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criminal definition

Overview

This page has 20 definitions of criminal with English translations in 6 languages. Criminal is an adjective, noun and adverb. Examples of how to use criminal in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

English criminal definition

Etymology

From Middle English cryminal, borrowed from Anglo-Norman criminal, from Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen (crime).

Pronunciation

Adjective

criminal (comparative more criminal, superlative most criminal)

  1. Against the law; forbidden by law.
  2. Guilty of breaking the law.
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Difficulties of Obtaining Salvation
      The neglect of any of the relative duties renders us criminal in the sight of God.
  3. Of or relating to crime or penal law.
    • 1827, Henry Hallam, The Constitutional History of England
      The officers and servants of the crown, violating the personal liberty, or other right of the subject [] in some cases, were liable to criminal process.
    His long criminal record suggests that he is a dangerous man.
  4. (figuratively) Abhorrent or very undesirable.
    Printing such asinine opinions is criminal!
    • 2020 May 6, Graeme Pickering, “Borders Railway: time for the next step”, in Rail, page 54:
      [...] I think it represents exceptional value for money and I think it would be criminal not to go ahead and build it."

Usage notes

  • Nouns to which "criminal" is often applied: law, justice, court, procedure, prosecution, intent, case, record, act, action, behavior, code, offence, liability, investigation, conduct, defense, trial, history, responsibility, lawyer, tribunal, appeal, process, background, mind, conspiracy, evidence, gang, organization, underworld, jurisprudence, offender, jury, police, past, group, punishment, attorney, violence, report, career, psychology.

Synonyms

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Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

criminal (plural criminals)

  1. A person who is guilty of a crime, notably breaking the law.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, in The China Governess[1]:
      ‘[…] There's every Staffordshire crime-piece ever made in this cabinet, and that's unique. The Van Hoyer Museum in New York hasn't that very rare second version of Maria Marten's Red Barn over there, nor the little Frederick George Manning—he was the criminal Dickens saw hanged on the roof of the gaol in Horsemonger Lane, by the way—’
    Synonyms: lawbreaker, offender, perpetrator

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Translations


Catalan criminal definition

Etymology

From Latin criminālis.

Pronunciation

Adjective

criminal (masculine and feminine plural criminals)

  1. criminal (against the law)
  2. criminal (guilty of breaking the law)
  3. criminal (of or relating to crime)

Derived terms

Noun

criminal m or f (plural criminals)

  1. criminal (a person who is guilty of a crime)

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Further reading


Old French criminal definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin or Juridical Latin criminālis, from Latin crīmen.

Adjective

criminal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular criminale)

  1. criminal; illegal; against the law

Declension


Portuguese criminal definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin or Juridical Latin criminālis (criminal), from Latin crīmen (verdict; crime).

Pronunciation

Adjective

criminal m or f (plural criminais, not comparable)

  1. (law) criminal (of or relating to crime or penal law)
    Antecedente criminal.
    Criminal record.

Related terms

Further reading

  • criminal” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian criminal definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French criminel, Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen.

Pronunciation

Noun

criminal m (plural criminali, feminine equivalent criminală)

  1. criminal, felon, perpetrator, offender, lawbreaker
  2. murderer, slayer
  3. cutthroat, thug

Declension

Adjective

criminal m or n (feminine singular criminală, masculine plural criminali, feminine and neuter plural criminale)

  1. criminal, felonious, lawbreaking
  2. murderous, homicidal
  3. cutthroat

Declension

Related terms

Adverb

criminal

  1. criminally

Related terms


Spanish criminal definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin or Juridical Latin criminālis (criminal), from Latin crīmen (verdict; crime).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɾimiˈnal/, [kɾi.miˈnal]
  • Rhymes: -al

Adjective

criminal (plural criminales)

  1. criminal

Derived terms

Noun

criminal m or f (plural criminales)

  1. criminal

Related terms

Further reading