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hull

Overview

This page has 14 definitions of hull with English translations in 4 languages. Hull is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use hull in a sentence are shown. Also define these 26 related words and terms: covering, fruit, seed, remove, vessel, ship, plane, mathematics, geometry, smallest, set, convexity, contain, intersection, subset, nautical, drift, hit, crazy, mad, fall, flow, fall out, die, hole, and hulle.

See also: Hull and hüll

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English hul, hulle, holle (seed covering, hull of a ship), from Old English hulu (seed covering), from Proto-Germanic *hul- (compare Dutch hul (hood), German Hülle, Hülse (cover, veil)), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide); or possibly from Proto-Indo-European *kal- (hard) (compare Old Irish calad, calath (hard), Latin callus, callum (rough skin), Old Church Slavonic калити (kaliti, to cool, harden)). For the sense development, compare French coque (nutshell; ship's hull), Ancient Greek φάσηλος (phásēlos, bean pod; yacht).

Noun

hull (plural hulls)

  1. The outer covering of a fruit or seed.
    • Fruit definition
      In general, a product of plant growth useful to man or animals. (1 of 9 fruit definitions)
  2. Any covering.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

hull (third-person singular simple present hulls, present participle hulling, simple past and past participle hulled)

  1. To remove the outer covering of a fruit or seed.
    She sat on the back porch hulling peanuts.
Synonyms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English holle, hoole (hull, hold of a ship, ship), of uncertain origin. Possibly a variant and special use of Etymology 1 above, conformed to hull. Alternatively, a variant of Middle English hole, hoole, holle (hiding place, lair, den, shelter, compartment, literally hole, hollow), related to Middle Dutch and Dutch hol (hole, ship's cargo hold). More at hole.

Noun

hull (plural hulls)

  1. The body or frame of a vessel, such as a ship or plane.
    • 1667, John Dryden, Annus Mirabilis, Quatrain 60, 1808, The Works of John Dryden, Volume 9, page 115,
      Deep in their hulls our deadly bullets light, / And through the yielding planks a passage find.
    • Plane definition
      Of a surface: flat or level.
  2. (mathematics, geometry, of a set A) The smallest set that possesses a particular property (such as convexity) and contains every point of A; slightly more formally, the intersection of all sets which possess the specified property and of which A is a subset.
    The orthogonal convex hull of an orthogonal polygon is the smallest orthogonally convex polygon that encloses the original polygon.
    holomorphically convex hull; affine hull; injective hull

Synonyms

  • (frame of a vessel): fuselage (of a winged aircraft)
  • (smallest set containing a given set of points): span

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

hull (third-person singular simple present hulls, present participle hulling, simple past and past participle hulled)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive, nautical) To drift; to be carried by the impetus of wind or water on the ship's hull alone, with sails furled.
    • Drift definition
      Movement; that which moves or is moved.
      1. Anything driven at random.
      2. A mass of matter which has been driven or forced onward together in a body, or thrown together in a heap, etc., especially by wind or water. (1 of 30 drift definitions)
  2. (transitive) To hit (a ship) in the hull with cannon fire etc.
    • 1774, George Shelvocke, The Voyage of Captain Shelvock Round the World in David Henry (ed.), An Historical Account of All the Voyages Round the World, Performed by English Navigators, London: F. Newbery, Volume 2, p. 163,[3]
      During this action, we had not a man killed or wounded, although the enemy often hulled us, and once, in particular, a shot coming into one of our ports, dismounted one of our guns between decks []
    • Hit definition
      To strike.
      1. To administer a blow to, directly or with a weapon or missile. (1 of 24 hit definitions)

Estonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *hullu. Cognate to Finnish hullu and Livonian ull.

Adjective

hull (genitive hullu, partitive hullu)

  1. crazy, mad

Declension


Hungarian

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Verb

hull

  1. (intransitive) to fall
    Hull a hó.It's snowing. (literally, “The snow is falling.”)
    térdre hullto fall on one's knees
    • Fall definition
      To be moved downwards.
      1. To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity. (1 of 26 fall definitions)
  2. (intransitive, of tears) to flow
    • Flow definition
      A movement in people or things with a particular way in large numbers or amounts (1 of 11 flow definitions)
  3. (intransitive, of hair) to fall out
  4. (intransitive) to die (in large quantities)
    Hullanak, mint a legyek.They are dying off like flies.

Conjugation

or

Derived terms

(With verbal prefixes):

  • aláhull
  • áthull
  • behull
  • belehull
  • elhull
  • kihull
  • lehull
  • ráhull
  • széthull
  • visszahull

Further reading

  • hull in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse hól

Alternative forms

Noun

hull n (definite singular hullet, indefinite plural hull or huller, definite plural hulla or hullene)

  1. a hole
    • Hole definition
      A hollow place or cavity; an excavation; a pit; an opening in or through a solid body, a fabric, etc.; a perforation; a rent; a fissure. (1 of 21 hole definitions)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

hull

  1. imperative of hulle
    • Hulle definition
      they; them

See also

References