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hurt

Overview

This page has 17 definitions of hurt in English, German, and Polish. Hurt is a verb, an adjective and noun. Examples of how to use hurt in a sentence are shown. Also define these 28 related words and terms: cause, pain, injury, painful, damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede, source code, wounded, injured, pained, humiliation, experience, bodily, wound, bruise, detriment, heraldry, roundel, azure, engineering, helve, trunnion, husk, huren, and wholesale.

See also: Hurt and húrt

English

Etymology

From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter ("to ram into, strike, collide with"; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hȳrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Middle High German hurten (to push, bump, attack, storm, invade), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag),[1] from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.

Pronunciation

Verb

hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (a person or animal) physical pain and/or injury.
    If anybody hurts my little brother, I will get upset.
    This injection might hurt a little.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
    He was deeply hurt he hadn’t been invited.
    The insult hurt.
  3. (intransitive) To be painful.
    Does your leg still hurt? / It is starting to feel better.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede.
    This latest gaffe hurts the legislator’s reelection prospects still further.
    Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
    Every little hurts.
    • Undermine definition
      To dig underneath (something), to make a passage for destructive or military purposes; to sap. (1 of 3 undermine definitions)
    • Impede definition
      To get in the way of; to hinder.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Adjective

hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
    • Wounded definition
      simple past tense and past participle of wound
    • Injured definition
      simple past tense and past participle of injure
  2. Pained.

Synonyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
    • Experience definition
      The effect upon the judgment or feelings produced by any event, whether witnessed or participated in; personal and direct impressions as contrasted with description or fancies; personal acquaintance; actual enjoyment or suffering. (1 of 5 experience definitions)
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
      I have received a hurt.
    • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “7. Century.”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      The cause is a temperate conglutination ; for both bodies are clammy and viscous , and do bridle the deflux of humours to the hurts , without penning them in too much
    • 1693, [John Locke], “§107”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: [] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, [], OCLC 1161614482:
      The pains of sickness and hurts [] all men feel.
    • Bruise definition
      To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it. (1 of 6 bruise definitions)
  3. (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
    • Azure definition
      The clear blue colour of the sky; also, a pigment or dye of this colour. (1 of 6 azure definitions)
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.
    • Husk definition
      The dry, leafy or stringy exterior of certain vegetables or fruits, which must be removed before eating the meat inside (1 of 3 husk definitions)

Translations

Related terms

References

  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, Encyclopeida of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "horn" (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1999), 273.

Anagrams


German

Verb

hurt

  1. inflection of huren:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person plural present
    3. plural imperative
    • Huren definition
      to rent, hire

Polish

Etymology

From Middle High German hurt.

Pronunciation

Noun

hurt m inan

  1. wholesale

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN