This page has 3 definitions of cinchona in English. Cinchona is a noun. Also define these 18 related words and terms: tree, shrub, genus, Cinchona, Andes, South America, Indonesia, India, bark, quinquina, plant, quinine, alkaloid, fever, malaria, Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark, and medicine.
From New Latin cinchona, from Spanish Chinchón. Named by Carl Linnaeus after Ana de Osorio, 4th Countess of Chinchón (1599–1625), the wife of the Spanish Viceroy of Peru, who was allegedly cured of a fever by the bark.
- A tree or shrub of the genus Cinchona, native to the Andes in South America but since widely cultivated in Indonesia and India as well for its medicinal bark.
- Synonym: quinquina
- 2001, Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 8)
- German chemists were the first to isolate pure drug chemicals from herbal medicines, with the isolation of morphine from crude opium in 1803 and quinine from the bark of the cinchona tree in 1820.
Tree definitionA perennial woody plant, not exactly defined, but differentiated from a shrub by its larger size (typically over a few meters in height) or growth habit, usually having a single (or few) main axis or trunk unbranched for some distance above the ground and a head of branches and foliage. (1 of 16 tree definitions)
Quinquina definitionSynonym of in all its senses.
- The bark of these plants, which yield quinine and other alkaloids useful in reducing fevers and particularly in combatting malaria.
Quinine definitionAn alkaloid with the chemical formula C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ derived from cinchona bark (from plants of the genus Cinchona) used to treat malaria and as an ingredient of tonic water, which presents as a bitter colourless powder; also, a drug containing quinine or a chemical compound derived from it.
Peruvian Bark definitionCinchona bark, chiefly as used in medicine.
- (medicine) Any medicine chiefly composed of the prepared bark of these plants.
- cinchona red
- cinchonaceae, cinchonaceous
- cinchonamine, cinchonate, cinchonia, cinchonic, cinchonicia, cinchonicine, cinchonidia, cinchonidine
- cinchonic red