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branch

Overview

This page has 20 definitions of branch in English and Haitian Creole. Branch is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use branch in a sentence are shown. Also define these 52 related words and terms: woody, tree, trunk, dividing, divide, creek, stream, run, brook, geometry, curve, location, organization, Mormonism, congregation, LDS, ward, nautical, certificate, pilot, qualified, navigational, control, ship, British, water, computing, code, executed, file, source control, system, source code, build, script, media, image, rail transport, branch line, arise, transitive, intransitive, jump, different, program, conditional, statement, discipline, union, branch, braunche, and braunchen.

See also: Branch

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

Tree branches

From Middle English branche, braunche, bronche, from Old French branche, branke, from Late Latin branca (footprint”, later also “paw, claw) (whence Middle High German pranke, German Pranke (paw)), of unknown origin.

Perhaps of Celtic origin, from a hypothetical Gaulish *vranca, from Proto-Indo-European *wrónk-eh₂.[1] If so, then Indo-European cognates include Old Norse vró (angle, corner), Lithuanian rankà (hand), Old Church Slavonic рѫка (rǫka, hand), Albanian rangë (yardwork).

The verb is from Middle English braunchen, from the noun.

Pronunciation

Noun

branch (plural branches)

  1. The woody part of a tree arising from the trunk and usually dividing.
    • Tree definition
      A perennial woody plant, not exactly defined, but differentiated from a shrub by its larger size (typically over a few meters in height) or growth habit, usually having a single (or few) main axis or trunk unbranched for some distance above the ground and a head of branches and foliage. (1 of 16 tree definitions)
  2. Any of the parts of something that divides like the branch of a tree.
    the branch of an antler, a chandelier, or a railway
    • Divide definition
      To split or separate (something) into two or more parts. (1 of 12 divide definitions)
  3. (chiefly Southern US) A creek or stream which flows into a larger river. (compare Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia run, and New York and New England brook.)
    • Creek definition
      A small inlet or bay, often saltwater, narrower and extending farther into the land than a cove; a recess in the shore of the sea, or of a river; the inner part of a port that is used as a dock for small boats. (1 of 3 creek definitions)
    • Run definition
      To move swiftly.
      1. To move forward quickly upon two feet by alternately making a short jump off either foot. (1 of 59 run definitions)
  4. (geometry) One of the portions of a curve that extends outwards to an indefinitely great distance.
    the branches of a hyperbola
  5. A location of an organization with several locations.
    Our main branch is downtown, and we have branches in all major suburbs.
  6. A line of family descent, in distinction from some other line or lines from the same stock; any descendant in such a line.
    the English branch of a family
    • 1602, Richard Carew, Survey of Cornwall
      his father, a younger branch of the ancient stock
  7. (Mormonism) A local congregation of the LDS Church that is not large enough to form a ward; see Wikipedia article on ward in LDS church.
  8. An area in business or of knowledge, research.
    • 2012 January 1, Robert L. Dorit, “Rereading Darwin”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, page 23:
      We live our lives in three dimensions for our threescore and ten allotted years. Yet every branch of contemporary science, from statistics to cosmology, alludes to processes that operate on scales outside of human experience: the millisecond and the nanometer, the eon and the light-year.
  9. (nautical) A certificate given by Trinity House to a pilot qualified to take navigational control of a ship in British waters.
    • Water definition
      A substance (of molecular formula H2O) found at room temperature and pressure as a clear liquid; it is present naturally as rain, and found in rivers, lakes and seas; its solid form is ice and its gaseous form is steam. (1 of 18 water definitions)
  10. (computing) A sequence of code that is conditionally executed.
    • Code definition
      A short symbol, often with little relation to the item it represents. (1 of 12 code definitions)
    • Executed definition
      simple past tense and past participle of execute
  11. (computing) A group of related files in a source control system, including for example source code, build scripts, and media such as images.
    • Source Control definition
      A technology that handles access to computer files containing source code so that several users can work on the files without interfering with each other's changes. (1 of 3 source control definitions)
    • Media definition
      The middle layer of the wall of a blood vessel or lymph vessel which is composed of connective and muscular tissue. (1 of 4 media definitions)
  12. (rail transport) A branch line.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

branch (third-person singular simple present branches, present participle branching, simple past and past participle branched)

  1. (intransitive) To arise from the trunk or a larger branch of a tree.
    • Arise definition
      To come up from a lower to a higher position. (1 of 3 arise definitions)
  2. (intransitive) To produce branches.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) divide into separate parts or subdivisions.
  4. (intransitive, computing) To jump to a different location in a program, especially as the result of a conditional statement.
  5. (transitive, colloquial) To discipline (a union member) at a branch meeting.
    • 2003, Paul Routledge, The Bumper Book of British Lefties (page 199)
      His staff were 'not journalists, but Communists', he maintained. Nonetheless, in 1948 his vigorous editorship took the paper's circulation to 120,000 a day. The following year, he was 'branched' by the National Union of Journalists for an intemperate attack on Fleet Street.

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References

Further reading


Haitian Creole

Etymology

From French branche (branch).

Noun

branch

  1. branch

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

branch

  1. Alternative form of braunche
    • Braunche definition
      Obsolete form of branch.

Etymology 2

Verb

branch

  1. Alternative form of braunchen