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air definition

Overview

This page has 55 definitions of air with English translations in 12 languages. Air is a noun, verb, romanization, pronoun, conjunction and preposition. Examples of how to use air in a sentence are shown. Also define these 106 related words and terms: meteorology, substance, constituting, earth, atmosphere, particularly, philosophy, alchemy, understood, one, four, element, ancient, Greek, Roman, medicine, particular, local, suppose, effect, human, health, physics, gaseous, mixture, nitrogen, oxygen, various, trace, gas, apparently, open, space, above, ground, this, fill, formerly, thought, limit, firmament, now, consider, surround, near, vacuum, outer space, breeze, wind, feeling, sense, sophistication, poise, graciousness, quality, pretentious, snobby, pretence, music, aria, nothing, air conditioner, chemistry, snowboarding, skateboarding, publicity, freshen, dry, ventilate, stuffy, discuss, broadcast, ignore, air, pretension, attitude, tune, melody, appearance, 𐌰𐌹𐍂, water, cockfight, round, spraying, transitive, intransitive, plough, ar, woman, oar, for, strip off, wipe off, ropelike, drawing, hand, fingers, on, upon, of, concerning, on account of, by, him, it, and gair.

See also: áir, -air, 'air, air., and àir.

English air definition

The composition of the air.

Alternative forms

  • aire, ayre, eyr (obsolete)
  • ayr (especially when referring to the form of music)

Etymology

From Middle English air, eir (gas, atmosphere), from Anglo-Norman aeir, eyer, Old French aire, eir, from Latin āēr, from Ancient Greek ἀήρ (aḗr, wind, atmosphere). Displaced native Middle English luft, lift (air) (from Old English lyft (air, atmosphere)), Middle English loft (air, upper region) (from Old Norse lopt (air, sky, loft)). More at lift, loft.

Pronunciation

Noun

air (countable and uncountable, plural airs)

  1. (uncountable, meteorology) The substance constituting earth's atmosphere, particularly:
    I'm going outside to get some air.
    1. (historical, philosophy, alchemy) understood as one of the four elements of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
    2. (historical, medicine) understood as a particular local substance with supposed effects on human health.
      • 1991 May 12, "Kidnapped!" Jeeves and Wooster, Series 2, Episode 5:
        Jeeves: Foreign travel often liberates emotions best kept in check, sir. The air of North America is notoriously stimulating in this regard, as witness the regrettable behavior of its inhabitants in 1776.
        B. Wooster: Hm? What happened in 1776, Jeeves?
        Jeeves: I prefer not to dwell on it, if it's convenient to you, sir.
      There was a tension in the air which made me suspect an approaching storm.
    3. (physics) understood as a gaseous mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and various trace gases.
    • Understood definition
      Having been comprehended.
    • Gaseous definition
      Relating to, or existing as gas (matter in an intermediate state between liquid and plasma). (1 of 3 gaseous definitions)
    • Various definition
      More than one (of an indeterminate set of things).
  2. (usually with the) The apparently open space above the ground which this substance fills, (historical) formerly thought to be limited by the firmament but (meteorology) now considered to be surrounded by the near vacuum of outer space.
    The flock of birds took to the air.
    • Limit definition
      A restriction; a bound beyond which one may not go. (1 of 12 limit definitions)
  3. A breeze; a gentle wind.
  4. A feeling or sense.
    to give it an air of artistry and sophistication
    • November 2 2014, Daniel Taylor, "Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United," guardian.co.uk
      Smalling’s quick one-two of yellow cards towards the end of the first half had left an air of inevitability about what would follow and, if anything, it was probably a surprise that City restricted themselves to Sergio Agüero’s goal bearing in mind another of United’s defenders, Marcos Rojo, was taken off on a stretcher early in the second half with a dislocated shoulder.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
      The girl stooped to pluck a rose, and as she bent over it, her profile was clearly outlined. She held the flower to her face with a long-drawn inhalation, then went up the steps, crossed the piazza, opened the door without knocking, and entered the house with the air of one thoroughly at home.
  5. A sense of poise, graciousness, or quality.
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, Volume I, Chapter 4:
      "He is very plain, undoubtedly—remarkably plain:—but that is nothing compared with his entire want of gentility. I had no right to expect much, and I did not expect much; but I had no idea that he could be so very clownish, so totally without air. I had imagined him, I confess, a degree or two nearer gentility."
    • Graciousness definition
      The state of being gracious.
  6. (usually in the plural) Pretension; snobbishness; pretence that one is better than others.
    putting on airs
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement.
    • Snobby definition
      Characteristic of a snob.
  7. (music) A song, especially a solo; an aria.
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Chapter 18:
      "If I," said Mr. Collins, "were so fortunate as to be able to sing, I should have great pleasure, I am sure, in obliging the company with an air; for I consider music as a very innocent diversion, and perfectly compatible with the profession of a clergyman [] "
    • Aria definition
      A musical piece written typically for a solo voice with orchestral accompaniment in an opera or cantata.
  8. (informal) Nothing; absence of anything.
  9. (countable, uncountable) An air conditioner or the processed air it produces.
    Could you turn on the air?
    Hey, did you mean to leave the airs on all week while you were on vacation?
  10. (obsolete, chemistry) Any specific gas.
    • Chemistry definition
      The branch of natural science that deals with the composition and constitution of substances and the changes that they undergo as a consequence of alterations in the constitution of their molecules. (1 of 3 chemistry definitions)
  11. (snowboarding, skateboarding, motor sports) A jump in which one becomes airborne.
  12. A television or radio signal.
    • 1996, Thomas Streeter, Selling the Air, →ISBN:
      Ernst gave a list of political activists who had been denied access to the air by private broadcasters, and pointed out that "Secretary Hoover's signature in New York sells for $150,000 to $200,000," thus limiting access to the air on the part of labor unions and other underrepresented groups.
    • 2001, Dana Stabenow, The Singing of the Dead, →ISBN, page 17:
      Coming to you live once a month, or whenever I feel like broadcasting a little pirate air.
  13. (uncountable) Publicity.

Synonyms

Derived terms

 

Pages starting with “air”.

Related terms

Translations

See air/translations § Noun.

Verb

air (third-person singular simple present airs, present participle airing, simple past and past participle aired)

  1. To bring (something) into contact with the air, so as to freshen or dry it.
  2. To let fresh air into a room or a building, to ventilate.
    It's getting quite stuffy in this room: let's open the windows and air it.
  3. To discuss varying viewpoints on a given topic.
    • 1917, National Geographic, v.31, March 1917:
      Thus, in spite of all opposition, the rural and urban assemblies retained the germ of local government, and in spite of the dual control, as the result of which much of their influence was nullified, they did have a certain value in airing abuses and suggesting improvements.
  4. (transitive) To broadcast (a television show etc.).
  5. (intransitive) To be broadcast.
    This game show first aired in the 1990s and is still going today.
  6. (Britain, MLE, slang) To ignore (a person).
    Why is this girl airing me?

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams


Cornish air definition

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

air m

  1. air

Dutch air definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French air, from Middle French air, from Old French air, from Latin āēr.

Pronunciation

Noun

air m (plural airs, diminutive airtje n)

  1. air, pretension or pretentious attitude
  2. tune, melody
    • Melody definition
      tune; sequence of notes that makes up a musical phrase

Descendants


French air definition

Etymology

From Old French air, aire, from Latin āēr.

Pronunciation

Noun

air m (plural airs)

  1. air (gases of the atmosphere)
  2. tune, aria
  3. appearance
  4. air (pretension)

Derived terms

Further reading

Anagrams


Gothic air definition

Romanization

air

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌹𐍂
    • 𐌰𐌹𐍂 definition
      early, soon

Indonesian air definition

air

Etymology

From Malay air, from Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Pronunciation

Noun

air (first-person possessive airku, second-person possessive airmu, third-person possessive airnya)

  1. water
    1. clear liquid H₂O
    2. mineral water
    3. one of the four elements in alchemy
    4. one of the five basic elements in some other theories
    • Water definition
      A substance (of molecular formula H2O) found at room temperature and pressure as a clear liquid; it is present naturally as rain, and found in rivers, lakes and seas; its solid form is ice and its gaseous form is steam. (1 of 18 water definitions)
  2. (colloquial) a cockfight round which started by spraying water to the cock.

Derived terms

 
  • air abu
  • air adas
  • air adhesif
  • air adsorpsi
  • air aerial
  • air agresif
  • air aki
  • air alam
  • air alami
  • air alas
  • air alkali
  • air ampai
  • air ampuh
  • air anaerob
  • air anggur
  • air api
  • air aromatik
  • air artesis
  • air arwah
  • air asam
  • air asin
  • air asli
  • air atar
  • air awamineral
  • air babak
  • air bad
  • air bah
  • air bakat
  • air baku
  • air balas
  • air bawaan
  • air bawah permukaan
  • air bawah tanah
  • air bebas
  • air bebas mineral
  • air beku
  • air belanda
  • air bena
  • air beras
  • air berat
  • air bergerak
  • air bermineral
  • air bersih
  • air besar
  • air biofilter
  • air biru
  • air boron
  • air bumi
  • air celah
  • air comberan
  • air curah
  • air dadih
  • air demineralisasi
  • air diam
  • air didih
  • air doa
  • air ekstraseluler
  • air emas
  • air es
  • air fosil
  • air freatik
  • air garam
  • air got
  • air gravitasi
  • air hablur
  • air heksagonal
  • air hidroskopik
  • air hidung
  • air higroskopis
  • air hitam
  • air imbibisi
  • air infusan
  • air intraselular
  • air irigasi
  • air jenuh
  • air jeruk
  • air juvenil
  • air kandang
  • air kapiler
  • air kapur
  • air karbonat
  • air keling
  • air kemih
  • air kencing
  • air keras
  • air ketuban
  • air ki
  • air kisi
  • air koloh-koloh
  • air konduktivitas
  • air kristalisasi
  • air kubangan
  • air kujumas
  • air kumbahan
  • air kumur
  • air label ganda
  • air landa
  • air lata
  • air laut
  • air laut saniter
  • air leding
  • air limbah
  • air lingkar
  • air liur
  • air ludah
  • air lunak
  • air magma
  • air malihan
  • air mampu curah
  • air mancur
  • air mandi
  • air mani
  • air manis
  • air maram
  • air masin
  • air mata
  • air mata buaya
  • air mata duyung
  • air matang
  • air mati
  • air maulhayat
  • air mawar
  • air merta jiwa
  • air metabolik
  • air metabolisme
  • air mineral
  • air minum
  • air muka
  • air mustakmal
  • air najis
  • air normal
  • air oligotrofik
  • air pasang
  • air payau
  • air pemandian alam
  • air pengisi
  • air penyeimbang beban
  • air perak
  • air perbani
  • air permen
  • air permukaan
  • air pertumbuhan
  • air primer
  • air purwa
  • air pusar
  • air putih
  • air raksa
  • air rasa
  • air ruang antara
  • air ruban
  • air sabun
  • air sadah
  • air saput
  • air sebak
  • air segar
  • air selera
  • air sembahyang
  • air sembilan
  • air senak
  • air seni
  • air senyawa
  • air serani
  • air setaman
  • air sisipan
  • air soda
  • air suci
  • air suling
  • air suling dua kali
  • air sumur
  • air suri
  • air surut
  • air susu
  • air susu jolong
  • air susu pengganti
  • air takbermineral
  • air taktersedia
  • air talkin
  • air tambang asam
  • air tanah
  • air tanah anteseden
  • air tanah bebas
  • air tanah lapisan atas
  • air tanah limpasan hujan
  • air tanah tetap
  • air tanah tubir
  • air tanih
  • air tawar
  • air teh
  • air tenang
  • air tepung tawar
  • air terdemineralisasi
  • air terikat
  • air terjun
  • air terminumkan
  • air tersedia
  • air tersekap
  • air tersenyawa
  • air timah
  • air timpas
  • air tolak bala
  • air tolak bara
  • air tuban
  • air utama jiwa
  • air wangi
  • air wudu
 

Related terms

 

Further reading


Irish air definition

Etymology 1

From Old Irish airid (ploughs, tills).

Pronunciation

Verb

air (present analytic aireann, future analytic airfidh, verbal noun ar, past participle airthe)

  1. (literary, transitive, intransitive) plough
    • Plough definition
      A device pulled through the ground in order to break it open into furrows for planting. (1 of 7 plough definitions)
Conjugation

Noun

air m

  1. genitive singular of ar

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (stressed) /ɛɾʲ/, (unstressed) /əɾʲ/

Pronoun

air (emphatic airsean)

  1. third-person singular masculine of ar (on him, on it m)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
air n-air hair not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References


Kedah Malay air definition

Etymology

From Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Pronunciation

Noun

air

  1. water.
    Air manis
    Sweet water

Kein air definition

Pronunciation

Noun

air

  1. woman

Further reading


Ludian air definition

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *airo.

Noun

air

  1. oar
    • Oar definition
      A type of lever used to propel a boat, having a flat blade at one end and a handle at the other, and pivoted in a rowlock atop the gunwale, whereby a rower seated in the boat and pulling the handle can pass the blade through the water by repeated strokes against the water's resistance, thus moving the boat. (1 of 3 oar definitions)

Malay air definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

First attested in the Talang Tuo inscription, 684AD. From Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Pronunciation

Noun

air (Jawi spelling اءير‎, informal 1st possessive airku, impolite 2nd possessive airmu, 3rd possessive airnya)

  1. water (liquid H2O)
    • 2012, Faridah Abdul Rashid, Research on the Early Malay Doctors : 1900-1957 : Malaya and Singapore [2]
      loji rawatan air
      water treatment plant

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Indonesian: air

References

  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Norman air definition

Etymology

From Latin āēr.

Noun

air m (plural airs)

  1. air (mixture of gases that make up the earth's atmosphere)

Related terms


Old French air definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin āēr.

Noun

air m (oblique plural airs, nominative singular airs, nominative plural air)

  1. air (mixture of gases that make up the earth's atmosphere)

Descendants


Old Irish air definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From the same root as ar (for, preposition).

Pronunciation

Conjunction

air

  1. for (because, since)
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 55d11
      Amal du·berad nech hi ceist do Dauid: “Húare is móir sléb fírinne Dǽ, cid ara fodmai-siu, ⟨a⟩ Dauid, didiu a ndu imnedaib ⁊ frithoircnib fo·daimi? Air it fírián-⟨s⟩u.” Ícaid-som didiu anísin, a n-as·mbeir iudicia Domini abisus multa .i. ataat mesai Dǽ nephchomtetarrachti amal abis ⁊ amal fudumain. Is ed in sin fod·era in n-erígim, cid ara fodaim int aís fírián inna fochaidi, ⁊ cid ara mbiat in pecthaig isnaib soinmechaib.
      As though someone had put as a question to David: “Because God’s righteousness is as great as a mountain, why then, David, dost thou suffer what of afflictions and injuries thou sufferest? For thou art righteous.” He solves that then when he says “iudicia Domini abyssus multa”, i.e. there are judgments of God incomprehensible like an abyss and like a depth. That is what causes the complaint why the righteous folk endure tribulations, and why sinners are in prosperity.
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 159a2
      Air in tan no·labrither in cétni persin ꝉ in tánaisi do·adbit ainm hi suidiu.
      For when you say the first person or the second, you show a noun in this.
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 159a3
      Is airi ní táet comsuidigud fri rangabáil, húare as coibnesta do bréthir: ar is lour comsuidigud fri suidi, air bid comsuidigud etarscartha comsuidigud rangabálae.
      This is why composition does not occur with a participle, because it is akin to a verb: for composition with the latter is sufficient, for composition of a participle will be separated composition.

Pohnpeian air definition

Pronunciation

Verb

air

  1. (transitive) to strip off, as when stripping insulation off a wire
  2. (transitive) to wipe off a ropelike object by drawing it through one's hand or fingers
    Air mahs keleuen.
    Please wipe the sap off the hibiscus bast.
    • Ropelike definition
      Resembling rope.

Scottish Gaelic air definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Irish for. Cognates include Irish ar and Manx er.

Preposition

air (+ dative)

  1. on, upon
    air bàrr a' bhallaon top of the wall
    Tha mi air an rathanI'm on my way.
  2. of, concerning
    iomradh air do ghliocasa report of thy wisdom
    • Of definition
      Expressing distance or motion.
      1. From (of distance, direction), "off".
      2. Since, from (a given time, earlier state etc.).
      3. From, away from (a position, number, distance etc.). (1 of 49 of definitions)
  3. for, on account of
    air an aobhar sinfor that reason
  4. by
    air ainmby name
Inflection
Personal inflection of air
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st orm ormsa
2nd ort ortsa
3rd m air airsan
3rd f oirre oirrese
Plural 1st oirnn oirnne
2nd oirbh oirbhse
3rd orra orrasan
Usage notes
  • The word air and its derivates are used in many idioms:
    Dè an t-ainm a tha ort?What's your name? (What the name that is on you?)
    Tha an t-acras orm.I'm hungry. (The hunger is on me.)
Derived terms
 

Etymology 2

From Old Irish for. Cognates include Irish air and Manx er.

Pronoun

air

  1. third-person singular masculine of air: on him, on it
    • It definition
      The third-person singular personal pronoun that is normally used to refer to an inanimate object or abstract entity, also often used to refer to animals. (1 of 9 it definitions)
Inflection
Personal inflection of air
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st orm ormsa
2nd ort ortsa
3rd m air airsan
3rd f oirre oirrese
Plural 1st oirnn oirnne
2nd oirbh oirbhse
3rd orra orrasan

References

  • air” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Complied by Malcolm MacLennan)

Veps air definition

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *airo.

Noun

air

  1. oar

Welsh air definition

Pronunciation

Noun

air

  1. Soft mutation of gair.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gair air ngair unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.