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half definition

Overview

This page has 26 definitions of half with English translations in 4 languages. Half is an adjective, an adverb, noun, verb, preposition and interjection. Examples of how to use half in a sentence are shown. Also define these 32 related words and terms: parent, common, half brother, half sister, half uncle, half aunt, half cousin, one, two, roughly, equal, part, divide, sports, side, behalf, term, Michaelmas, Lent, half sibling, child, ticket, halve, half past, half-hour, to, preceding, theater, half, ander, mid-March, and helfen.

See also: half- and hálf-

English half definition

English numbers (edit)
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: two
    Ordinal: second, deutero-
    Latinate ordinal: secondary
    Adverbial: twice
    Multiplier: double, twofold
    Distributive: doubly
    Collective: both, pair, dyad, twosome
    Fractional: half
    Number of musicians: duo, duet, duplet

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English half, halfe from Old English healf (half); as a noun, 'half', 'side', 'part', from Proto-West Germanic *halb, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz;

Pronunciation

Rhymes: -ɑːf
Rhymes: -æf

Adjective

half (not comparable)

  1. Consisting of a half (½, 50%).
    a half kilo
    a half hour
    a half dollar
    a half view
  2. Consisting of some indefinite portion resembling a half; approximately a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect.
    a half dream
    half knowledge
    a half truth
  3. (of a sibling) Having one parent (rather than two) in common.
  4. (rare, of a relative other than a sibling) Related through one common grandparent or ancestor rather than two.
    • Half Cousin definition
      The son or daughter of one's half-uncle or half-aunt. A relative with one common grandparent.

Usage notes

  • (consisting of a moiety, or half): The adjective and noun are often united to form a compound.

Synonyms

Derived terms

See also those listed at Category:English words prefixed with half-.

Descendants

Translations

Adverb

half (not comparable)

  1. In two equal parts or to an equal degree.
  2. In some part approximating a half.
  3. Partially; imperfectly.
    half-colored
    half done
    half persuaded
    half conscious
    He does sometimes half wish to change his life, but it is too difficult.

Derived terms

Terms derived from half (adverb)

Translations

Noun

half (plural halves)

  1. One of two usually roughly equal parts into which anything may be divided, or considered as divided.
    I ate the slightly smaller half of the apple.
    You don't know the half of it.
    Of the passengers on the plane, half were English.
    The cake was delicious: half was vanilla and half was chocolate.
    1. (sports) One of the two opposite parts of the playing field of various sports, in which each starts the game.
    • 2011 September 16, Ben Dirs, “Rugby World Cup 2011: New Zealand 83-7 Japan”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      However, the hosts hit back and hit back hard, first replacement hooker Andrew Hore sliding over, then Williams careering out of his own half and leaving several defenders for dead before flipping the ball to Nonu to finish off a scintillating move.
    • Divide definition
      To split or separate (something) into two or more parts. (1 of 12 divide definitions)
  2. Half of a standard measure; frequently used (Britain) for half a pint of beer or cider.
    • 1968 (Britain), John Braine, The Crying Game, Houghton Mifflin, page 11,
      He came back with a pint of Guinness for me and a half of bitter for Wendy.
    • 1974 (Britain), James Herriot, All Things Bright and Beautiful, St. Martin's Press, →ISBN,
      I accepted a half of bitter from him.
    • 2006 (Britain), Bill Appleton, Wide Boy, Pegasus Elliot Mackenzie, →ISBN, page 168,
      I went to the bar where I bought a pint and two large brandies. ... "Not brandy," she replied, "but I could use a long drink - maybe a half of lager."
  3. (preceded by “a” or a number) The fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2.
    Three-quarters minus a quarter is a half.
  4. (obsolete) Part; side; behalf.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif to this entry?)
  5. Any of the three terms at Eton College, for Michaelmas, Lent, and summer.
  6. (slang) A half sibling.
    • 2016, Robert M. Herzog, A World Between:
      So for Richard and Barbara, Jeff and Kari, the impossibly varied collection of steps and halves that is another legacy of my father.
  7. (Britain, archaic) A child ticket.

Synonyms

  • (fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2): ½

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

half (third-person singular simple present halves, present participle halving, simple past and past participle halved)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To halve.

Synonyms

Translations

Preposition

half

  1. (Britain, Ireland) half past; A half-hour (30 minutes) after the last hour; i.e. 9.30="half (past) nine". (Not to be confused with #2)
  2. (in some languages but rarely in English) A half-hour to (preceding) the next hour; i.e. 6.30="half (to) seven"

Interjection

half

  1. (theater) A call reminding performers that the performance will begin in thirty minutes.

References


Dutch half definition

Etymology

From Middle Dutch half, from Old Dutch *half, from Proto-West Germanic *halb, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz.

Cognate with English half, German halb, West Frisian heal, Danish halv.

Pronunciation

Adjective

half (not comparable)

  1. half
  2. (with numbers) half before the next whole
    half tien
    half past nine (i.e. half of the tenth hour)
    anderhalf
    one and a half (half before two, with ander originally meaning second)
  3. (with months) the middle of that month
    half maart
    mid-March
    • Mid-March definition
      Any time in the middle of March.

Inflection

Inflection of half
uninflected half
inflected halve
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial half
indefinite m./f. sing. halve
n. sing. half
plural halve
definite halve
partitive halfs

Derived terms


German half definition

Pronunciation

Verb

half

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of helfen
    • Helfen definition
      to help (someone); to assist; to aid

Middle English half definition

Etymology

From Old English healf, half, from Proto-West Germanic *halb, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz.

Noun

half (plural halves or halfes or halven)

  1. half

Alternative forms

Adjective

half

  1. half

Alternative forms

Adverb

half

  1. half

Alternative forms

Descendants

References