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past

Overview

This page has 21 definitions of past with English translations in 5 languages. Past is a noun, an adjective, an adverb, preposition and verb. Examples of how to use past in a sentence are shown. Also define these 27 related words and terms: period, time, already, present, future, grammar, past tense, ago, previous, by, beyond, to, recover, move on, pass by, pass, trap, second person, third person, singular, present tense, indicative mood, passen, plural, imperative mood, pasta, and pasti.

See also: pásť, pást, and päsť

English

Etymology

From Middle English, past participle of passen (to pass, to go by), whence Modern English pass.

Pronunciation

Noun

past (plural pasts)

  1. The period of time that has already happened, in contrast to the present and the future.
    a book about a time machine that can transport people back into the past
    • 1830, Daniel Webster, a speech
      The past, at least, is secure.
    • 1860, Richard Chenevix Trench, On the English Language, Past and Present
      The present is only intelligible in the light of the past, often a very remote past indeed.
  2. (grammar) The past tense.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

Adjective

past (comparative more past, superlative most past)

  1. Having already happened; in the past; finished. [from 14th c.]
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 7, in The China Governess[1]:
      The highway to the East Coast which ran through the borough of Ebbfield had always been a main road and even now, despite the vast garages, the pylons and the gaily painted factory glasshouses which had sprung up beside it, there still remained an occasional trace of past cultures.
    past glories
  2. (postmodifier) Following expressions of time to indicate how long ago something happened; ago. [from 15th c.]
    • 1999, George RR Martin, A Clash of Kings, Bantam 2011, page 538:
      That had been, what, three years past?
    • 2009, John Sadler, Glencoe, Amberley 2009, page 20:
      Some four decades past, as a boy, I had a chance encounter and conversation with the late W.A. Poucher [...].
  3. Of a period of time: having just gone by; previous. [from 15th c.]
    • 2012 April 23, Angelique Chrisafis, “François Hollande on top but far right scores record result in French election”, in The Guardian[2]:
      Sarkozy's total will be seen as a personal failure. It is the first time an outgoing president has failed to win a first-round vote in the past 50 years and makes it harder for Sarkozy to regain momentum.
    during the past year
  4. (grammar) Of a tense, expressing action that has already happened or a previously-existing state. [from 18th c.]
    past tense

Synonyms

Translations

Adverb

past (comparative more past, superlative most past)

  1. In a direction that passes.
    Synonym: by
    I watched him walk past

Translations

Preposition

past

  1. Beyond in place or quantity
    the room past mine
    count past twenty
  2. (time) Any number of minutes after the last hour
    What's the time? - It's now quarter past twelve midday (or 12.15pm).
    Antonym: to
    • 2012 April 22, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0-1 West Brom”, in BBC Sport[3]:
      But they were stunned when Glen Johnson's error let in Peter Odemwingie to fire past Pepe Reina on 75 minutes.
  3. No longer capable of.
    I'm past caring what he thinks of me.
  4. Having recovered or moved on from (a traumatic experience, etc.).
  5. Passing by, especially without stopping or being delayed.
    Ignore them, we'll play past them.
    Please don't drive past the fruit stand, I want to stop there.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

past

  1. (obsolete) simple past tense and past participle of pass
    • 1632, John Vicars, The XII Aeneids of Virgil
      Great Tuscane dames, as she their towns past by, / Wisht her their daughter-in-law, but frustrately.

Related terms

Anagrams


Czech

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Noun

past f

  1. trap (a device designed to catch and sometimes kill animals)
    past na myšimousetrap
    • Trap definition
      A machine or other device designed to catch (and sometimes kill) animals, either by holding them in a container, or by catching hold of part of the body. (1 of 23 trap definitions)

Declension

Derived terms

See also

Further reading

  • past in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • past in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Anagrams


Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

past

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of passen
    • Second Person definition
      In grammar, the form of a verb used when the subject of a sentence is the audience. In English, the second person is used with the pronouns thou and you. In many languages the singular, applying to one person, and plural, applying to several people, are distinct. (1 of 2 second person definitions)
    • Third Person definition
      The words, word-forms, and grammatical structures, taken collectively, that are normally used of people or things other than the speaker or the audience. (1 of 5 third person definitions)
    • Present Tense definition
      A grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of passen
    • Plural definition
      Consisting of or containing more than one of something. (Can we add an example for this sense?) (1 of 2 plural definitions)
    • Imperative Mood definition
      The grammatical mood generally expressing a command, though also used to express a request or permission.

Anagrams


Middle French

Etymology

From Old French past, from Latin pastus (pasture).

Noun

past m (plural pasts)

  1. food, meal
    • 1537, Giles du Guez, quoting John Palsgrave (c. 1485–1554), An Introductorie for to lerne to speke Frenche trewly :
      Verité est le past de l'ame.
      Truth is the food of the soul.
    • 1583, Claude Gruget, Diverses leçons :
      Il dit aussi que les choux mangez avant le past gardent d'enyvrer.
      He also says that cabbage, when eaten before a meal, reduces how much one gets drunk.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin pastus (pasture), probably influenced by paste (dough, pastry).

Alternative forms

Noun

past m (nominative singular past)

  1. food, meal
    • ca. 1268, Étienne Boileau (ca. 1210–1270), Livre des métiers :
      Por son abuvrement et por son past.
      For him to drink and for his food.

Descendants


Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

past f

  1. genitive plural of pasta
    • Pasta definition
      Dough made from wheat and water and sometimes mixed with egg and formed into various shapes; often sold in dried form and typically boiled for eating. (1 of 3 pasta definitions)

Slovene

Pronunciation

Noun

pȃst f

  1. trap

Inflection

Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. pást
gen. sing. pastí
singular dual plural
nominative pást pastí pastí
accusative pást pastí pastí
genitive pastí pastí pastí
dative pásti pastéma pastém
locative pásti pastéh pastéh
instrumental pastjó pastéma pastmí

Verb

pȃst

  1. supine of pásti
    • Pasti definition
      pasty

Further reading

  • past”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran