🤩 Discover new information from across the web

disease

Overview

This page has 5 definitions of disease in English. Disease is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use disease in a sentence are shown. Also define these 16 related words and terms: pathology, abnormal, discomfort, dysfunction, injury, instantaneous, harmful, ease, uneasiness, trouble, vexation, disquiet, unease, annoy, irritate, and infect.

See also: dis-ease

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English disese, from Anglo-Norman desese, disaise, from Old French desaise, from des- + aise. Equivalent to dis- +‎ ease. Displaced native Middle English adle, audle (disease) (from Old English ādl (disease, sickness), see adle), Middle English cothe, coathe (disease) (from Old English coþu (disease), see coath).

Pronunciation

Noun

disease (countable and uncountable, plural diseases)

  1. (pathology) An abnormal condition of a human, animal or plant that causes discomfort or dysfunction; distinct from injury insofar as the latter is usually instantaneously acquired.
    The tomato plants had some kind of disease that left their leaves splotchy and fruit withered.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 272, column 2:
      [...] diſeaſes deſperate growne, / By deſperate appliance are releeued, / Or not at all.
    • November 22, 1787, James Madison Jr., Federalist No. 10
      The instability, injustice, and confusion, introduced into the public councils, have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have every where perished; [...]
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. [...] When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest, OL 1521052W:
      [...] the awfully hearty sort of Christmas cards that people do send to other people that they don't know at all well. You know. The kind that have mottoes[...]. And then, when you see [the senders], you probably find that they are the most melancholy old folk with malignant diseases. [...]
    • 2012 March 1, William E. Carter, Merri Sue Carter, “The British Longitude Act Reconsidered”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 87:
      Conditions were horrendous aboard most British naval vessels at the time. Scurvy and other diseases ran rampant, killing more seamen each year than all other causes combined, including combat.
    • Pathology definition
      The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. (1 of 3 pathology definitions)
  2. (by extension) Any abnormal or harmful condition, as of society, people's attitudes, way of living etc.
    • 1955, The Urantia Book, Paper 134:6.7
      War is not man's great and terrible disease; war is a symptom, a result. The real disease is the virus of national sovereignty.
  3. Lack of ease; uneasiness; trouble; vexation; disquiet.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

disease (third-person singular simple present diseases, present participle diseasing, simple past and past participle diseased)

  1. (obsolete) To cause unease; to annoy, irritate.
  2. To infect with a disease.
    • Infect definition
      To bring (the body or part of it) into contact with a substance that causes illness (a pathogen), so that the pathogen begins to act on the body; (of a pathogen) to come into contact with (a body or body part) and begin to act on it. (1 of 3 infect definitions)

Anagrams