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circular definition

Overview

This page has 45 definitions of circular with English translations in 7 languages. Circular is an adjective, noun and verb. Examples of how to use circular in a sentence are shown. Also define these 57 related words and terms: circle, shape, moving, circuitous, roundabout, infinitely, recursive, distribute, legend, cyclic, mean, inferior, flyer, printed, advertisement, directive, notice, mass, circulation, pigeon-hole, hand-bill, circular letter, sleeveless, cloak, cut, pattern, shuttle bus, route, circular, circulate, move, travel, geometry, round, redondo, rotundo, loop, rhetoric, lexicography, circundar, girar, rodar, flow, por, move about, disseminate, spread, go around, economics, media, eu, ele, ela, você, go round, scram, and clear off.

English circular definition

Etymology

From Middle English circuler, circuleer, circulere, borrowed from Old French circulier, from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus, diminutive of circus (ring).

Pronunciation

Adjective

circular (comparative more circular, superlative most circular)

  1. Of or relating to a circle.
  2. In the shape of, or moving in a circle.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
  3. Circuitous or roundabout.
    • Circuitous definition
      Not direct or to the point. (1 of 2 circuitous definitions)
  4. Referring back to itself, so as to prevent computation or comprehension; infinitely recursive.
    circular reasoning
    Your dictionary defines "brave" as "courageous", and "courageous" as "brave". That's a circular definition.
    a circular formula in a spreadsheet
  5. Distributed to a large number of persons.
    • 1827, Henry Hallam, The Constitutional History of England
      a proclamation of Henry III., [] doubtless circular throughout England
  6. (obsolete) Perfect; complete.
    • 1632, Philip Massinger, Maid of Honour, act I, scene 2:
      A man so absolute and circular / In all those wished-for rarities that may take / A virgin captive.
  7. (archaic) Adhering to a fixed circle of legends; cyclic; hence, mean; inferior.
    • February 1, 1711, John Dennis, on the Genius and Writings of Shakespeare
      Had Virgil been a circular poet, and closely adhered to history, how could the Romans have had Dido?

Hyponyms

Derived terms

 

Related terms

Translations

Noun

circular (plural circulars)

  1. Synonym of flyer: a printed advertisement, directive, or notice intended for mass circulation.
    • Printed definition
      Written or published.
    • Circulation definition
      The act of moving in a circle, or in a course which brings the moving body to the place where its motion began. (1 of 6 circulation definitions)
    • Pigeon-Hole definition
      Alternative spelling of pigeonhole
    • Hand-Bill definition
      Alternative form of handbill.
  2. Short for circular letter.
  3. (dated) A sleeveless cloak cut from a circular pattern.
    • Cloak definition
      A long outer garment worn over the shoulders covering the back; a cape, often with a hood. (1 of 4 cloak definitions)
  4. A shuttle bus with a circular route.
    • Shuttle Bus definition
      Short-haul, limited-passenger buses, typically privately owned, such as by hotels, retirement villages, etc.; a shuttle.

See also

Verb

circular (third-person singular simple present circulars, present participle circularing, simple past and past participle circulared)

  1. To distribute circulars to or at.
    • 1851, G. W. Muir, Report on the State of Engine and Other Furnaces, page 19:
      The result of the sending of these notices confirms me in the opinion, that it will be necessary to adopt legal means with the great majority of these parties. The circulars have had little effect. In fact, the parties have been “circulared" into the notion that nothing more formidable will ever be sent to them.
    • 1873, Old and new - Volume 8, page 101:
      It is true, that, to obtain these, some six hundred or more institutions were circulared, and a good many of these a second time.
    • 1909, American Life Convention, Report of the Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Life Convention, page 42:
      I do not mean to say we have never employed some of them who come to us—but we have never circulared agents or gone after them.
    • 1962, Harrie Sheridan Baketel, Medical Economics - Volume 39, page 141:
      If you've ever been circulared by drug repackaging houses, you know they usually offer to trade a selection of office supplies for your unused drug samples.
  2. To extend in a circular direction.
    • 2008, Donald E. Wagner, Kenneth Cragg, Dying in the Land of Promise, page 116:
      The theme can be expressed in an architectural analogy. For, of all contriving to encover space, the arch — alone or 'circulared' into the dome — is the most ingenious.

Asturian circular definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus.

Adjective

circular (epicene, plural circulares)

  1. circular

Related terms

Verb

circular (first-person singular indicative present circulo, past participle circuláu)

  1. to circle

Conjugation

Related terms


Catalan circular definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus.

Adjective

circular (masculine and feminine plural circulars)

  1. circular

Noun

circular f (plural circulars)

  1. circular

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Late Latin circulo, circulare, post-Augustan form of Latin circulor.

Verb

circular (first-person singular present circulo, past participle circulat)

  1. to circulate
  2. to move, to travel
    • Travel definition
      To be on a journey, often for pleasure or business and with luggage; to go from one place to another. (1 of 6 travel definitions)

Conjugation

Related terms

Further reading


Galician circular definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus.

Adjective

circular m or f (plural circulares)

  1. (geometry) circular

Related terms


Portuguese circular definition

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Late Latin circulāris (circular round), from Latin circulus, corresponding to círculo +‎ -ar.

Pronunciation

Adjective

circular m or f (plural circulares, comparable)

  1. circular; round
    Vimos um objeto circular sobrevoando a cidade.
    We saw a round object flying over the city.
    Synonyms: redondo, rotundo
    • Redondo definition
      round
    • Rotundo definition
      Alternative form of rotunda
  2. running in a loop
    Ônibus circular.
    Shuttle bus.
  3. (rhetoric, lexicography) circular (referring back to itself)
    Definição circular.
    Circular definition.
  4. circular (distributed to a large number of people)
    Carta circular.
    Circular letter.

Noun

circular f (plural circulares)

  1. circular letter (official communication distributed to interested parties)

Noun

circular m (plural circulares)

  1. circular (shuttle bus that runs in a loop)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin circulō, circulāre (I make round), post-Augustan form of Latin circulor.

Pronunciation

Verb

circular (first-person singular present indicative circulo, past participle circulado)

  1. (transitive) to circle (to place a circle around)
    Circulem a resposta correta.Circle the correct answer.
    Synonym: circundar
  2. (intransitive) to circle (to move around an axis)
    Nosso planeta circula ao redor do Sol.Our planet circles the Sun.
    Synonyms: girar, rodar
    • Girar definition
      to turn
  3. (intransitive) to circulate (to move through a circuit)
    O sangue parou de circular em suas veias.Blood stopped flowing in his veins.
  4. (intransitive) to flow freely
    Abri as janelas para o ar circular.I opened the windows to get a better airflow.
    • Flow definition
      A movement in people or things with a particular way in large numbers or amounts (1 of 11 flow definitions)
  5. (intransitive, or transitive with por) to move about; to walk around
    Depois que a neve derreteu, as pessoas começaram a circular pelo parque.After the snow melted, people started walking around the park.
    Circulando!Get going! [used to disperse a crowd]
    • Por definition
      you (dual)
    • Move About definition
      To move from place to place.
  6. (transitive) to circulate; to disseminate; to spread
    Os alunos circularam um rumor muito maldoso.The students spread a nasty rumour.
  7. (intransitive) to circulate; to be disseminated; to be spread; to go around
    Circulava uma notícia sobre o acidente.News about the accident had been going around.
    1. (economics) to circulate (to be valid as currency)
      O euro deixará de circular no Reino Unido.The euro will no longer circulate in the United Kingdom.
    2. (media) to circulate (to be published and distributed)
      Este é o único jornal que ainda circula.This is the only newspaper still in circulation.
    • Media definition
      The middle layer of the wall of a blood vessel or lymph vessel which is composed of connective and muscular tissue. (1 of 4 media definitions)
  8. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of circular
    • Eu definition
      alternative form of io
  9. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of circular
    • Ele definition
      the name of the Latin-script letter L.
    • Ela definition
      the name of the Latin-script letter L.
    • Você definition
      second-person singular personal pronoun; you (1 of 2 você definitions)
  10. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of circular
  11. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of circular
Conjugation

Romanian circular definition

Etymology

From French circulaire

Adjective

circular m or n (feminine singular circulară, masculine plural circulari, feminine and neuter plural circulare)

  1. circular

Declension


Spanish circular definition

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Late Latin circulāris, from Latin circulus.

Adjective

circular (plural circulares)

  1. circular

Noun

circular f (plural circulares)

  1. circular (advertisement)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Late Latin circulāre, present active infinitive of circulō, post-Augustan form of Latin circulor. Doublet of the inherited cerchar[1].

Verb

circular (first-person singular present circulo, first-person singular preterite circulé, past participle circulado)

  1. to circulate
  2. to go round, move around
  3. to scram, clear off
    • Clear Off definition
      To leave abruptly
Conjugation

Related terms

References

  1. ^ cerchar” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.