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modern

Overview

This page has 17 definitions of modern with English translations in 9 languages. Modern is an adjective, noun and verb. Examples of how to use modern in a sentence are shown. Also define these 16 related words and terms: current, recent, modern period, historiography, modern, Protestantism, modernist, modernistisch, rot, molder, state-of-the-art, korszerű, terbaru, mutakhir, moder, and mor.

English

Etymology

From Middle French moderne, from Late Latin modernus; from Latin modo (just now), originally ablative of modus (measure); hence, by measure, "just now". See also mode.

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern (comparative moderner or more modern, superlative modernest or most modern)

  1. Pertaining to a current or recent time and style; not ancient.
    Our online interactive game is a modern approach to teaching about gum disease.Although it was built in the 1600s, the building still has a very modern look.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the flintlock by me for protection. ¶ There were giants in the days when that gun was made; for surely no modern mortal could have held that mass of metal steady to his shoulder. The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window [].
    • 2018, Timothy Snyder, "How Did the Nazis Gain Power in Germany?", The New York Times, June 14, 2018
      In fact, he had created the conditions for the great horror of modern times.
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55:
      The solitary, lumbering trolls of Scandinavian mythology would sometimes be turned to stone by exposure to sunlight. Barack Obama is hoping that several measures announced on June 4th will have a similarly paralysing effect on their modern incarnation, the patent troll.
  2. (historical) Pertaining to the modern period (c.1800 to contemporary times), particularly in academic historiography.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

modern (plural moderns)

  1. Someone who lives in modern times.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292:
      The only supernatural agents which can in any manner be allowed to us moderns, are ghosts; but of these I would advise an author to be extremely sparing.
    • 1779, Edward Capell, John Collins, Notes and various readings to Shakespeare
      What the moderns could mean by their suppression of the final couplet's repeatings, cannot be conceiv'd []
    • 1930, G. K. Chesterton, The Resurrection of Rome
      They at least had the immense and mighty imagination of which I speak; they could unthink the past. They could uncreate the Fall. With a reverence which moderns might think impudence, they could uncreate the Creation.
    • 1956, John Albert Wilson, The Culture of Ancient Egypt (page 144)
      Even though we moderns can never crawl inside the skin of the ancient and think and feel as he did [] we must as historians make the attempt.

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “modern”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • modern at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • modern in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • "modern" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 208.
  • modern in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • modern in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From Latin modernus.

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern (feminine moderna, masculine plural moderns, feminine plural modernes)

  1. modern

Derived terms

Further reading


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French moderne, from Latin modernus.

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern (comparative moderner, superlative modernst)

  1. modern
  2. (historical, Protestantism) modernist
    Synonym: modernistisch
    • Modernist definition
      Of, or relating to modernism.
    • Modernistisch definition
      modernist

Inflection

Inflection of modern
uninflected modern
inflected moderne
comparative moderner
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial modern moderner het modernst
het modernste
indefinite m./f. sing. moderne modernere modernste
n. sing. modern moderner modernste
plural moderne modernere modernste
definite moderne modernere modernste
partitive moderns moderners

Derived terms

Descendants


German

Etymology 1

From Moder (moldiness).

Pronunciation

Verb

modern (weak, third-person singular present modert, past tense moderte, past participle gemodert, auxiliary haben)

  1. to rot, to molder
    • Rot definition
      To suffer decomposition due to biological action, especially by fungi or bacteria. (1 of 7 rot definitions)
Conjugation

Etymology 2

From French moderne, from Latin modernus.

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern (comparative moderner, superlative am modernsten)

  1. modern
  2. state-of-the-art
Declension

Derived terms


Hungarian

Etymology

From English modern and German modern, from French moderne, from Medieval Latin modernus.[1]

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern (comparative modernebb, superlative legmodernebb)

  1. modern
    Synonym: korszerű
    • Korszerű definition
      modern, up-to-date

Declension

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative modern modernek
accusative modernet moderneket
dative modernnek moderneknek
instrumental modernnel modernekkel
causal-final modernért modernekért
translative modernné modernekké
terminative modernig modernekig
essive-formal modernként modernekként
essive-modal
inessive modernben modernekben
superessive modernen moderneken
adessive modernnél moderneknél
illative modernbe modernekbe
sublative modernre modernekre
allative modernhez modernekhez
elative modernből modernekből
delative modernről modernekről
ablative moderntől modernektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
moderné moderneké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
modernéi modernekéi

References

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading


Hunsrik

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern

  1. modern

Declension

Declension of modern
masculine feminine neuter plural
Weak inflection nominative modern modern modern moderne
accusative moderne modern modern moderne
dative moderne moderne moderne moderne
Strong inflection nominative moderner moderne modernes moderne
accusative moderne moderne modernes moderne
dative modernem moderner modernem moderne

Further reading


Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch modern, from Middle French moderne, from Latin modernus, from modo (just now), originally ablative of modus (measure); hence, by measure, "just now". Doublet of mode, model, modul, and modus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [moˈdɛr(ə̆)n]
  • Hyphenation: mo‧dèrn

Adjective

modèrn

  1. modern.
    Synonyms: terbaru, mutakhir
    • Terbaru definition
      newest

Noun

modèrn (first-person possessive modernku, second-person possessive modernmu, third-person possessive modernnya)

  1. modern.

Alternative forms

  • moden (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)
  • moderen (nonstandard Indonesian)

Derived terms

 

Related terms

Further reading


Romanian

Etymology

From French moderne.

Adjective

modern m or n (feminine singular modernă, masculine plural moderni, feminine and neuter plural moderne)

  1. modern

Declension


Swedish

Etymology 1

From French moderne, from Late Latin modernus.

Pronunciation

Adjective

modern (comparative modernare, superlative modernast)

  1. modern; pertaining to current style
Declension
Inflection of modern
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular modern modernare modernast
Neuter singular modernt modernare modernast
Plural moderna modernare modernast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 moderne modernare modernaste
All moderna modernare modernaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
Related terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of moder.

Noun

modern

  1. definite singular of moder
  2. definite singular of mor
    • Mor definition
      we (dual)

Anagrams