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base definition

Overview

This page has 112 definitions of base with English translations in 16 languages. Base is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use base in a sentence are shown. Also define these 0 related words and terms: .

See also: Base, BASE, basé, and Báse

English base definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English base, bas, baas, from Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis). Doublet of basis.

Noun

base (plural bases)

  1. Something from which other things extend; a foundation.
    1. A supporting, lower or bottom component of a structure or object.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, in The China Governess[1]:
        Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall. Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime. Their bases were on a level with the pavement outside, a narrow way which was several feet lower than the road behind the house.
  2. The starting point of a logical deduction or thought; basis.
  3. A permanent structure for housing military personnel and material.
  4. The place where decisions for an organization are made; headquarters.
  5. (cooking, painting, pharmacy) A basic but essential component or ingredient.
  6. A substance used as a mordant in dyeing.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ure to this entry?)
  7. (cosmetics) Foundation: a cosmetic cream to make the face appear uniform.
  8. (chemistry) Any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.
  9. Important areas in games and sports.
    1. A safe zone in the children's games of tag and hide-and-go-seek.
    2. (baseball) One of the four places that a runner can stand without being subject to being tagged out when the ball is in play.
  10. (architecture) The lowermost part of a column, between the shaft and the pedestal or pavement.
  11. (biology, biochemistry) A nucleotide's nucleobase in the context of a DNA or RNA biopolymer.
  12. (botany) The end of a leaf, petal or similar organ where it is attached to its support.
  13. (electronics) The name of the controlling terminal of a bipolar transistor (BJT).
  14. (geometry) The lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.
  15. (heraldry) The lowest third of a shield or escutcheon.
  16. (heraldry) The lower part of the field. See escutcheon.
  17. (mathematics) A number raised to the power of an exponent.
    The logarithm to base 2 of 8 is 3.
  18. (mathematics) Synonym of radix.
  19. (topology) The set of sets from which a topology is generated.
  20. (topology) A topological space, looked at in relation to one of its covering spaces, fibrations, or bundles.
  21. (group theory) A sequence of elements not jointly stabilized by any nontrivial group element.
  22. (acrobatics, cheerleading) In hand-to-hand balance, the person who supports the flyer; the person that remains in contact with the ground.
  23. (linguistics) A morpheme (or morphemes) that serves as a basic foundation on which affixes can be attached.
  24. (music) Dated form of bass.
  25. (military, historical) The smallest kind of cannon.
  26. (archaic) The housing of a horse.
  27. (historical, in the plural) A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armour) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
  28. (obsolete) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
  29. (obsolete) An apron.
    • 1613, John Marston, The Insatiate Countess
      bakers in their linen bases
  30. A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Lyman to this entry?)
  31. (politics) A group of voters who almost always support a single party's candidates for elected office.
  32. (Marxism) The forces and relations of production that produce the necessities and amenities of life.
  33. A material that holds paint or other materials together; a binder.
  34. (aviation) Short for base leg.
Synonyms
  • (chemical compound that will neutralize an acid): alkali
Antonyms
  • (chemical compound that will neutralize an alkali): acid
  • (end of a leaf): apex
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
 
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also

Other terms used in arithmetic operations:

Verb

base (third-person singular simple present bases, present participle basing, simple past and past participle based)

  1. (transitive) To give as its foundation or starting point; to lay the foundation of.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      Firstly, I continue to base most species treatments on personally collected material, rather than on herbarium plants.
  2. (transitive) To be located (at a particular place).
  3. (acrobatics, cheerleading) To act as a base; to be the person supporting the flyer.
    • 2005, John T. Warren, Laura B. Lengel, Casting Gender: Women and Performance in Intercultural Context, →ISBN, page 73:
      Apart from time taken out during radio- and chemotherapy, Maurs continued to participate in POW. She would base a flyer in a double balance and make the audience laugh with her clowning antics for two more shows.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English base, bas, from Old French bas, from Late Latin bassus (low). Cognate with Spanish bajo, Italian basso and base.

Adjective

base (comparative baser or more base, superlative basest or most base)

  1. (obsolete) Low in height; short.
  2. Low in place or position.
  3. (obsolete) Of low value or degree.
  4. (archaic) Of low social standing or rank; vulgar, common.
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, De Augmentis Scientiarum
      a peasant and base swain
  5. Morally reprehensible, immoral; cowardly.
  6. (now rare) Inferior; unworthy, of poor quality.
  7. (of a metal) Not considered precious or noble.
  8. Alloyed with inferior metal; debased.
    base coin
    base bullion
  9. (obsolete) Of illegitimate birth; bastard.
  10. Not classical or correct.
  11. Obsolete form of bass.
    the base tone of a violin
  12. (law) Not held by honourable service.
    A base estate is one held by services not honourable, or held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant is a base tenant.
Usage notes
  • Said of fellows, motives, occupations, etc.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3

Probably a specific use of Etymology 1, above; perhaps also a development of the plural of bar.

Noun

base (uncountable)

  1. (now chiefly US, historical) The game of prisoners' bars. [from 15th c.]

Etymology 4

Variant forms.

Noun

base

  1. Alternative form of BASE
Derived terms

Further reading

Anagrams


Afrikaans base definition

Noun

base

  1. plural of baas

Asturian base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Noun

base f (plural bases)

  1. base

Related terms


Catalan base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Pronunciation

Noun

base f (plural bases)

  1. base
  2. basis
  3. grounding
  4. foundation

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


Czech base definition

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Noun

base

  1. dative singular of basa
  2. locative singular of basa
  3. vocative singular of bas
  4. locative singular of bas

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Noun

base f

  1. Obsolete form of báze.

Declension


Danish base definition

Noun

base c (singular definite basen, plural indefinite baser)

  1. (chemistry) base (generally understood to be a Brønsted-Lowry base)
  2. (military) base
  3. headquarters

Declension

Synonyms


Dutch base definition

Alternative forms

  • basis (obsolete in this sense)

Etymology

Borrowed from French base, from Latin basis. Doublet of basis. Also a distant doublet of komst, via Proto-Indo-European *gʷḿ̥tis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaː.zə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ba‧se
  • Rhymes: -aːzə

Noun

base f (plural basen, diminutive basetje n)

  1. (chemistry) base (class of compounds), alkali

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

  • basisch
  • basenpaar
  • basenvolgorde
  • Lewisbase

Descendants

  • Indonesian: basa

References

  • base” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]

French base definition

Etymology

From Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Pronunciation

Noun

base f (plural bases)

  1. base (bottom part of something)
  2. base (safe place)
  3. base, basis (fundamental belief)
  4. (chemistry) base
Derived terms

Further reading


Galician base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Noun

base f (plural bases)

  1. base

Related terms


Italian base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Pronunciation

Noun

base f (plural basi)

  1. base, alkaline
  2. basis
  3. (figuratively) mainstay

Antonyms

Related terms


Latin base definition

Noun

base

  1. ablative singular of basis

Middle English base definition

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βᾰ́σῐς (básis), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷémtis.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

base (plural bases)

  1. A foundation or base; the bottom of a building.
  2. The foundation, base, or bottom of a column, statue, or vase.
  3. (rare) Padding inserted below a horse's bridle.
  4. (rare) A hand's palm; the section of a hand below the fingers.
  5. (rare) The bottom portion of a dress.
  6. (rare, alchemy) The mix of metals used as a base for alchemical operations.
Descendants
References

Etymology 2

Adjective

base

  1. Alternative form of bas

Etymology 3

Noun

base

  1. Alternative form of bace

Moore base definition

Pronunciation

Verb

base

  1. to leave
  2. to cancel, stop, cease
  3. to abandon, throw away

Northern Sami base definition

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈpase/

Verb

base

  1. inflection of bassit:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Norwegian Bokmål base definition

Etymology

From English base, and French base (in chemistry)

Noun

base m (definite singular basen, indefinite plural baser, definite plural basene)

  1. (chemistry, military, general) a base

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk base definition

Etymology

From English base, and French base (in chemistry)

Noun

base m (definite singular basen, indefinite plural basar, definite plural basane)

  1. (chemistry, military, general) a base

Derived terms

References


Old French base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Noun

base f (oblique plural bases, nominative singular base, nominative plural bases)

  1. base (bottom part; supporting part)

Descendants

References

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (base, supplement)

Portuguese base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Pronunciation

Noun

base f (plural bases)

  1. basis
  2. base
  3. (chemistry) base
  4. groundwork

Antonyms


Spanish base definition

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσ&iota (básis).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbase/, [ˈba.se]
  • (file)

Noun

base f (plural bases)

  1. base
  2. basis
  3. (linear algebra) basis
  4. grounding
  5. foundation
  6. (basketball) point guard
  7. (baseball) base

Derived terms

Related terms

Verb

base

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of basar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of basar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of basar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of basar.

Venetian base definition

Adjective

base f

  1. feminine plural of baso