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patient definition

Overview

This page has 13 definitions of patient with English translations in 5 languages. Patient is an adjective and noun. Examples of how to use patient in a sentence are shown. Also define these 20 related words and terms: lose, temper, wait, pursuit, persevering, diligent, treatment, doctor, medically, educated, linguistics, grammar, noun, noun phrase, semantic, patient, impatient, outpatient, pacient, and medicine.

See also: Patient and patiënt

English patient definition

Etymology

From Middle English pacient, from Middle French patient, from Old French pacient, from Latin patiens, present participle of patior (to suffer, endure), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (to hate, hurt).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɪʃənt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pa‧tient

Adjective

patient (comparative patienter or more patient, superlative patientest or most patient)

  1. (of a person) Willing to wait if necessary; not losing one's temper while waiting.
    Be patient: your friends will arrive in a few hours.
    • Wait definition
      To delay movement or action until the arrival or occurrence of; to await. (Now generally superseded by “wait for”.) (1 of 7 wait definitions)
  2. Constant in pursuit or exertion; persevering; calmly diligent.
    patient endeavour
    • December 15, 2016, Hettie Judah in the New York Times, Beloved Children’s-Book Characters, in Their Own Immersive World
      “Her personal life and her art were very intertwined: You can’t really separate them,” explains Sophia Jansson. “She mirrored her own a reality onto a fictional reality.” And this is perhaps the nub of the Moomin’s enduring appeal: a combination of adventuresome spirit and philosophy, all of which Jansson derived from close and patient observation, of human relationships and of the natural world alike.
    • c. 1692, Sir Isaac Newton, letter to Dr. Richard Bentley
      Whatever I have done [] is due to [] patient thought.
  3. (obsolete) Physically able to suffer or bear.
    • 1661, John Fell, Doctor Henry Hammond, 1810, Christopher Wordsworth (editor), Ecclesiastical Biography, Volume 5, page 380,
      To this outward structure was joined that strength of constitution, patient of severest toil and hardship; insomuch that for the most part of his life, in the fiercest extremity of cold, he took no other advantage of a fire, than at the greatest distance that he could, to look upon it.

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Translations

Noun

patient (plural patients)

  1. A person or animal who receives treatment from a doctor or other medically educated person.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 23, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic [] real kidneys [] . But they are nothing like as efficient, and can cause bleeding, clotting and infection—not to mention inconvenience for patients, who typically need to be hooked up to one three times a week for hours at a time.
    • Doctor definition
      A physician; a member of the medical profession; one who is trained and licensed to heal the sick or injured. The final examination and qualification may award a doctor degree in which case the post-nominal letters are D.O., DPM, M.D., DMD, DDS, in the US or MBBS in the UK. (1 of 8 doctor definitions)
  2. (linguistics, grammar) The noun or noun phrase that is semantically on the receiving end of a verb's action.
    The subject of a passive verb is usually a patient.
    • 1982, Paul J. Hopper, Tense-aspect: Between Semantics & Pragmatics, →ISBN:
      The number of a first or second person participant is generally marked for both agent and patient in all aspects.
    • 2004, Paul Kroeger, Analyzing Syntax: A Lexical-Functional Approach, →ISBN, page 292:
      Since we have argued that the absolutive argument in Dyirbal is the grammatical subject of its clause, we must conclude that in the antipassive construction the agent replaces the patient as grammatical subject.
    • Linguistics definition
      The scientific study of language.
    • Noun Phrase definition
      A phrase that has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head or performs the same grammatical function as a noun.
  3. One who, or that which, is passively affected; a passive recipient.
    • c. 1658, Dr. Henry More, Government of the Tongue
      Malice is a passion so impetuous and precipitate, that it often involves the agent and the patient.
    • 1988, Sarah Waterlow & Sarah Broadie, Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics, →ISBN, page 159:
      For it seems clear that the subject of change is the changed, i.e. the patient -- on one proviso. the proviso is that there be an agent or changer.
    • 1994, Larry Cochran & Joan Laub, Becoming an Agent: Patterns and Dynamics for Shaping Your Life, →ISBN:
      How does a person change from a patient to an agent in shaping and living a course of life?
    • 1999, Lloyd P. Gerson, Aristotle: Logic and metaphysics, →ISBN, page 127:
      According to the tradition, when an agent acts on a patient, the change is located in the patient. If the patient reacts on the agent, then the agent is a patient in the new relation.
    • 2010, Mohua Banerjee & Anil Seth, Logic and Its Applications: Fourth Indian Conference, ICLA 2011, →ISBN, page 7:
      The starting point is that all events involve an agent and a patient. Agents and patients are modelled as (material or non-material) objects, and can therefore be represented as points in conceptual spaces.

Antonyms

  • (linguistics, grammar): agent

Derived terms

  • patient role
  • patient of something

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Anagrams


Danish patient definition

Etymology

From Latin patiēns (suffering), the present active participle of patior (to suffer).

Pronunciation

Noun

patient c (singular definite patienten, plural indefinite patienter)

  1. patient (person or animal who receives treatment from a doctor or other medically educated person)

Inflection

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References


French patient definition

Etymology

From Middle French patient, from Old French patient, borrowed from Latin patiēns, patientem

Pronunciation

Adjective

patient (feminine singular patiente, masculine plural patients, feminine plural patientes)

  1. patient
    Antonym: impatient

Derived terms

Related terms

Noun

patient m (plural patients, feminine patiente)

  1. a patient, an outpatient

Further reading


Middle English patient definition

Adjective

patient

  1. Alternative form of pacient
    • Pacient definition
      patient

Noun

patient

  1. Alternative form of pacient

Old French patient definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin patiens, patientem.

Noun

patient m (oblique plural patienz or patientz, nominative singular patienz or patientz, nominative plural patient)

  1. (medicine) patient

Descendants


Swedish patient definition

Pronunciation

Noun

patient c

  1. a patient

Declension

Declension of patient 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative patient patienten patienter patienterna
Genitive patients patientens patienters patienternas

Related terms

Anagrams