This page has 9 definitions of lexicon in English, Dutch, Flemish, and Latin. Lexicon is a noun. Examples of how to use lexicon in a sentence are shown. Also define these 17 related words and terms: vocabulary, language, word-hoard, word-stock, linguistics, dictionary, lexeme, wordbook, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Aramaic, programming, lexicology, programming language, know, and lexicon.
Through Middle French or directly from New Latin lexicon, from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, “a lexicon, a dictionary”), ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally “a book of words”), from λεξικός (lexikós, “of words”), from λέξις (léxis, “a saying, speech, word”), from λέγω (légō, “to speak”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (“to gather, collect”).
Attested at least since 1583 (in William Fulke's A Defense of the Sincere and True Translations of the Holy Scriptures into the English tongue) in the sense 'a dictionary of a classical language'.
- The vocabulary of a language.
Word-Hoard definitionVocabulary; the totality of words of a language or a person.
- (linguistics) A dictionary that includes or focuses on lexemes.
- Synonym: wordbook
Linguistics definitionThe scientific study of language.
- A dictionary of Classical Greek, Hebrew, Latin, or Aramaic.
Aramaic definitionA subfamily of languages in the Northwest Semitic language group including (but not limited to):
- The language of the Aramaeans from the tenth century BC: often called Old Aramaic.
- The language of the administration in the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires from the seventh to fourth centuries BC: often called Imperial Aramaic or Official Aramaic.
- The language of portions of the Hebrew Bible, mainly the books of Ezra and Daniel: often called Biblical Aramaic.
- The language of Jesus of Nazareth: a form of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic or Galilean Aramaic.
- The language of Jewish targums, Midrash and the Talmuds, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic.
- The liturgical language of various Christian churches: often called Syriac.
- The liturgical language of the Mandaeans: usually called Mandaic.
- Any language of this family today called Neo-Aramaic, and separated by religion also Judeo-Aramaic and Syriac
- (programming) The lexicology of a programming language. (Usually called lexical structure.)
- (rare) Any dictionary.
- The vocabulary used by or known to an individual. (Also called lexical knowledge)
- A vocabulary specific to a certain subject.
- a baseball lexicon
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- lexicon in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- lexicon in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.
- Hyphenation: lexi‧con
- (clarification of this definition is needed) lexicon
Learned borrowing from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, “a lexicon”), which is an ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally “a book of words”), from λεξικός (lexikós, “of words”), from λέξις (léxis, “a saying, speech, word”), from λέγω (légō, “to speak”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (“to gather, collect”).
Attested at least since Girolamo Aleandro's Lexicon graeco-latinum, multis et praeclaris additionibus locupletatum (1512).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈlek.si.kon/, [ˈlɛk.sɪ.kɔn]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈlek.si.kon/, [ˈlɛk.si.kɔn]
Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).
- → Dutch: lexicon m
- → German: Lexikon, Lexicon
- → Middle French: lexicon m
- lexicon in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- lexicon in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016