable) an instance of this; an overnight stay.
- 1685, R. H. [pseudonym; Abraham Woodhead], “Part I”, in An Historical Narration of the Life and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ. […], Oxford, Oxfordshire: […] [s.n.], OCLC 1051579834, § 113, page 88:
- The next morning they [Mary and Joseph] return back with ſpeed toward Jeruſalem; and at night repairing to their former lodging, neither there it ſeems heard they any thing of him [Jesus] (which argues, for this time of his abſence his pernoctation in the Temple), and ſo they muſt paſs this ſecond night alſo in great deſolation.
- 1880 November, Statutes Proposed to be Made by the University of Oxford Commissioners for Exeter College, Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire: E. Pickard Hall, […], and J. H. Stacy, […], OCLC 316454098, part III, section 15, page 11:
- For the purposes of this clause, residing in Oxford shall mean the occupation of a dwelling-house or lodging in Oxford with pernoctation, and residing in College shall mean the occupation of rooms in College, or of a house in immediate communication with the College, with pernoctation.
Night definitionThe period between sunset and sunrise, when a location faces far away from the sun, thus when the sky is dark. (1 of 9 night definitions)
- (uncountable) The action of walking about at night, especially as a vigil or watch; (countable) an instance of this.
- (countable, religion, chiefly Christianity, obsolete) A religious watch kept during normal sleeping hours, during which prayers or other ceremonies are performed; a vigil.
- 1772, John Glen King, “The Order of the After-vespers”, in The Rites and Ceremonies of the Greek Church, in Russia; […], London: […] W. Owen, […]; J[ames] Dodsley, […]; J[ohn] Rivington, […]; and T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, […], OCLC 1028608337, footnote 6, page 82:
- [I]n general the veſpers begin a little before ſunſet; the matins at four o'clock in the morning, and the liturgy or communion about nine; and when the vigil, or pernoctation, is performed, that ſervice begins after ſunſet; and there is no ſervice, in the morning following, till the communion.
The sense of a religious watch may apply either to a holy vigil or to diabolical activities.
- ^ “pernoctation, n.”, in OED Online
, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “pernoctation, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “pernoctate, v.”, in OED Online
, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2020; “pernoctate, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.