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environment definition


This page has 7 definitions of environment in English. Environment is a noun. Examples of how to use environment in a sentence are shown. Also define these 20 related words and terms: ecosystem, political, social, arena, computing, software, hardware, computer, system, program, programming, function, identifiers, scope, bindings, variable, value, namespace, operating system, and process.



From Middle French environnement, equivalent to environ +‎ -ment. Compare French environnement.


  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈvaɪɹə(n)mənt/, /ɪnˈvaɪɚ(n)mənt/, /-mɪnt/, /ənˈ-/
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environment (plural environments)

  1. The surroundings of, and influences on, a particular item of interest.
  2. The natural world or ecosystem.
    • 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
      It is tempting to speculate about the incentives or compulsions that might explain why anyone would take to the skies in [the] basket [of a balloon]: […];  […]; or perhaps to muse on the irrelevance of the borders that separate nation states and keep people from understanding their shared environment.
  3. All the elements that affect a system or its inputs and outputs.
  4. A particular political or social setting, arena or condition.
  5. (computing) The software and/or hardware existing on any particular computer system.
    That program uses the Microsoft Windows environment.
  6. (programming) The environment of a function at a point during the execution of a program is the set of identifiers in the function's scope and their bindings at that point.
  7. (computing) The set of variables and their values in a namespace that an operating system associates with a process.
    • Operating System definition
      Software for controlling the allocation and use of various hardware resources (memory, CPU time, disk space, input and output devices) to tasks and remote terminals.


Derived terms

Related terms


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.