🤩 Discover new information from across the web

antagonist

Overview

This page has 7 definitions of antagonist in English, Danish, and Romanian, Moldavian, Moldovan. Antagonist is a noun and adjective. Examples of how to use antagonist in a sentence are shown. Also define these 14 related words and terms: opponent, enemy, antagonize, biochemistry, receptor, physiological, agonist, character, protagonist, literary, anatomy, muscle, literature, and antagonist.

See also: Antagonist

English

Etymology

From Latin antagonista, from Ancient Greek ἀνταγωνιστής (antagōnistḗs, opponent) (ἀντί (antí, against) + ἀγωνιστής (agōnistḗs, a combatant, pleader, actor)), from ἀνταγωνίζεσθαι (antagōnízesthai, antagonize).

Pronunciation

Noun

antagonist (plural antagonists)

  1. An opponent or enemy.
    • Opponent definition
      One who opposes another; one who works or takes a position against someone or something; one who attempts to stop the progress of someone or something. (1 of 5 opponent definitions)
  2. One who antagonizes or stirs.
    • Antagonize definition
      to work against; to oppose
  3. (biochemistry) A chemical that binds to a receptor but does not produce a physiological response, blocking the action of agonist chemicals.
    • 2001: The calcium antagonists represent one of the top ten classes of prescription drugs in terms of commercial value, with worldwide sales of nearly $10 billion in 1999. — Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 41)
  4. (authorship) The main character or force opposing the protagonist in a literary work or drama.
  5. (anatomy) A muscle that acts in opposition to another.
    A flexor, which bends a part, is the antagonist of an extensor, which extends it.

Antonyms

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams


Danish

Noun

antagonist c (singular definite antagonisten, plural indefinite antagonister)

  1. (literature) antagonist

Declension

Synonyms

Further reading


Romanian

Etymology

From French antagoniste, from Latin antagonista.

Adjective

antagonist m or n (feminine singular antagonistă, masculine plural antagoniști, feminine and neuter plural antagoniste)

  1. antagonist

Declension