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art definition

Overview

This page has 47 definitions of art with English translations in 14 languages. Art is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use art in a sentence are shown. Also define these 77 related words and terms: conscious, production, arrangement, sound, colour, form, movement, element, beautiful, graphic, plastic, medium, expatiate, perception, object, creative, aesthetic, study, product, value, artwork, field, category, painting, sculpture, music, ballet, literature, learning, liberal arts, skill, practice, observation, contrivance, be, thou, art, fishing net, back, sırt, kind, nature, species, stone, plow, prepare, land, sow, use, earth, dinja, ground, soil, been, medieval, trivium, quadrivium, subject, execution, realisation, craft, competency, conducting, code of conduct, oration, argument, speech, speaking, behaviour, action, district, locality, character, biology, bear, mathgamain, and argr.

English art definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English art, from Old French art, from Latin artem, accusative of ars (art). Displaced native Old English cræft.

Noun

A painting showing many kinds of art, including literature, music, and painting itself.

art (countable and uncountable, plural arts)

Wikiquote

Wikisource

Wikibooks

  1. (uncountable) The conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colours, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the senses and emotions, usually specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium.
    There is a debate as to whether graffiti is art or vandalism.
    • 1992 May 3, "Comrade Bingo" Jeeves and Wooster, Series 3, Episode 6:
      B.W. Wooster: If you ask me, art is responsible for most of the trouble in the world.
      R. Jeeves: An interesting theory, sir. Would you care to expatiate upon it?
      B.W. Wooster: As a matter of fact, no, Jeeves. The thought just occurred to me, as thoughts do.
      R. Jeeves: Very good, sir.
    • 2005 July, Lynn Freed, Harper's:
      "I tell her what Donald Hall says: that the problem with workshops is that they trivialize art by minimizing the terror."
    • 2009, Alexander Brouwer:
      Visual art is a subjective understanding or perception of the viewer as well as a deliberate/conscious arrangement or creation of elements like colours, forms, movements, sounds, objects or other elements that produce a graphic or plastic whole that expresses thoughts, ideas or visions of the artist.
    • Form definition
      To do with shape.
      1. The shape or visible structure of a thing or person.
      2. A thing that gives shape to other things as in a mold.
      3. Regularity, beauty, or elegance.
      4. The inherent nature of an object; that which the mind itself contributes as the condition of knowing; that in which the essence of a thing consists.
      5. Characteristics not involving atomic components. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
      6. A long bench with no back.
      7. The boundary line of a material object. In painting, more generally, the human body.
      8. The combination of planes included under a general crystallographic symbol. It is not necessarily a closed solid.
      (1 of 27 form definitions)
    • Expatiate definition
      To write or speak at length; to be copious in argument or discussion. (1 of 3 expatiate definitions)
  2. (uncountable) The creative and emotional expression of mental imagery, such as visual, auditory, social, etc.
  3. (countable) Skillful creative activity, usually with an aesthetic focus.
    She's mastered the art of programming.
  4. (uncountable) The study and the product of these processes.
    He's at university to study art.
    • Study definition
      To review materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination. (1 of 6 study definitions)
  5. (uncountable) Aesthetic value.
    Her photographs are nice, but there's no art in them.
  6. (uncountable) Artwork.
    Sotheby's regularly auctions art for millions.
    • Artwork definition
      A painting, drawing, sculpture or other piece of creative, visual art (1 of 3 artwork definitions)
  7. (countable) A field or category of art, such as painting, sculpture, music, ballet, or literature.
    I'm a great supporter of the arts.
  8. (countable) A nonscientific branch of learning; one of the liberal arts.
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory. Its apparent simplicity explains why it is scrutinised down to tenths of a percentage point every month.
  9. (countable) Skill that is attained by study, practice, or observation.
    • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society 1985, page 217:
      A physician was immediately sent for; but on the first moment of beholding the corpse, he declared that Elvira's recovery was beyond the power of art.
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, page 58:
      The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on a certain afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
  10. (uncountable, dated) Contrivance, scheming, manipulation.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Hyponyms
Derived terms
  • Pages starting with “art”.
  • Descendants
    Translations
    The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English art, from Old English eart ((thou) art), second-person singular present indicative of wesan, from Proto-Germanic *ar-t ((thou) art", originally, "(thou) becamest), second-person singular preterite indicative form of *iraną (to rise, be quick, become active), from Proto-Indo-European *er-, *or(w)- (to lift, rise, set in motion). Cognate with Faroese ert (art), Icelandic ert (art), Old English earon (are), from the same preterite-present Germanic verb. More at are.

    Verb

    art

    1. (archaic) second-person singular simple present form of be
      How great thou art!

    See also

    References

    • art on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
    • art at OneLook Dictionary Search
    • "art" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 40.
    • art in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
    • art in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

    Anagrams


    Albanian art definition

    Etymology

    Learned borrowing from Latin ars, artem.

    Noun

    art m (definite singular arti)

    1. art

    Declension

    Synonyms


    Catalan art definition

    Etymology

    From Latin ars.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art m or f (plural arts)

    1. art (something pleasing to the mind)

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    Noun

    art m (plural arts)

    1. fishing net

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    Further reading


    Cornish art definition

    Etymology

    From Latin ars (art).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art m (plural artys)

    1. art

    Crimean Tatar art definition

    Noun

    art

    1. back
      Synonyms: arqa, sırt

    Danish art definition

    Etymology

    From Middle Low German art, from Proto-Germanic *ardiz, cognate with German Art.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art c (singular definite arten, plural indefinite arter)

    1. kind
      • Kind definition
        A type, race or category; a group of entities that have common characteristics such that they may be grouped together. (1 of 8 kind definitions)
    2. nature
    3. species

    Inflection


    French art definition

    Etymology

    From Latin artem, accusative singular of ars.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art m (plural arts)

    1. art (something pleasing to the mind)

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    Descendants

    • Haitian Creole: la (< l'art)

    Further reading

    Anagrams


    Irish art definition

    Etymology

    From Old Irish art, explained in glossaries as “stone”.

    Noun

    art m (genitive singular airt, nominative plural airt)

    1. stone

    Declension

    Derived terms

    Mutation

    Irish mutation
    Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
    art n-art hart not applicable
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    Further reading


    Latvian art definition

    Art
    Art ar traktoru

    Etymology

    From Proto-Baltic [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *ar-, *arə-, *h₂erh₃- (to plow), from *h₁er- (sparse; to crumble, to fall to pieces), whence also the verb irt (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian árti, Old Prussian artoys (plowman) (compare Lithuanian artójas), Old Church Slavonic орати (orati), Russian dialectal or dated ора́ть (orátʹ), Belarusian ара́ць (arácʹ), Ukrainian ора́ти (oráty), Bulgarian ора́ (orá), Czech orati, Polish orać, Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽 (arjan), Old Norse erja, Hittite [Term?] (/ẖarra-/, to crush; (passive form) to disappear), [Term?] (/ẖarš-/, to tear open; to plow), Ancient Greek ἀρόω (aróō), Latin arō.[1]

    Pronunciation

    (file)

    Verb

    art (tr., 1st conj., pres. aru, ar, ar, past aru)

    1. to plow (to prepare (land) for sowing by using a plow)
      art zemito plow the land, earth
      art tīrumu, laukuto plow a field
      art dārzuto plow a garden
      art kūdraino augsnito plow the peaty soil
      art ar traktoruto plow with a tractor
      papuvi ara divi traktoritwo tractors plowed the fallow (land)
      iziet art agri no rītato go plowing early in the morning
      rudenī, rugāju arot, sekoju Jurim pa vagu un sarunājosin autumn, while (he was) plowing the stubble field, I followed Juris along the furrows and talked
      • Plow definition
        Alternative spelling of plough

    Conjugation

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    References

    1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns, “art”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, 1992, →ISBN.

    Maltese art definition

    Etymology

    From Arabic أَرْض(ʾarḍ).

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /art/
    • IPA(key): /aːrt/ (variant, as if spelt *għart)

    Noun

    art f (plural artijiet)

    1. earth (our planet)
      Synonym: dinja
      • Dinja definition
        world
    2. ground; soil

    Middle English art definition

    Etymology 1

    From Old English eart, second person singular of wesan (to be), from Proto-Germanic *art, second person singular of *iraną.

    Alternative forms

    Pronunciation

    Verb

    art

    1. second-person singular present indicative of been
    Usage notes

    This form is more common than bist for the second-person singular.

    Descendants
    • English: art (archaic, dialectal)

    Etymology 2

    Borrowed from Old French art, from Latin artem, accusative form of ars, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tís.

    Alternative forms

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art (plural artes or ars)

    1. A member of the seven medieval liberal arts (the trivium and quadrivium).
    2. The seven medieval liberal arts as a group; the trivium and quadrivium combined.
    3. The foundational knowledge and activities of a field or subject (either academic or trade).
    4. Applied or practical knowledge; the execution or realisation of knowledge.
      • Realisation definition
        Alternative spelling of realization.
    5. Guile, craft or an instance of it; the use of deception or sleight-of hand.
    6. Competency, skill; one's aptitude or ability in a given area or at a given task.
    7. A set of rules or guidelines for conducting oneself; a code of conduct.
    8. (rare) Knowledge, information; the set of things which one has learned about (through formal study).
    9. (rare) Rhetoric; skill in oration, argument, speech, or speaking.
    10. (rare) Human behaviour or action (as opposed to natural happenings).
      • Behaviour definition
        Alternative spelling of behavior
    Descendants
    References

    Etymology 3

    From Old English eard, from Proto-Germanic *ardiz (nature; type). Doublet of erd (nature, disposition).

    Noun

    art

    1. (Northern) district, locality.
    Descendants

    References


    Middle French art definition

    Noun

    art m (plural ars)

    1. art
      • 15th century, Rustichello da Pisa (original author), Mazarine Master (scribe), The Travels of Marco Polo, page 15, line 7-8:
        Il y a de toutes choses habondance, et ils vivent de marchandise et d'art.
        There is an abundance of everything and they make a living from merchandise and from art

    Descendants

    • French: art
      • Haitian Creole: la (< l'art)

    Norwegian Bokmål art definition

    Noun

    art f or m (definite singular arta or arten, indefinite plural arter, definite plural artene)

    1. character, nature, kind
    2. (biology) a species

    Derived terms


    References

    Anagrams


    Norwegian Nynorsk art definition

    Noun

    art m or f (definite singular arten or arta, indefinite plural artar or arter, definite plural artane or artene)

    1. (biology) a species
    2. character, nature, kind

    Derived terms


    Related terms

    References

    Anagrams


    Occitan art definition

    Etymology

    From Latin ars.

    Noun

    art m (plural arts)

    1. art

    Related terms


    Old French art definition

    Etymology

    From Latin artem, accusative of ars.

    Noun

    art m or f (oblique plural arz or artz, nominative singular arz or artz, nominative plural art)

    1. art (skill; practice; method)
      • (Can we date this quote?) Walter of Bibbesworth: Le Tretiz, ed. W. Rothwell, ANTS Plain Texts Series 6, 1990. Date of cited text: circa 1250
        ore serroit a saver de l’art a bresser & brasyr
        Now would be the time to know the art of brewing

    Descendants

    • Middle French: art
      • French: art
        • Haitian Creole: la (< l'art)
    • Norman: art
    • Walloon: årt
    • Middle English: art

    References


    Old Irish art definition

    Etymology

    From Proto-Celtic *artos (bear) (compare Cornish arth, Welsh arth), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art m

    1. bear
      Synonym: mathgamain
      • Mathgamain definition
        bear

    Inflection

    Masculine o-stem
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative art artL airtL
    Vocative airt artL artuH
    Accusative artN artL artuH
    Genitive airtL art artN
    Dative artL artaib artaib
    Initial mutations of a following adjective:
    • H = triggers aspiration
    • L = triggers lenition
    • N = triggers nasalization

    Mutation

    Old Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    art unchanged n-art
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    Old Norse art definition

    Alternative forms

    Adjective

    art

    1. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of argr

    Swedish art definition

    Etymology

    From Old Swedish art.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    art c

    1. species

    Declension

    Declension of art 
    Singular Plural
    Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
    Nominative art arten arter arterna
    Genitive arts artens arters arternas

    References

    Anagrams


    Turkish art definition

    Etymology

    From Proto-Turkic *hārt (back). Cognate with Turkish arka.

    Noun

    art (definite accusative artı, plural artlar)

    1. back

    Declension

    Inflection
    Nominative art
    Definite accusative artı
    Singular Plural
    Nominative art artlar
    Definite accusative artı artları
    Dative arta artlara
    Locative artta artlarda
    Ablative arttan artlardan
    Genitive artın artların