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guillotine definition

Overview

This page has 26 definitions of guillotine with English translations in 5 languages. Guillotine is a noun and verb. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: Guillotine and guillotiné

English guillotine definition

Pronunciation

The official guillotine (sense 1) of Luxembourg, last used in 1821.
An engraving of Maximilien Robespierre being executed by guillotine (sense 1) on 28 July 1794 for his role in the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution.
A guillotine (sense 2.1.1) used to trim the edges of stacks of paper.
A double tonsil guillotine (sense 2.1.2) or tonsilotome, formerly used to excise both tonsils in the throat at the same time.[n 1]

Etymology 1

Borrowed from French guillotine, named after the French physician Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738–1814), who proposed its use for capital punishment.[1]

Noun

guillotine (plural guillotines)

  1. (historical, also figuratively) A machine used for the application of capital punishment by decapitation, consisting of a tall upright frame from which is suspended a heavy diagonal-edged blade which is dropped on to the neck of the person to be executed; also, execution using this machine.
  2. (by extension)
    1. A device or machine with a cutting blade.
      1. A device used for cutting the pages of books, stacks of paper, etc., to straight edges, usually by means of a hinged or sliding blade attached to a flat platform.
      2. (surgery) An instrument with a sliding blade for cutting the tonsils, uvula, or other body parts.
        Hyponyms: (for tonsils) tonsillotome, tonsilotome, (for the uvula) uvulotome
    2. (law, politics, informal)
      1. (Britain) A parliamentary procedure for fixing the dates when various stages of discussion of a bill must end, to ensure that the enactment of the bill proceeds expeditiously.
        • 2019 October 22, Stephen Kerr, Member of Parliament for Stirling, “Second Reading of the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill”, in House of Commons Debates (House of Commons)‎[1], volume 666, archived from the original on 24 October 2019, column 860:
          The right hon. Gentleman is making a great stooshie about time in relation to this Bill, but was it not the case that, when the SNP [Scottish National Party] Scottish Government introduced their continuity Bill in the Scottish Parliament, they operated a ruthless guillotine to prevent proper scrutiny of it? That is the case; they ran a guillotine on that Bill, and there was a very limited amount of time allowed for debate and scrutiny, yet he complains about that happening here.
      2. (US) A legislative motion that debate be ended and a vote taken; a cloture.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French guillotiner (to execute with a guillotine, to guillotine), from guillotine (see etymology 1) + -er (suffix forming infinitives of first-conjugation verbs).[2]

Verb

guillotine (third-person singular simple present guillotines, present participle guillotining, simple past and past participle guillotined) (transitive)

  1. To use a guillotine (on someone or something).
    1. (also figuratively) To execute (someone) with a guillotine.
    2. To cut or trim (a body part, a stack of paper, etc.) with a guillotine.
  2. (law, politics, informal)
    1. (Britain) To end discussion (about a parliamentary bill or part of one) by invoking a guillotine procedure.
    2. (US) To end (a legislative debate) by invoking cloture.

Derived terms

Translations

Notes

References

  1. ^ guillotine, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “guillotine, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ guillotine, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “guillotine, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading


Dutch guillotine definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French guillotine. Named after Joseph-Ignace Guillotin. First attested in the early 1790s.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɡi.joːˈti.nə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: guil‧lo‧ti‧ne
  • Rhymes: -inə

Noun

guillotine f (plural guillotines, diminutive guillotinetje n)

  1. guillotine
    Synonym: valbijl

Derived terms

  • guillotineren

French guillotine definition

Etymology

Named after French physician Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738–1814), who proposed its use for capital punishment. The surname is a diminutive of Guillot.

Pronunciation

Noun

guillotine f (plural guillotines)

  1. guillotine (machine)

Derived terms

  • guillotiner (behead with a guillotine)
  • fenêtre à guillotine (box sash window)

Verb

guillotine

  1. first-person singular present indicative of guillotiner
  2. third-person singular present indicative of guillotiner
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of guillotiner
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of guillotiner
  5. second-person singular imperative of guillotiner

Further reading


Indonesian guillotine definition

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from French guillotine, Guillot. After Dr Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, who proposed its use for capital punishment.

Noun

guillotine (first-person possessive guillotineku, second-person possessive guillotinemu, third-person possessive guillotinenya)

  1. guillotine (machine).

Further reading


Spanish guillotine definition

Verb

guillotine

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of guillotinar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of guillotinar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of guillotinar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of guillotinar.