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bid definition

Overview

This page has 27 definitions of bid with English translations in 8 languages. Bid is a verb and noun. Examples of how to use bid in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: BID, bíd, bîd, bið, and -bid

English bid definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English bidden, from Old English biddan (to ask, demand), from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ-. Conflated with Old English bēodan (to offer, announce) (see Etymology 2 below). Compare West Frisian bidde, Low German bidden, Dutch bidden ("to pray"), German bitten, Danish bede, Norwegian Bokmål be.

Verb

bid (third-person singular simple present bids, present participle bidding, simple past bid or bade or bad, past participle bid or bidden)

  1. (transitive) To issue a command; to tell.
    He bade me come in.
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II, Scene V:
      Shylock: [...] Why Jessica, I say!
      Launcelot: Why, Jessica!
      Shylock: Who bids thee call? I do not bid thee call.
      Launcelot: Your worship was wont to tell me that I could do nothing without bidding.
  2. (transitive) To invite; to summon.
    She was bidden to the wedding.
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II, Scene V:
      Jessica: Call you? What is your will?
      Shylock: I am bid forth to supper, Jessica: / [...] But wherefore should I go? / I am not bid for love; they flatter me;
  3. (transitive) To utter a greeting or salutation.
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act I, Scene III:
      Portia: If I could bid the fifth welcome with so good heart as I / can bid the other four farewell, I should be glad of his / approach; [...]
Usage notes

The inflected forms bade, bad, and bidden are falling out of use. Bade remains common in greetings, as in “bade farewell”, but uninflected bid is perhaps more common, and bidden is especially rare.[1]

When bidden does occur, it is usually in an elevated, ironical, or metaphorical style, e.g "I have bidden farewell to my prospects of promotion."

When bade (spelled bad so rarely that this variant is not mentioned in most dictionaries) is used in formal speech, the pronunciation /bæd/ may be heard. However, when a dated text with the spelling bade is read aloud or recited (e.g. on stage, in school, or in church etc.) the spelling pronunciation /beɪd/ is quite usual.(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English beden, from Old English bēodan (to offer, announce), from Proto-Germanic *beudaną (to offer), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (be awake, aware). Conflated with Old English biddan (to ask, demand) (see Etymology 1 above). Compare Low German beden, Dutch bieden, German bieten, Danish byde, Norwegian Bokmål by. More at bede.

Verb

bid (third-person singular simple present bids, present participle bidding, simple past and past participle bid)

  1. (intransitive) To make an offer to pay or accept a certain price.
    Have you ever bid in an auction?
  2. (transitive) To offer as a price.
    She bid £2000 for the Persian carpet.
  3. (intransitive) To make an attempt.
    He was bidding for the chance to coach his team to victory once again.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, card games) To announce (one's goal), before starting play.
  5. (obsolete) To proclaim (a bede, prayer); to pray.
    • 1590, Edmund Spendser, The Faerie Queene, I.x:
      All night she spent in bidding of her bedes, / And all the day in doing good and godly deedes.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

bid (plural bids)

  1. An offer at an auction, or to carry out a piece of work.
    His bid was $35,000.
    a bid for a lucrative transport contract
  2. (ultimate frisbee) A (failed) attempt to receive or intercept a pass.
    Nice bid!
  3. An attempt, effort, or pursuit (of a goal).
    Their efforts represented a sincere bid for success.
    She put in her bid for the presidency.
    He put in his bid for office.
    • 2012 May 13, Alistair Magowan, “Sunderland 0-1 Man Utd”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Then, as the Sunderland fans' cheers bellowed around the stadium, United's title bid was over when it became apparent City had pinched a last-gasp winner to seal their first title in 44 years.
    • 1967, William F. Nolan and George Clayton Johnson, Logan's Run, May 1976 Bantam Books edition, →ISBN, page 16:
      [Running,] Doyle had passed up a dozen chances to go underground. He was swinging east again making another bid for Arcade.
Derived terms
Translations

References

  1. ^ Bid, bade, bidden”, Grammarist

Anagrams


Afrikaans bid definition

Etymology

From Dutch bidden.

Pronunciation

Verb

bid (present bid, present participle biddende, past participle gebid)

  1. to pray

References


Cimbrian bid definition

Etymology

Related to German Weide (willow; wicker).

Noun

bid m (plural biddardiminutive bìddale)

  1. (Sette Comuni) wicker, osier

Declension

References

  • “bid” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Danish bid definition

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bit n, from Proto-Germanic *bitą. Derived from the verb *bītaną (to bite).

Pronunciation

Noun

bid n (singular definite biddet, plural indefinite bid)

  1. bite (act of biting)
Inflection

Etymology 2

From Old Norse biti m, from Proto-Germanic *bitô, cognate with German Bissen. Derived from the verb *bītaną (to bite).

Pronunciation

Noun

bid c (singular definite bidden, plural indefinite bidder)

  1. bit, morsel
  2. bite, mouthful
Inflection

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥iˀð], [ˈb̥iðˀ]

Verb

bid

  1. imperative of bide

Dutch bid definition

Pronunciation

Verb

bid

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bidden
  2. imperative of bidden

Old Irish bid definition

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Verb

bid

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person singular past subjunctive
    2. third-person singular future

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bid bid
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Volapük bid definition

Pronunciation

Noun

bid (nominative plural bids)

  1. (taxonomy) genus
  2. sort; kind; type
  3. race

Declension

Synonyms

Derived terms

  • bidäd
  • bidädik
  • bidanem
  • bidik
  • filigabid
  • garidabid
  • hügien bidädik
  • kaktudabid
  • menabid
  • menabidädahet
  • menabidädakomip
  • menabidädihet
  • nimabid
  • planabid
  • vödabid

Welsh bid definition

Verb

bid

  1. (literary) third-person singular imperative of bod

Synonyms

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bid fid mid unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zhuang bid definition

Pronunciation

Noun

bid (Sawndip forms or ⿰虫畢, old orthography bid)

  1. cicada
    Synonyms: (dialectal) biqrengh, (dialectal) nengzceq