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kind definition

Overview

This page has 28 definitions of kind with English translations in 7 languages. Kind is a noun and adjective. Examples of how to use kind in a sentence are shown. Also define these 51 related words and terms: type, race, category, makeshift, atypical, nature, character, family, lineage, manner, barter, means, response, Christianity, element, communion, bread, wine, benevolent, courteous, friendly, generous, gentle, liberal, sympathetic, warm-hearted, disposition, consideration, service, affectionate, favorable, mild, tractable, easily, governed, child, cheek, kid, descendant, afstammeling, telg, product, kin, sheep, ewe, girl, woman, cradle, creature, being, and anatomy.

See also: Kind and -kind

English kind definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English kynde, kunde, cunde, icunde, from Old English cynd (generation, kind, nature, race), ġecynd, from Proto-Germanic *kundiz, *gakundiz, related to *kunją. Cognate with Icelandic kind (race, species, kind). Doublet of gens, genesis, and jati. See also kin.

Alternative forms

Noun

kind (plural kinds)

  1. A type, race or category; a group of entities that have common characteristics such that they may be grouped together.
    What kind of a person are you?
    This is a strange kind of tobacco.
  2. A makeshift or otherwise atypical specimen.
    The opening served as a kind of window.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VIII
      I got my traps out of the canoe and made me a nice camp in the thick woods. I made a kind of a tent out of my blankets to put my things under so the rain couldn't get at them.
  3. (archaic) One's inherent nature; character, natural disposition.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, “vij”, in Le Morte Darthur, book III:
      And whan he cam ageyne he sayd / O my whyte herte / me repenteth that thow art dede / [] / and thy deth shalle be dere bought and I lyue / and anone he wente in to his chamber and armed hym / and came oute fyersly / & there mette he with syr gauayne / why haue ye slayne my houndes said syr gauayn / for they dyd but their kynde
  4. (archaic) Family, lineage.
    • "She Moved through the Fair" (traditional Irish folk song)
      My young love said to me, My mother won’t mind
      And my father won’t slight you for your lack of kind.
  5. (archaic) Manner.
  6. Goods or services used as payment, as e.g. in barter.
    • 1691, John Dryden, Prologue to King Arthur
      Some of you, on pure instinct of nature, / Are led by kind t'admire your fellow-creature.
  7. Equivalent means used as response to an action.
    I'll pay in kind for his insult.
  8. (Christianity) Each of the two elements of the communion service, bread and wine.
Usage notes

In sense “goods or services” or “equivalent means”, used almost exclusively with “in” in expression in kind.

Synonyms
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(1) and/or (2)

Derived terms
 
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2

From Middle English kinde, kunde, kende, from Old English cynde, ġecynde (innate, natural, native), from Old English cynd, ġecynd (nature, kind).

Alternative forms

Adjective

kind (comparative kinder, superlative kindest)

  1. Having a benevolent, courteous, friendly, generous, gentle, liberal, sympathetic, or warm-hearted nature or disposition, marked by consideration for – and service to – others.
    • Disposition definition
      The way in which something or someone is disposed or disposed of (in any sense of those terms); thus:
      1. Control over something, or the results produced by the exercise of such control; thus:
        1. The arrangement or placement of certain things. (1 of 10 disposition definitions)
  2. Affectionate.
    a kind man; a kind heart
  3. Favorable.
    • Favorable definition
      Alternative form of favourable
  4. Mild, gentle, forgiving
    The years have been kind to Richard Gere; he ages well.
  5. Gentle; tractable; easily governed.
    a horse kind in harness
    • Tractable definition
      Capable of being easily led, taught, or managed. (1 of 6 tractable definitions)
    • Governed definition
      simple past tense and past participle of govern
  6. (obsolete) Characteristic of the species; belonging to one's nature; natural; native.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
Synonyms
Derived terms
terms derived from kind (adjective)
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading

Anagrams


Afrikaans kind definition

Etymology

From Dutch kind, from Middle Dutch kint, from Old Dutch kint, from Proto-Germanic *kindą (offspring), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁tóm.

Pronunciation

Noun

kind (plural kinders)

  1. child

Anagrams


Danish kind definition

Etymology

From Old Norse kinn, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu- (cheek). Compare Swedish kind, Norwegian and Icelandic kinn, Low German and German Kinn, Dutch kin, English chin.

Pronunciation

Noun

kind c (singular definite kinden, plural indefinite kinder)

  1. cheek
    • Cheek definition
      The soft skin on each side of the face, below the eyes; the outer surface of the sides of the oral cavity. (1 of 9 cheek definitions)

Inflection


Dutch kind definition

Etymology

From Middle Dutch kint, from Old Dutch kint, from Proto-West Germanic *kind (offspring), from Proto-Germanic *kindą (offspring), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁tóm (that which is produced, that which is given birth to), related to *ǵn̥h₁tós (produced, given birth), from *ǵenh₁- (to produce, to give birth).

Pronunciation

Noun

kind n (plural kinderen or kinders, diminutive kindje n or kindertje n or kindeken n or kindelijn n)

  1. child, kid, non-adult human
    Lieve kinderen, wij missen jullie. (typical paedagogical window message during COVID-19 measures)
    Dear children, we miss you.
  2. descendant, still a minor or irrespective of age
    In sommige patriarchale tradities blijven kinderen levenslang onvoorwaardelijk onderworpen aan het vaderlijk gezag, zoals aanvankelijk in het Oude Rome, in andere houdt een zoon op kind te zijn door zijn eigen gezin te stichten
    In certain patriarchal traditions, children remain subject to unconditional paternal authority for life, as originally in Ancient Rome, in other ones a son ceases to be a child by founding his own family
    Synonyms: afstammeling, telg
    • Afstammeling definition
      descendant
    • Telg definition
      scion, child
  3. (figuratively) product of influence, breeding etc.

Usage notes

  • The normal plural is kinderen. The form kinders is heard colloquially, often also humorously.
  • In compounds, the word can take the form kinder- or kind- as a tail. The former is used more often, however.
  • The dimunitive kindelijn is now archaic, but can still be found in some fossilized songs and religious texts.

Derived terms

See also

Descendants


Icelandic kind definition

Etymology

From Old Norse kind, from Proto-Germanic *kinþiz, cognate with Latin gēns (clan, tribe). The sense of “sheep” is derived from the compound sauðkind, literally “sheep-kind”.

Pronunciation

Noun

kind f

  1. (obsolete) race, kind, kin
  2. a sheep (especially a ewe)
  3. (dated) used as a term of disparagement for a girl (or woman)

Declension

Synonyms

Derived terms


Norwegian Nynorsk kind definition

Etymology

From Old Norse kind f, from Proto-Germanic *kinþiz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis. Akin to English kind.

Noun

kind m (definite singular kinden, indefinite plural kindar, definite plural kindane)
kind n (definite singular kindet, indefinite plural kind, definite plural kinda)

  1. a child in a cradle

References


Old Norse kind definition

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *kinþiz. Compare Latin gēns (clan, tribe).

Noun

kind f (genitive kindar, plural kindir or kindr)

  1. race, kind, kin
  2. creature, being

Declension

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • kind in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon kind definition

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *kind (child).

Noun

kind n

  1. child

Declension



Descendants

  • Middle Low German: kind, kint, kynd
    • Dutch Low Saxon: kind, kiend, keend
    • German Low German: Kind
    • Old Frisian: kind
      • West Frisian: kyn

Swedish kind definition

Etymology

From Old Norse kinn, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu- (cheek). Compare Danish kind, Norwegian and Icelandic kinn, German Kinn, Dutch kin, English chin.

Pronunciation

Noun

kind c

  1. (anatomy) cheek; a part of the face.

Declension

Declension of kind 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kind kinden kinder kinderna
Genitive kinds kindens kinders kindernas

Zealandic kind definition

Etymology

From Middle Dutch kint

Noun

kind n (plural kinders)

  1. child