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COVID-19

Overview

This page has 7 definitions of COVID-19 with English translations in 4 languages. COVID-19 is a proper noun. Examples of how to use COVID-19 in a sentence are shown. Also define these 25 related words and terms: pathology, coronavirus, zoonotic, virology, Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2, medicine, COVID-19, disease, 2019-nCoV, acute, respiratory, Wuhan pneumonia, Wuhan flu, COVID, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome, SARS-CoV-2, China virus, Chinese virus, Wuhan coronavirus, Wuhan virus, virus, influenza, and Covid-19.

Translingual

Etymology

From COVID and the year 2019. The format was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and is to be used for the names of future outbreaks.[1][2][3]

Alternative forms

Proper noun

COVID-19

  1. (pathology) A disease caused by a coronavirus discovered in 2019, in a zoonotic pandemic starting in Wuhan, Hubei, China.
    • Pathology definition
      The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. (1 of 3 pathology definitions)
    • Zoonotic definition
      relating to, or having a zoonosis
  2. (virology, metonymically) Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2; the virus which causes the disease.

Synonyms

Coordinate terms

(disease):

(virus):

Descendants

See also

References

  1. ^ NBC News, "Coronavirus gets official name from WHO: COVID-19", Erika Edwards, 11 February 2020
  2. ^ BBC News, "Coronavirus officially named Covid-19, says WHO", 11 February 2020
  3. ^ Agence France Presse, "Novel coronavirus named 'Covid-19': UN health agency", AFP News Agency, 11 February 2020

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

Abbreviation of coronavirus disease + 19 from 2019, the year it was discovered. Coined by the World Health Organization on February 11, 2020. Intended to avoid stigma by not referring to a place, animal, or group of people.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

COVID-19

  1. (medicine) COVID-19 (disease)
    diagnosed with COVID-19
    Synonyms: coronavirus disease 2019, 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, Wuhan pneumonia, Wuhan flu
    Hypernym: COVID
    Coordinate terms: pneumonia, acute respiratory disease, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome
    • 2020 January 11, “Coronavirus”, in World Health Organization[1]:
      Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
    • 2021 February 12, “Coronavirus (COVID-19) update”, in U.S. Food & Drug Administration[2]:
      This week, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) for a a monoclonal antibody combination for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients
    • 2021 July 23, “COVID-positive man boards Indonesia flight disguised as wife”, in Aljazeera[3]:
      Indonesia reported a record daily number of 1,566 COVID-19 deaths on Friday, taking total fatalities to 80,598, data from the country’s COVID-19 task force showed.
    • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome definition
      A form of pneumonia resulting from infection by a coronavirus characterized by fever, myalgia, lethargy and coughing and which can be fatal.
  2. (virology, metonymically) SARS-CoV-2 (virus that causes the COVID-19 disease)
    Synonyms: China virus, Chinese virus, Wuhan coronavirus, Wuhan flu, Wuhan virus
    Hypernyms: virus, coronavirus
    Coordinate terms: influenza, MERS-related coronavirus, SARS-related coronavirus
    • 2020 January 11, “Coronavirus”, in World Health Organization[4]:
      Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.
    • 2021 February 5, “Redoubling public health measures needed due to COVID-19 virus variants”, in World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe[5]:
      As we enter the first months of 2021, increasing numbers of reports of variants of the COVID-19 virus mark a new development in the pandemic.
    • Virus definition
      A submicroscopic, non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, that requires a living host cell to replicate, and often causes disease in the host organism; such agents are often classed as nonliving infectious particles and less often as microorganisms. (1 of 5 virus definitions)
    • Influenza definition
      An acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, caused by a virus, which rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics.

Derived terms

Translations


French

Proper noun

COVID-19 m or f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Covid-19
    • 2020, M. Underner, J. Perriot, G. Peiffer, N. Jaafari, “COVID-19 et modifications du comportement tabagique [COVID-19 and changes in smoking]”, in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, DOI:10.1016/j.rmr.2020.08.004:
      La COVID-19, apparue en Chine en décembre 2019, est due à un nouveau coronavirus, le coronavirus 2019, à l’origine de la pandémie actuelle.
      COVID-19, which appeared in China in December 2019, is a novel coronavirus, the 2019 coronavirus, which is the origin of the current pandemic.
    • 2021 February 15, “Données sur la COVID-19 au Québec [Data on COVID-19 in Quebec]”, in Québec[6]:
      Au Québec, pour le moment, la propagation du coronavirus (COVID‑19) est sous contrôle, mais les présentes semaines sont critiques.
      In Quebec, for the moment, the transmission of coronavirus (COVID‑19) is under control, but the next weeks are critical.
    • Covid-19 definition
      Alternative form of COVID-19

Italian

Proper noun

COVID-19 f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Covid-19

Portuguese

Proper noun

COVID-19 m or f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Covid-19