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Mass definition

Overview

This page has 13 definitions of Mass with English translations in 5 languages. Mass is a noun and proper noun. Also define these 28 related words and terms: principal, liturgical, service, church, scripture, consecration, oblation, host, ceremony, Christian, churches, music, Massachusetts, Mas, given name, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Maß, mass, Roman Catholicism, Mass, paste, dough, physics, weight, electronics, earth, and ground.

See also: mass, maß, Maß, Mass., and måss

English Mass definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English messe, from Old English mæsse and Old French messe, both from Late Latin missa, from Latin mittō (to send, dismiss), compare French messe. In the ancient churches, the public services at which the catechumens were permitted to be present were called missa catechumenorum, ending with the reading of the Gospel. Then they were dismissed with the words: "Ite, missa est", the congregation is dismissed. After that the sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said to those who remained. So the word gave the name of Mass to the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. Compare Christmas, Lammas, Mess a dish, missal. Doublet of missa.

Noun

Mass (countable and uncountable, plural Masses)

  1. (Roman Catholic Church) The principal liturgical service of the Church, including a scripture service and a eucharistic service, which includes the consecration and oblation (offering) of the host and wine.
    • Liturgical definition
      Pertaining to liturgy.
    • Host definition
      One which receives or entertains a guest, socially, commercially, or officially. (1 of 8 host definitions)
  2. A similar ceremony offered by a number of Christian churches.
  3. (music) A musical composition set to portions of the Mass.
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Short forms.

Proper noun

Mass

  1. Abbreviation of Massachusetts.
  2. Alternative form of Mas

Anagrams


Faroese Mass definition

Proper noun

Mass m

  1. A male given name.

Usage notes

Patronymics

  • son of Mass: Massson
  • daughter of Mass: Massdóttir

Declension

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Mass
Accusative Mass
Dative Massi
Genitive Mass

German Mass definition

Pronunciation

Noun

Mass

  1. Switzerland and Liechtenstein standard spelling of Maß.

Further reading

  • Mass” in Duden online

Hunsrik Mass definition

Pronunciation

Noun

Mass f (plural Masse)

  1. mass

Further reading


Luxembourgish Mass definition

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle High German misse, from Old High German missa (variant of messa), from Latin missa. Cognate with English mass, German Messe, Hunsrik Mess, Danish messe, Dutch mis.

Noun

Mass f (plural Massen)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) mass; Mass (kind of liturgical service)
Derived terms
  • Doudemass
  • Fréimass
  • Krankemass

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French masse.

Noun

Mass f (plural Massen)

  1. mass (great quantity)
  2. paste, dough
  3. (physics) mass, weight
    • Weight definition
      The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by). (1 of 20 weight definitions)
  4. (electronics) earth, ground
    • Electronics definition
      The study and use of electrical devices that operate by controlling the flow of electrons or other electrically charged particles or by converting the flow of charged particles to or from other forms of energy. (1 of 3 electronics definitions)