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lexicon

Overview

This page has 9 definitions of lexicon in English, Dutch, Flemish, and Latin. Lexicon is a noun. Examples of how to use lexicon in a sentence are shown. Also define these 17 related words and terms: vocabulary, language, word-hoard, word-stock, linguistics, dictionary, lexeme, wordbook, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Aramaic, programming, lexicology, programming language, know, and lexicon.

See also: léxicon

English

Etymology

Through Middle French or directly from New Latin lexicon, from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon, a dictionary), ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally a book of words), from λεξικός (lexikós, of words), from λέξις (léxis, a saying, speech, word), from λέγω (légō, to speak), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect).

Attested at least since 1583 (in William Fulke's A Defense of the Sincere and True Translations of the Holy Scriptures into the English tongue) in the sense 'a dictionary of a classical language'.

Pronunciation

Noun

lexicon (plural lexica or lexicons)

  1. The vocabulary of a language.
    Synonyms: word-hoard, word-stock
    • Word-Hoard definition
      Vocabulary; the totality of words of a language or a person.
  2. (linguistics) A dictionary that includes or focuses on lexemes.
    Synonym: wordbook
    • Linguistics definition
      The scientific study of language.
    • Lexeme definition
      A unit of lexical meaning, roughly corresponding to the set of inflected forms taken by a single word, so for example the lexeme run includes as members "run" (lemma), "running" (inflected form), and "ran", but excludes "runner" (a derived term). (1 of 2 lexeme definitions)
  3. A dictionary of Classical Greek, Hebrew, Latin, or Aramaic.
  4. (programming) The lexicology of a programming language. (Usually called lexical structure.)
    • Programming Language definition
      Code of reserved words and symbols used in computer programs, which give instructions to the computer on how to accomplish certain computing tasks.
  5. (rare) Any dictionary.
  6. The vocabulary used by or known to an individual. (Also called lexical knowledge)
  7. A vocabulary specific to a certain subject.
    a baseball lexicon

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading


Dutch

Etymology

From New Latin lexicon, from Ancient Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon), neuter of λεξικός (lexikós, of words).

Pronunciation

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lexi‧con

Noun

lexicon n (plural lexicons or lexica, diminutive lexiconnetje n)

  1. (clarification of this definition is needed) lexicon

Further reading


Latin

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon), which is an ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally a book of words), from λεξικός (lexikós, of words), from λέξις (léxis, a saying, speech, word), from λέγω (légō, to speak), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect).

Attested at least since Girolamo Aleandro's Lexicon graeco-latinum, multis et praeclaris additionibus locupletatum (1512).

Pronunciation

Noun

lexicon n (genitive lexicī); second declension

  1. (New Latin) a dictionary, a lexicon

Declension

Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lexicon lexica
Genitive lexicī lexicōrum
Dative lexicō lexicīs
Accusative lexicon lexica
Ablative lexicō lexicīs
Vocative lexicon lexica

Descendants

References