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instrument definition

Overview

This page has 30 definitions of instrument with English translations in 8 languages. Instrument is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use instrument in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: Instrument

English instrument definition

Etymology

From Middle English instrument, from Old French instrument, from Latin īnstrūmentum (an implement, tool), suffix -mentum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪnstɹəmənt/, /ˈɪnstɹʊmənt/
  • Hyphenation: in‧stru‧ment
  • (file)

Noun

instrument (plural instruments)

  1. A device used to produce music.
    The violinist was a master of her instrument.
    • 1568, William Cornishe [i.e., William Cornysh], “In the Fleete Made by Me William Cornishe otherwise Called Nyshwhete Chapelman with the Most Famose and Noble Kyng Henry the VII. His Reygne the XIX. Yere the Moneth of July. A Treatise betwene Trouth, and Information.”, in John Skelton; J[ohn] S[tow], editor, Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate, Imprinted at London: In Fletestreate, neare vnto Saint Dunstones Churche by Thomas Marshe, OCLC 54747393; republished as Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate to King Henry the VIIIth, London: Printed for C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, 1736, OCLC 731569711, page 290:
      The Harpe. [] A harper with his wreſt maye tune the harpe wrong / Mys tunying of an Inſtrument ſhal hurt a true ſonge
  2. A means or agency for achieving an effect.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, in The Tremarn Case[1]:
      “There the cause of death was soon ascertained ; the victim of this daring outrage had been stabbed to death from ear to ear with a long, sharp instrument, in shape like an antique stiletto, which […] was subsequently found under the cushions of the hansom. […]”
  3. A measuring or displaying device.
    The instrument detected an increase in radioactivity.
  4. A tool, implement used for manipulation or measurement.
    The dentist set down his tray of instruments.
    The scientist recorded the temperature with a thermometer but wished he had a more accurate instrument.
  5. (law) A legal document, such as a contract, deed, trust, mortgage, power, indenture, or will.
    A bond indenture is the instrument that gives a bond its value.
    Negotiable instruments are the foundation of the debt markets.
  6. (figuratively) A person used as a mere tool for achieving a goal.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

instrument (third-person singular simple present instruments, present participle instrumenting, simple past and past participle instrumented)

  1. (transitive) To apply measuring devices.
  2. (transitive) To devise, conceive, cook up, plan.
  3. To perform upon an instrument; to prepare for an instrument.
    a sonata instrumented for orchestra

Synonyms

  • (to apply measuring devices): measure, supervise
  • (to devise, conceive):
  • (to perform on an instrument): play
  • (to prepare for an instrument): arrange

Adjective

instrument (not comparable)

  1. (aviation) Flown by reference to an aircraft's cockpit-mounted flight instruments, rather than by using visual landmarks as a guide.

See also

Anagrams


Catalan instrument definition

Etymology

From Latin īnstrūmentum.

Pronunciation

Noun

instrument m (plural instruments)

  1. instrument (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


Dutch instrument definition

Etymology

From Middle Dutch instrument, from Old French instrument, from Latin īnstrūmentum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɪn.stryˈmɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: in‧stru‧ment
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun

instrument n (plural instrumenten, diminutive instrumentje n)

  1. instrument
  2. (music) musical instrument
    Synonyms: muziekinstrument, speeltuig

Derived terms


French instrument definition

Etymology

From Middle French instrument, from Old French instrument, from Latin īnstrūmentum.

Pronunciation

Noun

instrument m (plural instruments)

  1. instrument (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms

Further reading


Middle English instrument definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French instrument, from Latin instrūmentum (tool, device).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /inˈstriu̯mɛnt/, /ˈinstrumɛnt/

Noun

instrument (plural instrumentes)

  1. A tool or device used for manipulation, especially for medical and scientific uses.
  2. A device used to produce music; a musical instrument.
  3. A piece of weaponry (such as a siege engine).
  4. A legal document, such as a contract, deed or will.
  5. The means by which one reaches an end or effect.
  6. A body part that performs a certain function; an organ.
  7. The human body as a whole
  8. One of the five senses.

Synonyms

Related terms

Descendants

References


Middle French instrument definition

Noun

instrument m (plural instrumens)

  1. (musical) instrument
  2. instrument (device, often mechanical)

Norwegian Bokmål instrument definition

Noun

instrument n (definite singular instrumentet, indefinite plural instrument or instrumenter, definite plural instrumenta or instrumentene)

  1. an instrument

Derived terms


Norwegian Nynorsk instrument definition

Noun

instrument n (definite singular instrumentet, indefinite plural instrument, definite plural instrumenta)

  1. an instrument

Derived terms


Polish instrument definition

Etymology

From Latin īnstrūmentum ("an implement, tool").

Pronunciation

Noun

instrument m inan

  1. instrument

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading


Romanian instrument definition

Etymology

From French instrument, from Latin instrumentum.

Noun

instrument n (plural instrumente)

  1. instrument

Declension


Swedish instrument definition

Pronunciation

Noun

instrument n

  1. an instrument (of music, for measurement, method, tool, or financial contract), a device

Declension

Declension of instrument 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative instrument instrumentet instrument instrumenten
Genitive instruments instrumentets instruments instrumentens

Related terms


Zoogocho Zapotec instrument definition

Alternative forms

  • stroment

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish instrumento.

Noun

instrument

  1. musical instrument

References

  • Long C., Rebecca; Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[2] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 236