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host definition

Overview

This page has 28 definitions of host with English translations in 7 languages. Host is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use host in a sentence are shown. Also define these 53 related words and terms: guest, run, event, moderator, master of ceremonies, performance, computing, Internet, network, ecology, cell, organism, harbor, parasite, genetics, genetic, paid, male, companion, conversation, sex, bar, Japan, lodge, inn, software, remote, process, multitude, array, army, inventory, Christianity, consecrated, bread, wafer, Eucharist, troops, host, second person, third person, singular, present tense, indicative mood, hossen, plural, imperative mood, cough, expulsion, hoste, hosta, networking, and anfitrión.

See also: Host, höst, hőst, høst, and hosť

English host definition

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English hoste, from Old French oste (French: hôte), from Latin hospitem, accusative of hospes (a host, also a sojourner, visitor, guest; hence, a foreigner, a stranger), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰostipotis (master of guests), from *gʰóstis (stranger, guest, enemy) and *pótis (owner, master, host, husband). Used in English since 13th century. Doublet of guest.

Noun

host (plural hosts, feminine hostess)

  1. One which receives or entertains a guest, socially, commercially, or officially.
    A good host is always considerate of the guest’s needs.
  2. One that provides a facility for an event.
  3. A person or organization responsible for running an event.
    Our company is host of the annual conference this year.
    • Run definition
      To move swiftly.
      1. To move forward quickly upon two feet by alternately making a short jump off either foot. (1 of 59 run definitions)
  4. A moderator or master of ceremonies for a performance.
    The host was terrible, but the acts themselves were good.
  5. (computing, Internet) Any computer attached to a network.
    • Internet definition
      The specific internet consisting of a global network of computers that communicate using Internet Protocol (IP) and that use Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to identify the best paths to route those communications.
  6. (ecology) A cell or organism which harbors another organism or biological entity, usually a parasite.
    • 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193:
      A recent study explored the ecological variables that may contribute to bats’ propensity to harbor such zoonotic diseases by comparing them with another order of common reservoir hosts: rodents.
    Viruses depend on the host that they infect in order to be able to reproduce.
    • Parasite definition
      A person who lives on other people's efforts or expense and gives little or nothing back. (1 of 6 parasite definitions)
  7. (evolution, genetics) An organism bearing certain genetic material.
    The so-called junk DNA is known, so far, to provide no apparent benefit to its host.
  8. A paid male companion offering conversation and in some cases sex, as in certain types of bar in Japan.
    • Paid definition
      simple past tense and past participle of pay
    • Male definition
      Belonging to the sex which typically produces sperm, or to the gender which is typically associated with it. (1 of 5 male definitions)

Hyponyms

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms
Translations

Verb

host (third-person singular simple present hosts, present participle hosting, simple past and past participle hosted)

  1. To perform the role of a host.
    Our company will host the annual conference this year.
    I was terrible at hosting that show.
    I’ll be hosting tonight. I hope I’m not terrible.
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To lodge at an inn.
  3. (computing, Internet) To run software made available to a remote user or process.
    • 1987 May 7, Selden E. Ball, Jr., Re: Ethernet Terminal Concentrators, comp.protocols.tcp-ip, Usenet
      CMU/TEK TCP/IP software uses an excessive amount of cpu resources for terminal support both outbound, when accessing another system, and inbound, when the local system is hosting a session.
    Kremvax hosts a variety of services.
Translations

See also

Etymology 2

From Middle English oost, borrowed from Old French ost, oste, hoste, from Latin hostis (foreign enemy) (as opposed to inimicus (personal enemy)); cognate with etymology 1 through an Indo-European root.

Noun

host (plural hosts)

  1. A multitude of people arrayed as an army; used also in religious senses, as: Heavenly host (of angels)
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, book 3, ch. X, Plugson of Undershot
      Why, Plugson, even thy own host is all in mutiny: Cotton is conquered; but the ‘bare backs’ — are worse covered than ever!
    • 1955, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Return of the King, book 2, chapter 4, The Field of Cormallen
      All about the hosts of Mordor raged.
    • 2001, Carlos Parada, Hesione 2, Greek Mythology Link
      the invading host that had sailed from Hellas in more than one thousand ships was of an unprecedented size.
    • Army definition
      A large, highly organized military force, concerned mainly with ground (rather than air or naval) operations. (1 of 7 army definitions)
  2. A large number of items; a large inventory.
    The dealer stocks a host of parts for my Model A.
    • 1802, William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
      I wandered lonely as a cloud
      That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
      When all at once I saw a crowd,
      A host, of golden daffodils; []
    • 1836, The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction
      A short time since, some friends drinking tea one summer evening at their residence near Maidenhead, with all the windows of the drawing-room open, there suddenly burst in a host of small flies, which covered the table and the furniture []
    • 2018 June 18, Phil McNulty, “Tunisia 1 – 2 England”, in BBC Sport[1], archived from the original on 21 April 2019:
      England ran Tunisia ragged in that spell but were punished for missing a host of chances when Ferjani Sassi equalised from the penalty spot against the run of play after Kyle Walker was penalised for an elbow on Fakhreddine Ben Youssef.
    • 2020 July 29, Ian Prosser discusses with Paul Stephen, “Rail needs robust and strategic plans”, in Rail, page 38:
      In the immediate term, there is a host of new operating procedures to be developed and to become familiarised with, in accordance with social distancing.
Derived terms
  • heavenly host
  • Lord of Hosts
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English host, oist, ost, from Old French hoiste, from Latin hostia (sacrificial victim). Doublet of hostie.

Noun

host (plural hosts)

  1. (Christianity) The consecrated bread or wafer of the Eucharist.
    • 1978, John Lydon (lyrics and music), “Religion II”, performed by Public Image Ltd.:
      Do you pray to the Holy Ghost when you suck your host? / Do you read who's dead in the Irish Post?
    • Consecrated definition
      simple past tense and past participle of consecrate
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

Anagrams


Catalan host definition

Etymology

From Old Occitan òst, from Latin hostem, singular accusative of hostis, from Proto-Italic *hostis, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰóstis (guest, stranger).

Pronunciation

Noun

host f (plural hosts)

  1. army, troops

See also


Czech host definition

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *gostь.

Pronunciation

Noun

host m

  1. guest
    Host do domu, Bůh do domu. ("A guest into the house, God into the house") — old proverb, meaning: respect should be shown to guests
    Host a ryba třetí den smrdí. - The guest and the fish smell the third day.

Declension

Related terms

Further reading

  • host in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • host in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch host definition

Etymology 1

From English host.

Pronunciation

Noun

host m (plural hosts, diminutive hostje n)

  1. (computing) host
    • Host definition
      One which receives or entertains a guest, socially, commercially, or officially. (1 of 8 host definitions)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From hossen.

Pronunciation

Verb

host

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of hossen
    • Second Person definition
      In grammar, the form of a verb used when the subject of a sentence is the audience. In English, the second person is used with the pronouns thou and you. In many languages the singular, applying to one person, and plural, applying to several people, are distinct. (1 of 2 second person definitions)
    • Third Person definition
      The words, word-forms, and grammatical structures, taken collectively, that are normally used of people or things other than the speaker or the audience. (1 of 5 third person definitions)
    • Present Tense definition
      A grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.
    • Hossen definition
      to dance and bounce about arm in arm
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of hossen
    • Plural definition
      Consisting of or containing more than one of something. (Can we add an example for this sense?) (1 of 2 plural definitions)

Norwegian Bokmål host definition

Etymology 1

Related to hoste ("to cough").

Pronunciation

Noun

host n (definite singular hostet, indefinite plural host, definite plural hosta or hostene)

  1. a single cough expulsion
    • Cough definition
      To push air from the lungs in a quick, noisy explosion. (1 of 3 cough definitions)

Usage notes

  • Prior to a 2020 spelling revision, this noun was also considered masculine.

Etymology 2

From English host.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔust/
  • Rhymes: -ɔust

Noun

host m (definite singular hosten, indefinite plural hoster, definite plural hostene)

  1. (computing) host
Synonyms

Etymology 3

Verb

host

  1. imperative of hoste
    • Hoste definition
      guest

References


Norwegian Nynorsk host definition

Etymology 1

Related to hosta, hoste ("to cough").

Noun

host n (definite singular hostet, indefinite plural host, definite plural hosta)

  1. a single cough expulsion

Etymology 2

From English host.

Noun

host m (definite singular hosten, indefinite plural hostar, definite plural hostane)

  1. (computing) host
Synonyms

Etymology 3

Verb

host

  1. imperative of hosta and hoste

References


Portuguese host definition

Etymology

Borrowed from English host.

Pronunciation

Noun

host m (plural hosts)

  1. (networking) host (computer attached to a network)

Slovene host definition

Noun

hóst

  1. genitive dual/plural of họ̑sta

Spanish host definition

Etymology

Borrowed from English host. Doublet of huésped.

Noun

host m or f (plural hosts)

  1. (computing, Internet) host (any computer attached to a network)
    Synonym: anfitrión
    • Anfitrión definition
      host (one which receives a guest)