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equivalent definition

Overview

This page has 13 definitions of equivalent with English translations in 4 languages. Equivalent is an adjective, noun and verb. Examples of how to use equivalent in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: équivalent

English equivalent definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

equi- +‎ -valent. From Latin aequivalentem, accusative singular of aequivalēns, present active participle of aequivaleō (I am equivalent, have equal power).

Pronunciation

Adjective

equivalent (comparative more equivalent, superlative most equivalent)

  1. Similar or identical in value, meaning or effect; virtually equal.
    To burn calories, a thirty-minute jog is equivalent to a couple of hamburgers.
    • 1698, Robert South, Twelve Sermons upon Several Subjects and Occasions:
      For now to serve and to minister, servile and ministerial, are terms equivalent.
    • 2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place. Applying a force tangential to the knob is essentially equivalent to applying one perpendicular to a radial line defining the lever.
    Synonym: on a par
  2. (mathematics) Of two sets, having a one-to-one correspondence.
    Synonym: equinumerous
    • c. 2005, P N Gupta Kulbhushan, Comprehensive MCQ's in Mathematics, page 3:
      Finite sets A and B are equivalent sets only when n(A) = n(B) i.e., the number of elements in A and B are equal.
    • 1950, E. Kamke, Theory of Sets, page 16:
      All enumerable sets are equivalent to each other, but not to any finite set.
    • 2000, N. L. Carothers, Real Analysis, page 18:
      Equivalent sets should, by rights, have the same "number" of elements. For this reason we sometimes say that equivalent sets have the same cardinality.
    • 2006, Joseph Breuer, Introduction to the Theory of Sets, page 41:
      The equivalence theorem: If both M is equivalent to a subset N1 of N and N is equivalent to a subset M1 of M, then the sets M and N are equivalent to each other.
  3. (mathematics) Relating to the corresponding elements of an equivalence relation.
  4. (chemistry) Having the equal ability to combine.
  5. (cartography) Of a map, equal-area.
  6. (geometry) Equal in measure but not admitting of superposition; applied to magnitudes.
    A square may be equivalent to a triangle.

Usage notes

  • In mathematics, this adjective can be used in phrases like "A and B are equivalent", "A is equivalent to B", and, less commonly, "A is equivalent with B".

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

equivalent (plural equivalents)

  1. Anything that is virtually equal to something else, or has the same value, force, etc.
  2. (chemistry) An equivalent weight.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

equivalent (third-person singular simple present equivalents, present participle equivalenting, simple past and past participle equivalented)

  1. (transitive) To make equivalent to; to equal.

Catalan equivalent definition

Etymology

From Latin aequivalēns, attested from 1696.[1]

Pronunciation

Adjective

equivalent (masculine and feminine plural equivalents)

  1. equivalent

Related terms

Further reading

References

  1. ^ “equivalent” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Dutch equivalent definition

Alternative forms

  • aequivalentie (dated, superseded)

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French équivalent, from Latin aequivalēns.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌeː.kʋi.vaːˈlɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: equi‧va‧lent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Adjective

equivalent (not comparable)

  1. equivalent

Inflection

Inflection of equivalent
uninflected equivalent
inflected equivalente
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial equivalent
indefinite m./f. sing. equivalente
n. sing. equivalent
plural equivalente
definite equivalente
partitive equivalents

Derived terms

Noun

equivalent n (plural equivalenten)

  1. equivalent

Occitan equivalent definition

Etymology

From Latin aequivalēns.

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Adjective

equivalent m (feminine singular equivalenta, masculine plural equivalents, feminine plural equivalentas)

  1. equivalent

Related terms