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fig

Overview

This page has 18 definitions of fig with English translations in 4 languages. Fig is a noun and verb. Also define these 28 related words and terms: tree, shrub, Ficus, tropics, pear, tobacco, fico, whit, Newfoundland English, raisin, figgy duff, move, rove, figure, dress, get up, ginger root, anus, vagina, urethra, horse, figging, feague, feak, banana, figa, figi, and fig.

See also: fig. and Fig

English

A fig (the fruit).
A fig (the fruit) in cross-section.

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English fige, fygge (also fyke, from Old English fīc, see fike), borrowed from Anglo-Norman figue, borrowed from Old French figue, from Old Occitan figa, from Vulgar Latin *fīca (fig), from Latin fīcus (fig tree), from a pre-Indo European language, perhaps Phoenician 𐤐𐤂(pg, literally ripe fig) (compare Biblical Hebrew פַּגָּה(paggâ, early fallen fig), Classical Syriac ܦܓܐ(paggāʾ), dialectal Arabic فَجّ(fajj), فِجّ(fijj))[1]. (Another Semitic root (compare Akkadian 𒈠 (tīʾu, literally fig)) was borrowed into Ancient Greek as σῦκον (sûkon) (whence English sycophant; Boeotian τῦκον (tûkon)) and Armenian as թուզ (tʿuz).) The soap-making sense derives from the resemblance of the granulations in and texture of the soap to those of a fig. Doublet of fico.

Noun

fig (plural figs)

  1. A fruit-bearing tree or shrub of the genus Ficus that is native mainly to the tropics.
    • 1611, King James Version, Genesis 3:7:
      And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
    • Tree definition
      A perennial woody plant, not exactly defined, but differentiated from a shrub by its larger size (typically over a few meters in height) or growth habit, usually having a single (or few) main axis or trunk unbranched for some distance above the ground and a head of branches and foliage. (1 of 17 tree definitions)
    • Shrub definition
      A woody plant smaller than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same base.
  2. The fruit of the fig tree, pear-shaped and containing many small seeds.
    • Pear definition
      An edible fruit produced by the pear tree, similar to an apple but elongated towards the stem. (1 of 6 pear definitions)
  3. A small piece of tobacco.
  4. The value of a fig, practically nothing; a fico; a whit.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act II, sc. 3:
      I'll pledge you all; and a fig for Peter!
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter 6:
      About Rebecca and Jos he did not care a fig.
    • 2004, David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas:
      J. senses the entente between Eva and me and doesn't like it one fig.
  5. (Newfoundland, dated) a raisin (dried grape)
    • Raisin definition
      A dried grape.
    • Figgy Duff definition
      A kind of boiled pudding with raisins.
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Verb

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (obsolete) To insult with a fico, or contemptuous motion.
  2. (obsolete) To put into the head of, as something useless or contemptible.
  3. (soap-making, dated) To develop, or cause (a soap) to develop, white streaks or granulations. [mid-1800s to mid-1900s]
    • 1893, Henry Gathmann, American Soaps, page 204:
      For filling figged soaps silicate of potash is best adapted, as soda prevents in a measure the proper crystallization. [...] Artificially figged soap [...makes] a very close imitation of the naturally figged soap.
    • 1897, The National Provisioner, page 27:
      Figging is usually considered to indicate a good quality of soft soap, but such is really not the case. A first-class soft soap can be made which will not fig, while, on the other hand, a poor soap can be produced which will fig.
    • 1938, Harry Bennett, The Standard Book of Formulas:
      In the cold soaps, the water soluble color is added in liquid form after saponification has started. In figged soaps, the color is crutched in after saponification is completed.

Further reading

Etymology 2

Variation of fike.

Verb

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (intransitive) To move suddenly or quickly; rove about.
    • Rove definition
      To shoot with arrows (at). (1 of 8 rove definitions)
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Noun

fig (plural figs)

  1. Abbreviation of figure. (diagram or illustration)
  2. (colloquial, dated) A person's figure; dress or appearance.
Alternative forms
  • (abbreviation): fig.

Verb

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (colloquial, dated, transitive) To dress; to get oneself up a certain way.

Related terms

Etymology 4

See figging.

Verb

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (transitive, rare) To insert a ginger root into the anus, vagina or urethra of (a horse): to perform figging upon; to feague, to feak.
    • 1874, The Slang Dictionary: Etymological, Historical, and Anecdotal, page 176:
      Ginger, a showy, fast horse — as if he had been figged with ginger under his tail; a red-haired man.
    • 1901, Natal Agriculture Journal, page 744:
      He must be "figged." Figging consists in pushing a piece of crushed ginger into the return of the wretched creature — a practice which is now illegal, and of which information should be given to the R.S.P.C.A. whenever detected.
    • 2015, Becky Lower, The Cotillion Ball Saga, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN):
      “Is something amiss with the horse, Parr?” His gaze left the horse for a second as he glanced at Grace. “Yes, the horse has been figged. Now I just need to figure out who the culprit is.”

Noun

fig (plural figs)

  1. The piece of ginger root used in figging.

References

  1. ^ Andreas Franz and Wilhelm Schimper, Plant Geography Upon a Physiological Basis, volume 2 (Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger, 1902), page 100

Anagrams


Haitian Creole

Etymology

French figue (fig).

Noun

fig

  1. banana

Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

fig

  1. genitive plural of figa

Noun

fig

  1. genitive plural of figi
    • Figi definition
      face

Volapük

Noun

fig (nominative plural figs)

  1. fig

Declension