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major definition

Overview

This page has 57 definitions of major with English translations in 13 languages. Major is an adjective, noun and verb. Examples of how to use major in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: maior, Major, majór, and majôr

English major definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English major, from Latin maior, comparative of magnus (great, large; noble, important), from Proto-Indo-European *maǵ-yes- (greater), comparative of *maǵ-, *meǵ- (great). Compare West Frisian majoar (major), Dutch majoor (major), French majeur. Doublet of mayor.

Pronunciation

Adjective

major (comparative more major, superlative most major)

  1. (attributive):
    1. Greater in dignity, rank, importance, significance, or interest.
    2. Greater in number, quantity, or extent.
      the major part of the assembly
      Synonym: main
    3. Notable or conspicuous in effect or scope.
      Synonym: considerable
    4. Prominent or significant in size, amount, or degree.
      to earn some major cash
    5. (medicine) Involving great risk, serious, life-threatening.
      to suffer from a major illness
  2. Of full legal age, having attained majority.
    major children
  3. (education) Of or relating to a subject of academic study chosen as a field of specialization.
  4. (music):
    1. (of a scale) Having intervals of a semitone between the third and fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees.
      major scale
    2. (of an interval) Equivalent to that between the tonic and another note of a major scale, and greater by a semitone than the corresponding minor interval.
      major third
      1. Having a major third above the root.
        major triad
    3. (postpositive) (of a key) Based on a major scale, tending to produce a bright or joyful effect.
    4. (campanology) Bell changes rung on eight bells.
  5. (Britain, dated) Indicating the elder of two brothers, appended to a surname in public schools.
  6. (logic)
    1. (of a term) Occurring as the predicate in the conclusion of a categorical syllogism.
    2. (of a premise) Containing the major term in a categorical syllogism.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

 

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

major (plural majors)

  1. (military) A rank of officer in the army and the US air force, between captain and lieutenant colonel.
    He used to be a major in the army.
    1. An officer in charge of a section of band instruments, used with a modifier.
      Meronyms: drum major, trumpet major
  2. A person of legal age.
    Antonym: minor
  3. (music):
    1. Ellipsis of major key.
    2. Ellipsis of major interval.
    3. Ellipsis of major scale.
    4. (campanology) A system of change-ringing using eight bells.
  4. A large, commercially successful company, especially a record label that is bigger than an indie.
    • 1997, Dominic Pride, “U.S. success caps global impact of XL's prodigy”, in Billboard[2], volume 109, number 30, page 86:
      At the end of last year, the band re-signed to XL for another three albums, despite being chased by majors that included Island, says manager Mike Champion of Midi Management.
  5. (Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand) The principal subject or course of a student working toward a degree at a college or university.
    Midway through his second year of college, he still hadn't chosen a major.
    Synonym: (UK) course
    1. A student at a college or university specializing on a given area of study.
      She is a math major.
  6. (logic):
    1. Ellipsis of major term.
    2. Ellipsis of major premise.
  7. (bridge) Ellipsis of major suit.
  8. (Canadian football) A touchdown, or major score.
  9. (Australian rules football) A goal.
  10. (British slang, dated) An elder brother (especially at a public school).
  11. (entomology) A large leaf-cutter ant that acts as a soldier, defending the nest.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

major (third-person singular simple present majors, present participle majoring, simple past and past participle majored)

  1. (intransitive) Used in a phrasal verb: major in.

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References

Anagrams


Catalan major definition

Etymology

From Latin maior.

Pronunciation

Adjective

major (masculine and feminine plural majors)

  1. larger (superlative: el major / la majorlargest)
  2. older (superlative: el major / la majoroldest)
  3. main, principal
  4. (music) major

Derived terms

Related terms

Noun

major m (plural majors)

  1. (military) major

Noun

major m or f (plural majors)

  1. of age, adult

Further reading


Czech major definition

Noun

major m

  1. major (military)

Declension

Further reading

  • major in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • major in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Estonian major definition

Etymology

Borrowed from German Major, from Spanish, from Latin maior.

Noun

major (genitive majori, partitive majorit)

  1. major (rank)

Declension

Derived terms


French major definition

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin maior. Doublet of maire and majeur.

  • (France): French military authorities created in 1972 the rank of major (non-commissioned officer), which can easily be confused with the rank of major (officer) used in many countries, creating problems when communicating with allied forces.
  • (Canada): English major. From the British traditional army military rank structure.

Pronunciation

Noun

major m (plural majors)

  1. (military, France) major, the upper rank of French non-commissioned officers
  2. (military, Canada) major, the commissioned field officer rank

Derived terms

Coordinate terms

  • capitaine de corvette (capc) (equivalent naval rank to the commissioned field officer rank)

Further reading


Hungarian major definition

Etymology

From Bavarian [Term?], compare Middle High German meier, Old High German meior, meiū̌r, standard German Meier (administrator or leaseholder of a manor); ultimately from Latin maior (greater; leader). The semantic shift from the person to the place is unclear; either via their identification, or by a clipping of a derivation like majorság, majorház, majorszoba.[1] The German equivalent terms for the place are Meierhof and Meierei (feudal manor).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈmɒjor]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧jor
  • Rhymes: -or

Noun

major (plural majorok)

  1. farm

Declension

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative major majorok
accusative majort majorokat
dative majornak majoroknak
instrumental majorral majorokkal
causal-final majorért majorokért
translative majorrá majorokká
terminative majorig majorokig
essive-formal majorként majorokként
essive-modal
inessive majorban majorokban
superessive majoron majorokon
adessive majornál majoroknál
illative majorba majorokba
sublative majorra majorokra
allative majorhoz majorokhoz
elative majorból majorokból
delative majorról majorokról
ablative majortól majoroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
majoré majoroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
majoréi majorokéi
Possessive forms of major
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. majorom majorjaim
2nd person sing. majorod majorjaid
3rd person sing. majorja majorjai
1st person plural majorunk majorjaink
2nd person plural majorotok majorjaitok
3rd person plural majorjuk majorjaik

Derived terms

  • majoros
  • majorság
 

References

  1. ^ Benkő, Loránd, ed. A magyar nyelv történeti-etimológiai szótára I–IV. (“The Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Hungarian Language”). Budapest: Akadémiai, 1967–1984. →ISBN. Vol. 1: A–Gy (1967), vol. 2: H–O (1970), vol. 3: Ö–Zs (1976), vol. 4: index (1984).

Further reading

  • (farm): major in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([archaic] major [military rank]): major , redirecting to its synonym őrnagy in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Interlingua major definition

Pronunciation

Adjective

major (not comparable)

  1. (comparative degree of grande) bigger

Latin major definition

Pronunciation

Adjective

major (neuter majus, positive magnus); third declension

  1. Alternative spelling of maior.

Inflection

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative major majus majōrēs majōra
Genitive majōris majōrum
Dative majōrī majōribus
Accusative majōrem majus majōrēs majōra
Ablative majōre majōribus
Vocative major majus majōrēs majōra

References


Polish major definition

Pronunciation

Noun

major m pers (abbreviation mjr)

  1. major (military rank)

Declension

Further reading

  • major in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese major definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin maior. Doublet of maior

Pronunciation

 
  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /maˈʒoʁ/, [maˈʒoh]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /maˈʒoɾ/, [maˈʒoɾ]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /maˈʒoʁ/, [maˈʒoχ]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /mɐˈʒoɾ/, [mɐˈʒoɾ]

Noun

major m (plural majores)

  1. (military) major (military rank)

Romanian major definition

Etymology

From French majeur.

Adjective

major m or n (feminine singular majoră, masculine plural majori, feminine and neuter plural majore)

  1. major

Declension


Serbo-Croatian major definition

Etymology

From German Major, from Latin māior.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mǎjoːr/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧jor

Noun

màjōr m (Cyrillic spelling ма̀јо̄р)

  1. (military, Serbo-Croatian, Serbo-Croatian) major (rank)

Declension

Synonyms


Swedish major definition

Pronunciation

Noun

major c

  1. a major[1]
  2. a Squadron Leader[1] (in the British Royal Air Force)

Declension

Declension of major 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative major majoren majorer majorerna
Genitive majors majorens majorers majorernas

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Utrikes namnbok (7th ed., 2007) →ISBN