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fill definition

Overview

This page has 32 definitions of fill with English translations in 5 languages. Fill is a verb, noun and adverb. Examples of how to use fill in a sentence are shown. Also define these 68 related words and terms: occupy, fully, take up, all, add, contents, container, cavity, full, enter, satisfy, obey, order, request, requirement, install, position, office, tooth, dental, filling, nautical, trim, yard, male, sexual intercourse, female, sufficient, archaeology, fill soil, embankment, railroad, construction, hollow, ravine, music, passage, riff, rhythmic, sound, listener, attention, break, phrase, melody, thill, shaft, carriage, thread, yarn, immediately, alone, instant, son, turn back, return, fold, biology, geology, medicine, plicate, recur, feall, plait, twill, imply, contain, and include.

See also: Fill and fíll

English fill definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English fillen, fullen, from Old English fyllan (to fill, fill up, replenish, satisfy; complete, fulfill), from Proto-Germanic *fullijaną (to make full, fill), from *fullaz (full), from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full). Cognate with Scots fill (to fill), West Frisian folje (to fill), Low German füllen (to fill), Dutch vullen (to fill), German füllen (to fill), Danish fylde (to fill), Swedish fylla (to fill), Norwegian fylle (to fill), Icelandic fylla (to fill) and Latin plenus (full)

Verb

fill (third-person singular simple present fills, present participle filling, simple past and past participle filled)

  1. (transitive) To occupy fully, to take up all of.
    • c. 1761, Tobias Smollett, translator, Don Quixote, part 2, book 5, chapter 4:
      [] the drums began to thunder, the sound of trumpets filled the air, the earth trembled beneath their feet, and the hearts of the gazing multitude throbbed with suspense and expectation []
    • c. 1860, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations, chapter 38:
      And now that I have given the one chapter to the theme that so filled my heart, and so often made it ache and ache again, I pass on, unhindered, to the event that had impended over me longer yet [] .
    • Take Up definition
      Alternative form of take-up
    • All definition
      Every individual or anything of the given class, with no exceptions (the noun or noun phrase denoting the class must be plural or uncountable). (1 of 4 all definitions)
  2. (transitive) To add contents to (a container, cavity, or the like) so that it is full.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 3, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.
    • 1950, Arthur W. Upfield, The Bachelors of Broken Hill, chapter 11:
      She continued to frown as she filled Bony's cup and added brandy to her own.
    • 2005, Wendy Coakley-Thompson, What You Won't Do for Love, 2006 edition, →ISBN, page 10 [1]:
      She forgave him the pain as he filled the cavity in her back molar. Three weeks later, she let him fill a more intimate cavity.
    • 2006, Gilbert Morris, Sante Fe Woman, B&H, page 95 [2]:
      Grat Herendeen was the first man, a huge man with his bull whip coiled and over his shoulder seeming almost a part of him. He grinned at her as she filled his plate with the eggs and motioned toward the bacon. "Help yourself, Grat."
    • Add definition
      To join or unite (e.g. one thing to another, or as several particulars) so as to increase the number, augment the quantity, or enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. (1 of 8 add definitions)
  3. To enter (something), making it full.
    • 1910 May 13, John C. Sherwin, opinion, Delashmutt et al. v. Chicago, B. & Q. R. Co. et al., reprinted in volume 126, North Western Reporter, page 359, at 360:
      In the evening of the 14th of July, there was a rainfall of 3 or 3½ inches in that locality. The water filled the ditch so full that it overflowed the levees on both sides in many places [] .
    • 2004, Peter Westen, The Logic of Consent, Ashgate, →ISBN, page 322 [3]:
      As the crowd filled the aisles, S repeated loudly what he had announced upon entering the stadium: 'I don't want anyone to touch me, and I will call the police if anyone does.'
  4. (intransitive) To become full.
    the bucket filled with rain;  the sails fill with wind
  5. (intransitive) To become pervaded with something.
    My heart filled with joy.
  6. (transitive) To satisfy or obey (an order, request, or requirement).
    The pharmacist filled my prescription for penicillin.
    We can't let the library close! It fills a great need in the community.
    • Obey definition
      To do as ordered by (a person, institution etc), to act according to the bidding of. (1 of 3 obey definitions)
  7. (transitive) To install someone, or be installed, in (a position or office), eliminating a vacancy.
    • 1891 January 23, Allen Morse, opinion, Lawrence v. Hanley, reprinted in volume 47, Northwestern Reporter, page 753, at 755:
      The board of supervisors called a specal[sic] election to fill the office, and at such special election Henry C. Andrews was elected judge of probate to fill out the said term.
    Sorry, no more applicants. The position has been filled.
  8. (transitive) To treat (a tooth) by adding a dental filling to it.
    • a. 1891, "Intimate Diagnosis of Diseased Teeth", in Items of Interest: A Monthly Magazine of Dental Art, Science and Literature, volume 13, number 11, November 1891, page 657 [4]:
      Be that as it may, had the disturbance continued after our having filled the molar, and presuming that nothing had been done to the bicuspid, we might have been still as far as ever from knowing where the trouble lay.
    Dr. Smith filled Jim's cavity with silver amalgam.
  9. (transitive) To fill or supply fully with food; to feed; to satisfy.
  10. (transitive, nautical) To trim (a yard) so that the wind blows on the after side of the sails.
  11. (transitive, slang, vulgar, of a male) To have sexual intercourse with (a female).
    Did you fill that girl last night?
    • Male definition
      Belonging to the sex which typically produces sperm, or to the gender which is typically associated with it. (1 of 5 male definitions)
Synonyms
Antonyms
  • (add contents to a container or cavity): empty
  • (to become full): empty
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2

From Middle English fille, vülle, fülle, from Old English fyllu, from Proto-Germanic *fullį̄ (fullness). Cognate with German Fülle.

Noun

fill (plural fills)

  1. (after a possessive) A sufficient or more than sufficient amount.
    Don't feed him any more: he's had his fill.
  2. An amount that fills a container.
    The mixer returned to the plant for another fill.
  3. The filling of a container or area.
    That machine can do 20 fills a minute.
    This paint program supports lines, circles, and textured fills.
  4. Inexpensive material used to occupy empty spaces, especially in construction.
    The ruins of earlier buildings were used as fill for more recent construction.
  5. (archaeology) Soil and/or human-created debris discovered within a cavity or cut in the layers and exposed by excavation; fill soil.
    • Archaeology definition
      The study of the past by excavation and analysis of its material remains:
      1. the actual excavation, examination, analysis and interpretation. (1 of 4 archaeology definitions)
    • Fill Soil definition
      Soil used for filling, that is, found within or contemporaneously placed within a cavity, or a supply of soil for use as fill.
  6. An embankment, as in railroad construction, to fill a hollow or ravine; also, the place which is to be filled.
    • Railroad definition
      A permanent road consisting of fixed metal rails to drive trains or similar motorized vehicles on. (1 of 4 railroad definitions)
    • Ravine definition
      A deep narrow valley or gorge in the earth's surface worn by running water.
  7. (music) A short passage, riff, or rhythmic sound that helps to keep the listener's attention during a break between the phrases of a melody.
    bass fill
    • Passage definition
      Describing a bird that has left the nest, is living on its own, but is less than a year old. (commonly used in falconry)
    • Rhythmic definition
      Of or relating to rhythm. (1 of 4 rhythmic definitions)
    • Melody definition
      tune; sequence of notes that makes up a musical phrase

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Etymology 3

See thill.

Noun

fill (plural fills)

  1. One of the thills or shafts of a carriage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
    • 2008, Martha E. Green, Pioneers in Pith Helmets
      It was a challenge to learn to harness him, guide him slowly back between the fills of the carriage, then to fasten the right buckles and snaps, making the harness and buggy all ready for travel to church or to town.
    • Thill definition
      One of the two long pieces of wood, extending before a vehicle, between which a horse is hitched; a shaft. (1 of 2 thill definitions)

Albanian fill definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin filum.

Noun

fill m (plural fije)

  1. thread, yarn
    • Thread definition
      A long, thin and flexible form of material, generally with a round cross-section, used in sewing, weaving or in the construction of string. (1 of 9 thread definitions)

Etymology 2

Unclear. Probably from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to place, stell; fixed, motionless, still, stiff)

Adverb

fill

  1. at once, immediately, alone
  2. instant
Derived terms

Catalan fill definition

Etymology

From Old Occitan filh, from Latin fīlius, from Latin fīlios (son), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁y-li-os (sucker), a derivation from the verbal root *dʰeh₁(y)- (to suck). Cognate to Occitan filh, French fils.

Pronunciation

Noun

fill m (plural fills)

  1. son

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


Irish fill definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Irish fillid (turns back), from Proto-Celtic *wel-n-, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (turn); compare German walzen (roll), Latin volvō (turn)

Verb

fill (present analytic filleann, future analytic fillfidh, verbal noun filleadh, past participle fillte)

  1. turn back
  2. return
  3. fold
  4. (biology, geology, medicine) plicate
    • Geology definition
      The science that studies the structure of the earth (or other planets), together with its origin and development, especially by examination of its rocks. (1 of 2 geology definitions)
  5. (medicine, of symptoms) recur
Conjugation
Derived terms
  • athfhill (recur; (of decimals) circulate; refold; reflect)

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

fill

  1. genitive singular of feall

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fill fhill bhfill
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References


Scottish Gaelic fill definition

Etymology

From Old Irish fillid (turns back), from Proto-Celtic *wel-n-, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (turn).

Pronunciation

Verb

fill (past dh'fhill, future fillidh, verbal noun filleadh, past participle fillte)

  1. fold; plait; twill
  2. imply
  3. contain, include
    • Include definition
      To bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member. (1 of 5 include definitions)

Derived terms

Mutation

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
fill fhill
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • fill” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “fillid”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language